understand the origin of
this geographical division of the county,
it is necessary to refer again to the fact that in 1801 the southwest
quarter of the county was called Neshannock township, that in 1805 this
extensive territory was itself divided into four quarters, the
northeast quarter becoming Lackawannock, the northwest quarter Shenango
township, while the south quarters were included in that territory
which subsequently was annexed to Lawrence
Lackawannock township in 1805 contained all the territory of
the present townships of Lackawannock, East Lackawannock and
Wilmington. In 1846 the south part of Lackawannock was detached to form
Wilmington township, and in 1849 occurred the division which produced
Lackawannock and East Lackawannock.
The Cozadd and Young
families seem to dispute the honor of pioneer settlement in this
township, though both came here from Washington county in 1798,
Nathaniel Cozadd and James Young were the pioneers, and made their
homes in the northeastern part of the township. The civil jurisdiction
of the townships was not well defined at that time, and boundaries were
known only in a general way. This seems to account for the fact that
both these settlers are given in the list of taxables for Salem
township in 1801, while James Gilkey, who settled near Wilmington, was
included in the list of Cool Spring. James Gilkey gained his chief
renown for growing a new kind of potato, which was sometimes called by
Samuel Blackston was founder of another pioneer family
in this township. Members of this family have been active citizens of
the township to the present time, and were also among the organizers of
the Unity Presbyterian church at Greenfield.
Greenfield is a
little village that grew up on the Middlesex-Mercer road. A schoolhouse
was erected here in 1834, several years later a store was opened, and
churches also appeared.
The building of the Sharpsville Railroad
to New Wilmington and the opening of the coal mines gave much
industrial activity to this township.
Century History of Mercer County, 1909, page 166
Towns & Villages
Twp. Census Records
Telephone Directory for Lackawannock Twp.
Names A - Z
|Transformation of Lackawannock Twp.
|Formed in 1805 from Neshannock Twp.
divided into the following townships: