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CHAPTER XXV.

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES ó BEDMINSTER.

SAMUEL K. ALTHOUSE, farmer, P.O. Dublin, is a great-grandson of Daniel Althouse, who came from Germany and lived in Bedminster, where he owned a large tract of land. He was accidentally killed while coming home from Philadelphia with his team. His son, Martin, was grandfather of Samuel. He had a farm near Kellerís Church, in this township, and also worked as a mason. His wife was Catharine Sigafoos. Both are buried at time Tohickon church. They had a numerous family, many of whom died young, and Martin, Levi, and Tobias after reaching maturity. Those now living are Mathias, in Quakertown, amid Silas, in this township. Tobias, father of Samuel K., was born in 1808 and died January 13, 1885. He was a blacksmith by trade. For thirty-eight years he was absent from time township, but returned four years before his death, which took place in the house of Samuel K. He was a soldier in the Mexican war and also in the civil war. His wife was Elizabeth, daughter of John Kramer, of this township. She died in 1843. Their children were: Catharine, deceased; Reuben, living in Minneapolis, Minn.; and Samuel K., who was born June 11, 1837. He was brought up to farming, and from 1855 to 1860 was a teacher. In 1865 he bought his present home. November 25, 1860, he was married to Sarah Ann, daughter of Enos Crouthamel. She was born July 26, 1837. They have had six children: Sarah, who died in childhood; Albert C., who is a teacher; Mary C., Emma C., Edwin C., and Reuben C., living with their parents. Mr. Althouse has held several township offices, and is now county auditor. He is a member of the Tohickon Reformed church and is a thoroughly honest and trustworthy man.

ABRAHAM H. BEWIGHOUSE, farmer, P.O. Bedminster, is a grandson of Daniel Bewighouse, whose father came from Germany. Daniel was born in this township, near where his grandson, John, now lives. He was a farmer all his life and died on time place where he was born. His son Christian, father of Abraham and John, was born in that place in 1791 and died in 1859. On his marriage he bought the place where John now lives and stayed there until his death. His wife was Sarah Huntsberger, from Hilltown. She was born in 1797 and died in 1861. They had five children: Mary and Sarah Ann, deceased; Esther, living in Plumsteadville; John, and Araham H., who was born November 25, 1825. He lived at home until his marriage, when he took from the estate that part of the home farm which has been his home ever since, with the exception of two years spent in Telford, this county. September 17, 1854, he was married to Elizabeth, daughter of Abraham Fretz, of Hilltown, where she was born July 15, 1826. They have one child, Pearson F., born May 14, 1858, who lives with his parents, and was married in November, 1881, to Laura Stover. One of the oldest residents of the township, Mr. Bewighouse is known and respected by every person in it. He and his wife are members of the Deep Run Mennonite church.

JOHN BEWIGHOUSE, farmer, P.O. Bedminster, is a younger son of Christian, and was born October 15, 1827, in the house where he now lives and which he has never left. His whole life has been spent as a farmer, and he is a creditable representative of the sturdy, honest farmers who have given Bucks county an enviable reputation among the counties of the state. Mr. Bewighouseís life has been an open book that all who know him may read, and he possesses the utmost confidence of his neighbors. May 8, 1858, he was married to Sarah Kratz, of Plumstead township. They have had seven children, of whom three are deceased, viz: Christiana, Christian, and an unnamed infant. Those living are: Sarah Ann, Esther, J. Geary, and Ella, living with their parents. Mr. and Mrs. Bewighouse, and three of their children are members of the Second Deep Run Mennonite church.

JOHN S. BISSEY, farmer, P.O. Bedminster, was born in Rockhill township, May 5, 1851. His grandfather was Tobias Bissey, who was born in Hilltown, but who later in life removed to Rockhil1. He worked at carpet-weaving and is now living a retired life, being over 80 years of age. His wife was a Driesbach and died more than thirty years ago. They had three children, of whom two are living: Sophia, wife of Elias Nace, near Quakertown, and Jacob, who is the father of John S. He was born in Rockhill, where he is still living. He is an industrious farmer and has accumulated a goodly property. He is a member of time Lutheran church, of which he has been deacon. His wife is Annie Shettler, who was born on the farm where they now live. Their children are: Elemanda, living with her parents; Isaiah, in Lansdale; Herman, a physician in Philadelphia; Tobias, living in Perkasie; Francis, deceased; and John S., who was second in order of birth. He remained with his parents until his marriage, when he removed to the home of his wife in Bedminsterville, where they now reside. August 26, 1873, he was married to Louisa, only child of Reuben and Eliza Ann Stover, of this township. She was born March 2, 1855. Three children have been born to them: Clara, Alvin, and Sadie, the last of whom is deceased. Still a young man Mr. Bissey has before him the possibility of a long life which the respect in which he is held by those who know him promises to make one of usefulness. He and his wife are both members of the Lutheran church.

SAMUEL H. BIBIGHAUS, retired merchant, residence Philadelphia, was born in 1813, in Philadelphia. He is a descendant of Martin Bibighaus, a native of Whitgenstein, Germany, who died in 1742. His son, John, was born in 1740 and in 1763 married Magdalena Meichel. They were members of the Reformed church. They came to Philadelphia October 29, 1770, in the ship "Sally," and settled in Bedminster township, Bucks county, soon after their arrival. He died in 1811, aged 70 years, and she in 1799, aged 48. They were buried in the graveyard at the Tohickon church. Six children were born to this couple, of whom the youngest was Henry, father of Samuel H. Henry was a minister, and in 1808 went to Philadelphia, where he resided until his death in 1851, serving twenty-nine years in the ministry. He married Sarah Sumstone in 1800, and she died in 1841. They had eleven children. Samuel H., the eighth child, received a common school education in Philadelphia. Belonging to a large family he was early thrown upon his own resources, and in 1827 was employed as a clerk, which business he followed until he was 21 years old. He then engaged in business for himself and continued until 1865 when he retired. In 1846 he was married to Maria B., daughter of George and Catherine Lerch, of Easton, Pa. They have had four children, all of whom are deceased: William, George, Sallie, and Eliza. Mr. Bibighaus is a member of time First Reformed church of Philadelphia, and for thirty years has been treasurer of the same.

SIMON S. BRUMBAUGH, physician, P.O. Pipersville, is a grandson of David Brumbaugh, whose father came from Germany and settled in Washington county, Md. David was born there and died between 40 and 50 years ago. He owned a farm there and a tract of 1700 acres in Bedford county, Pa. Of his children the following are now living: Elias, in Maryland; Nathan and George, at Greencastle, Pa.; Jacob and Maria, at Middleburg, Pa.; Elizabeth, living in the west; and Simon, the father of Simon S. He (Simon) was born in Maryland September 29, 1806, and is now living on a part of the Bedford county tract. He is a farmer, a man of quiet, industrious habits, and a prominent member of the Lutheran church, in which he has filled all the official positions. His wife, Christiana Stuckey, was born in Bedford county, January 2, 1819. Their children are: David S.K., now in Blair county, this state; Anna Maria, wife of Dr. L.P. Stuckey, of Belleville, Ill.; Eva D., wife of Rev. J.G. Snyder, of Martinsburg, Pa.; Rosa K., wife of Dr. A.S. Stayer, Roaring Spring county; Maggie C., deceased; Grace E., wife of George Yeingling, of Martinsburg; and Simon S., who was the fifth and was born in Bedford county, July 17, 1852. When 21 he taught schooló two terms in Pennsylvania and one in Illinoisó all the time reading medicine, and in 1876 began his regular course in the Missouri Medical College, St. Louis, from which he was graduated March 5, 1878. In July following he came to Pipersville, where he has a large and growing practice. October 7, 1880, he was married to Lizzie M., daughter of Isaac S. Moyer. She was born in this township. They have two children, Christie and Howard. Dr. Brumbaugh in 1886 built a chapel for the use of the Sunday school and the community in general, at his own expense. He is held in esteem as a skilful physician, and is noted for his probity and straightforward ways.

WILLIAM BUEHRLE, farmer and huckster, P.O. Kellerís Church, is a son of Joseph Buehrle, a native of Baden, Germany, who was a martyr to his republican principles. He was revenue and tax collector for the duchy of Baden, a high and honorable office which he held for many years, but on account of his connection with the republican movement which culminated in the rebellion begun at Baden in 1848, he was deprived of his office and of most of his property, and in 1846 came to the land of freedom, bringing his family with him. He settled in Tinicum township, and bravely adapting himself to his changed circumstances, began again, a trait which has characterized his children. He followed the canal for many years. His children were: Robert, who is now superintendent of schools in Lancaster county; Emeline, wife of Jacob Steeley, of Nockamixon township; Emma, wife of Titus Applebach, of Bethlehem; and William, who was born in Baden in 1834. He began life bravely when quite a young boy, crossing time mountains with a pack on his back. For twenty-one years he boated and turned his hand to anything that promised remuneration. Subsequently he bought the farm of Dietrich Knoppel in this township, on which he lived for five years, farming and dealing in cattle. He then resold it to Mr. Knoppel and bought his present home, where he carries on the same business. September 15, 1856, he was married to Mary Ann, daughter of Samuel Freiling, of Warrington township. She was born in 1842. To their union seventeen children have been born, of whom three are deceased. Those living are: Hannah, wife of Nathan Beer, of Plumstead township; Lottie, wife of Abraham O. Myers, of this township; Rosa, wife of J. Edwin Scheetz, a merchant at Kellerís Church Frederick, living with his brother-in-law Myers; William, with Edwin Fluck; Joseph, with Dietrich Knoppel; Samuel, with Gideon S. Rosenberger; Annie, with her uncle at Lancaster; Lawrence, with Reuben High; Robert, Charles, Jacob, Henry, and Lillie Elda at home. While in Tinicum Mr. Buehrle was on the school board, and is now on the school board in this township. He is emphatically a selfómade man, and deserves great credit for the manner in which he has worked his way up to his present position, as well as for the manner in which he has brought up his numerous family, to all of whom he has given advantages which he himself never had.

REUBEN B. CROUTHAMEL, merchant, P.O. Hagersville, is a grandson of Jacob Crouthamel, whose father came from Germany, and who was born in Bedminster in 1787, and died there in 1883. His son, Enos, was the father of Reuben B. and was born in Franconia, Montgomery county, where his parents lived a short time, in 1807. He died in 1886, aged 78. He learned the trade of a wheelwright and worked at it in this township, where he also owned a farm not far from the Presbyterian church, on which he lived for forty-two years preceding his death. He was a prominent member of the Tohickon Lutheran church, of which he was both deacon and elder, and he deservedly stood high in the community. His wife was Mary Ann, daughter ofí Daniel Bartholomew, who was born in Haycock, and is now about 80 years of age. Their children were: Sarah, wife of Samuel K. Althouse, of this township; William, living in Doylestown; Daniel B., a merchant in this township; Mary, wife of A.D. Stever, of Buckingham township; Jacob, who keeps a hotel at Pipersville; and Reuben B., who was the oldest of the family, and was born in Tinicum December 17, 1834. At the age of 19, he went into the store of Levi O. Mickley, at Church Hill, in Rockhill township. A year and a half later he went into another store there where he remained for two years, then was at Kellerís Church a year, when he returned to Church Hill, and ten months later (in 1859) bought out his employer, Reading C. Haefler. In 1874 he sold out and came to his present location at Hagersville. November 17, 1861, he was married to Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph Shive. She was born February 11, 1841. They have seven children: Mary S., wife of Philip S. Cressman, hotel-keeper at Perkasie; Lizzie S., wife of Philip Umfried, of the Cross Keys hotel; Abbie, Erwin, Ella Wister, Stella, and Sallie Irene at home. All the family except the younger ones are members of the Tohickon Lutheran church, of which he is an elder.

JACOB M. DETWEILER, farmer, P.O. Dublin, is a grandson of Peter Detweiler, who was raised on a farm adjoining the one where Jacob M. lives, which latter place he bought after his marriage, and built the house which is now standing there, and in which he died at the age of 75. His wife was Hester Leatherman. Both were members of the Old Deep Run Mennonite church, at which place they are buried. Their son, John L., was the father of Jacob M. He was born, lived all his lifetime, and died in this house. He was a sober, honest, and industrious man, and was also a member of the Mennonite church, as was his wife who is living on the old place. He is buried with his parents. Their children were Peter, who lives on the adjoining farm; Annie, wife of Mahlon F. High, in Plumstead township; and Jacob M., who was born September 25, 1848, in the house which has been his life-long home. Until his marriage he worked for his father, and then rented the farm, buying it from the estate after his fatherís death. He was married, November 25, 1871, to Mary, daughter of Joseph Moyer, of Plumstead township. She was born September 7, 1848. They have one child, Emma M., born December 28, 1872. Mr. Detweiler is a plain, straightforward man, and like all of their ancestors, both he and his wife are members of the Old Deep Run Mennonite church, and he enjoys the respect and confidence of his friends and neighbors.

JOHN H. DIEHL, farmer, P.O. Bedminster, is a great-grandson of William Diehl, who came from Germany before the revolution, in which he took part as a teamster. He afterward settled on a farm in Haycock township, where he died. His son Daniel, grandfather of John H., was born, lived, and died in that township. He was a farmer and hotel-keeper and built the tavern in Strawntown, in that township. His wife was Magdalena Amey. Their son, Samuel, was the father of John H. He was born in Haycock and died in Springfield township. He was a soldier in the war of 1812, afterward joining a volunteer regiment in which he served as a private. He afterward commanded the company and subsequently rose to the rank of colonel. His wife was Mary Heist, who died before her husband. Their children were: Elizabeth, wife of William Hinkel, living in Allentown; Mary, wife of Oliver Dunlap, in Haycock; Susannah, wife of David Mumbauer, of Springfield township; Catherine, wife of Abraham R. Mann, of the same township; Eliza, wife of William Campbell, of Richland township; William B., in Lower Saucon township, Northampton county; Levi P., in Springfield township; and John H., who was the oldest son, and was born in Haycock on February 6, 1820. On his marriage he removed to Williams township, in Northampton county, where he lived for seventeen years, coming thence to his present home. Nine years later he bought and removed to the farm in Springfield township, where his father died. Ten years later he returned to his place in this township, renting his Springfield farm to his son-in-law. March 24, 1849, he was married to Lavina Schmell, who was born in Haycock township September 20, 1821. They have three children: David, who is married to Sarah Ann, daughter of Reuben Stever, of Dublin, and who is on Mr. Diehlís farm in this township; Eliza, wife of Samuel R. Stever, a brother of Davidís wife; and Samuel, who is studying for the ministry in the Lutheran college at Gettysburg. Mr. and Mrs. Diehl are members of the Springfield Lutheran church. He is one of the substantial representative citizens of the township.

NEIL E. DUFFY, manufacturer, P.O. Ridge, is a native of Wilmington, Del. His parents are both of Irish birth and are both now living in that place, and are each about 70 years old. He was born September 8, 1851, and learned the trade of coach-making in Wilmington with C.W. Horn. In 1874 he came to Dublin, where he remained until 1879, when, being out of employment at his trade, he went into the clothing business, taking from a prominent Philadelphia house a number of garments. These he distributed and collected personally, doing all his work with the one horse he then owned. From this humble beginning he has grown a business which disburses in wages $1,500 a month among the people of the upper part of Bucks county, and employs seven horses and a number of men, and is steadily increasing. In 1884 he made 59,259 pieces; in 1885, 71,216; and in 1886, 80,704. His business gives profitable employment to a large number of people, and is no inconsiderable factor in the prosperity of a large number of rural homes. March 25, 1880, he was married to Margaret, daughter of Charles Scott. She was born in Philadelphia, May 18, 1854. They have three children: Edith Ray, Cora, and Edward Scott. Mr. and Mrs. Duffy are both members of the Deep Run Presbyterian church, and he has a decidedly enviable reputation as a shrewd, wide-awake man of business, upright and honorable in all his dealings.

ANTHONY H. EFFRIG, farmer and cattle-dealer, P.O. Dublin, is a son of Anthony Effrig, who was born in Elsass, Germany, in 1811, and died in Lansdale, Montgomery county, October 3, 1884. He came to this country when a young man, locating in Plumsteadville, working at his trade of blacksmith. Two years afterward he bought the shop where Crouthamelís store now is, in Hagersville. Seven years later he bought a farm not far from there, on which he lived twenty-two years. Anthony H. was at this time in Haycock, and his father went there and lived with him for seven years, and then followed his son back to this township, staying with him two years, when he went to Lansdale, where he died. He was married in Hagersville to Catherine Hartman, who is now in her 77th year, and is living with our subject. Their children are: Catharine, deceased; Samuel, in Lansdale; Paul H., in Kansas City; Emanuel H., in Philadelphia; and Anthony H., who was born March 15, 1840. When 20 years old he bought from his older brother, Samuel, a farm near Dublin, on which he lived two years, then bought a farm in Haycock, on which he lived three years, then sold it and rented a lot, on which he lived a year. He then bought a farm in Hatfield, Montgomery county, where he lived three years, when he sold it and bought his present home. Mr. Effrig has, besides being a farmer, given great attention to dealing in cattle, and is to-day the heaviest cattle-dealer in the township. In three months of 1886 he shipped 718 head of cattle to market. December 3, 1864, he was married to Sydney L., daughter of George Drumbore, of Rockhill. She was born January 12, 1841. Their children are:

George Howard, Anthony Franklin, Maggie Catharine, Alice Jane, Barbara Ellen, Emanuel Horace, and Joel Evan, all living with their parents. Mr. Effrig is one of the enterprising citizens of the township, and is well spoken of by his neighbors. He and his wife are members of the Tohickon Reformed church.

REUBEN B. FLUCK, farmer, P.O. Dublin, is a grandson of Philip Fluck, who was a farmer and huckster, and who died in Hilltown about forty years ago. His wife, Mary Ott, survived him several years. Those of their children who are now living are: John, near Soudertown, in this county; Jacob, in this township; Enos, in Rockhill; Thomas, in Haycock; and Samuel, father of Reuben, who lives on an adjoining farm. He was born in Hilltown and is now 67 years old. His wife is Susanna Bollinger, from Doylestown township, who is now 66 years old. They had but two children, one of whom, Oliver, was never married, and died in October, 1878, aged 21. He was a young man of good character and much promise, a teacher in this township for several years, and held a high class certificate. Reuben B. was born where his father now lives, June 3, 1847. He lived with his father until he was 31 years old, a year after his marriage. Then for a year he rented a farm near by, and in 1880 bought his present home. December 15, 1877, he was married to Barbara Ann, daughter of William Miller, of this township. She was born June 26, 1847. They have four children living: Clara, Susanna, Alice, and Samuel; and a son, Oliver, who died in infancy. Mr. Fluck is an industrious, honest, and trustworthy man and a good neighbor. He has never held public office, his time being entirely given to his farm and family.

SYLVESTER H. FLUCK, harness-maker, P.O. Bedminster, is a grandson of Samuel Fluck, who formerly lived on the farm in this township now owned by his son John. He died about thirty years ago. His son, Samuel Y., father of Sylvester H., was born in 1829, and died in 1879. He was a mason by trade, but later bought a farm in Haycock, on which he lived until his death. He was a man of delicate constitution, and for the last eighteen years of his life was unable to work. He was a religious man, and a member of the German Reformed church. His wife, Harriet Rodenbush, of Rockhill township, was born in 1831, and died in 1875. They had five children: Elemina, wife of Francis Smith, now living on the old homestead in Haycock; Emma Lucetta, wife of John Maurer, in Hilltown; Mary, wife of Philip W. Bleam, in Haycock; Annie Elizabeth, unmarried, in East Rockhill; and Sylvester, who was the second child, and was born December 31, 1856. When 17 years old he went to Keelersville to learn his trade, and after a lapse of two years he travelled west for two years. Returning, he worked in Plumstead for a year, and January 1, 1881, opened a shop in Bedminsterville, which he built, together with a brick house adjoining, and now has a flourishing trade. In 1882 he was married to Mary Ann, daughter of Jacob L. Leatherman, of Plumsteadville. She was born in 1863. Mr. Fluck is an honest and conscientious young man. He is a member of Plumstead Lodge, No. 678, I.O.O.F., and he and his wife are members of flue Tohickon German Reformed church.

ALLEN M. FRETZ, minister of Mennonite church, P.O. Bedminster, belongs to the family so numerous in this part of the county, and of which there are several branches. His great-grandfather Abraham lived on a farm which is a part of the original Fretz estate in the township, owned by his father Christian, to whom it was willed in 1772 by his father John, who owned and lived on it, and now owned by our subjectís father, and occupied by his son, Mahlon M., the sixth generation of the Fretz family on the place now owned by the father of Allen M. The family belonged to the Mennonite church, and have always been among the leaders. Our subjectís great-grandfather Abraham was a deacon of the church. One of his sons, likewise named Abraham, is yet living, near Pipersville, this township. and is nearly 75 years of age. Another of his sons, Christian, was grandfather of Allen M., and was born on the old homestead, lived on and owned the place now occupied by the latter. His death took place in September, 1875, when he was 74 years old. He had four children, of whom one, Abraham, died in 1876. The others are as follows: Eliza Ann, widow of Reuben Stover, living in Bedminsterville; Nary, wife of John M. Fretz, of this township; and Ely, father of Allen M., who was the eldest of the family, born in 1825, and now living on part of the place of his birth. He was a miller and farmer, yet carrying on the home place, and his record is that of a straightforward and honorable man. Like all of his ancestors he is a Mennonite, a member of the board of trustees of the Second Mennonite church at Deep Run, and treasurer of the board. He is a director of the Sellersville National Bank. He was married in 1850 to Mary, daughter of William Myers, of this township, who was born in 1830. Their children are: Lucinda, wife of Edward Yost, of Plumstead; Emeline, living with Allen M.; Mahlon M., on the homestead; Francis M., with his father; Barbara, with Mahlon M.; Susan and Marietta, living at home; and Allen M., who was the oldest, and was born December 12, 1853, in Tinicum. When 17 years old, he was sent by his parents to the Mennonite seminary at Wadsworth, O., after leaving which he taught school eleven terms. In 1883 he was called to the ministry, and is now pastor of the Second Deep Run church. Feeling the pressing need of an English paper in the interest of the Mennonite church, he, with the aid of Rev. N.B. Grubb, of Philadelphia, succeeded in October, 1885, in getting out the prospectus of "The Mennonite," which was laid before the conference of the church, which body accepted it as one of the periodicals of the church. Mr. Fretz is still one of the editors of the paper, which has steadily increased in popularity and circulation since it was started. On September 18, 1880, he was married to Sarah, daughter of Abraham L. Leatherman, of Plumstead, where she was born November 23, 1858. She died March 21, 1882, and March 5, 1884, Mr. Fretz was married to Anna, daughter of Jacob F. Rittenhouse, of Campden, Ont., where she was born May 10, 1860. They have one child, Jacob Rittenhouse Fretz. Mr. Fretz is a busy man. In addition to his ministerial and editorial duties, he carries on a part of the home firm, and no man in the township of Bedminster stands higher in the estimation of his fellow-men. Especially is this the case among the brethren of the church of which he is the zealous pastor.

OLIVER D. FRETZ, shoemaker, P.O. Bedminster, is a son of that Abraham Fretz already mentioned as living at Pipersville and who was brought up on the old homestead, where he lived until a few years ago, when he sold it to Ely. He has also followed droving for forty years, and is familiarly known as "Drover Abraham." He is a member of the Mennonite church, and is a man of strongly marked characteristics, one of his leading traits being a willingness to help his neighbors, often to his own detriment. His wife, Sarah Detweiler, died in the year 1851. Their children were: Lavina and Clementine, who are living in this township; Clayton D., a physician in Sellersville; Titus and Sarah Ellen, who are deceased; and Oliver D., who was the oldest. After his wifeís death Mr. Fretz was married to Katie Frey, of Haycock, who died in 1886. They had six children: Abraham and Laura, deceased; Lewis in Philadelphia; Sabilla and Katie, in Doylestown; and Alice, in Gardenville. Oliver D. was born in this township, November 12, 1840, and when 17 years old began learning the shoemakerís trade, at which he is still working. December 3, 1870, he was married to Susan, daughter of William Myers, of this township. She was born March 1, 1844. They have two children, Abbie M. and William James. Mr. Fretz bears an honorable name as a plain honest man. Like all of his ancestors he is a Mennonite, a member of the Second Deep Run church.

ABRAHAM L. FRETZ, farmer, P.O. Bedminster, is a grandson of old "Deacon Abraham." Isaac K., father of Abraham L., was born where Mahlon Fretz now lives, December 16, 1805, and was a farmer all his lifetime. In 1836 he bought and removed to the place where Abraham L. now lives, and in 1858 bought a part of the old home, where he put up the buildings now occupied by his son, Isaac L. Here he died July 7, 1882. He was also a member of the Second Deep Run Mennonite church, in which he led the singing for many years, and was a sober, honest, and industrious man. October 1, 1833, he was married to Annie, daughter of Jacob Leatherman, of this township. She was born April 15, 1809, and died October 14, 1883. Their children were William, Sarah, and Mary, deceased; John L., Maria L., wife of Henry K. Hockman; Annie, wife of John B. Kratz; Isaac L., and Abraham L., who was the oldest of the family, and was born at the old home September 6, 1834. On his marriage he went to a place in Plumstead, where he stayed for three years, and his father having then removed to his new house, he bought the farm from his father and has ever since lived there. January 2, 1858, he was married to Leanna, daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth Orr, ofí Rockhill. She was born February 12, 1840. Their children are: Adina, who died when six years old; and Samuel O., who is married to Minerva D., daughter ofí John Henry and Emeline Stout. Mr. and Mrs. Fretz, their son and his wife, are all members of the Second Deep Run Mennonite church, of which he has been trustee. As a good citizen and an upright man he bears an enviable record.

ISAAC L. FRETZ, farmer, P.O. Bedminster, is the youngest son of Isaac K. and brother of Abraham L. He was born January 30, 1851, on the place which is now owned by his brother, Abraham L. The youngest of the sons, he stayed with his father until the latterís death, when he inherited the farm to which his father had removed, and has ever since made it his home. May 1, 1875, he was married to Minerva, daughter of John K. Myers. She was born in Plumstead township, January 10, 1854. They have two children, Mary Lizzie and Grace Alice. Inheriting in a marked degree the characteristics of honesty and industry which distinguished his father, Isaac L. has made for himself an honorable record for so young a man. He is a man of progressive instincts, quick to adopt new methods of proved utility.

PHILIP K. FRETZ, retired, P.O. Bedminster, is the oldest living representative of the Fretz family now in this township. His great-grandfather, Abraham, was a cousin of the old "Deacon." His son, also named Abraham, was grandfather of Philip K., whose father was likewise named Abraham. He was born August 17, 1775, and died in May 1815. He was married April 4, 1797, to Rachel Kratz. She was born in Plumstead, September 5, 1777, and died May 22, 1852. Their children were: Susan, Mary, Jacob, Ann and Elizabeth, deceased; Abraham, living in Kansas City; and Philip K., who was born June 25, 1809. He lived with his parents until he was married, when he removed to that part of the place which has ever since been his home. November 22, 1836, he was married to Eliza, daughter of Henry Fretz, who died August 1, 1867, leaving five children. In September, 1872, he was married to Magdalena Huntsberger, who was born in New Britain. They have no children. Those of the first wife were Susan and Jacob, deceased; Anna and Rebecca, both in Chicago; and H. Erwin. Mr. Fretz bears his years well, and is yet in good health. His only surviving son, H. Erwin, who manages the farm, was born April 6, 1817. When 16 years old he went to Philadelphia, where he stayed six years, and on his return married and settled on the homestead. December 1, 1870, he was married to Amanda, daughter of Christian Moyer, of New Britain. She was born in 1850. They have had eight children, one of whom died in infancy. The survivors are: Oscar, Warren, Philip, Erwin, Clarence, Lizzie Bertha, Eugene, and Herbert. Mr. Erwin Fretz has never held any public office. He is a man of excellent character and reputation, and is a trustee of the Second Deep Run Mennonite church, of which all the family are members.

REED FRETZ, farmer, P.O. Bedminster, is a grandson of Abraham Fretz, and a nephew of Philip K. Fretz, under whose name is given the genealogy of the family. Our subjectís father, Jacob, was born in 1803. his father died when he was 11 years old and he remained with his mother until he was 37, when he married, bought the homestead, and lived there until his death, November 30, 1869. He was a great reader, and having a taste for travel, gratified it by extensive trips on foot through Ohio, Virginia, Maryland and other states, and Canada. He was married in 1840 to Susan Beidler, who was born in 1820, and is still living. They had ten children, of whom five are now living, viz: Emma, wife of Abraham M. Leatherman, in Plumstead; Reed; Rachel, wife of William H. Slotter, of Yardley; Lizzie, wife of Nelson K. Leatherman, of Milford township; and Philip Kirk, in Texas. A son, Abraham Ely, was accidentally killed, two months after his fatherís death, by the fall of a horse he was riding. Reed was born March 19, 1844. When 19 years old he began school-teaching, which he followed for three years. For the four succeeding years he worked for his father, and in 1870 bought the homestead property. in 1882 he built an elegant new residence, and put up the most commodious and probably the best planned barn in the county. January 27, 1870, he, was married to Amanda, daughter of Frank Loux, of Solebury. She was born April 14, 1846. They have six children: Jacob Franklin. Minerva, Anna Laura, Nelson Oswald, Mabel Celia, and Mary Matilda. Mr. Fretz is a plain-spoken, straight forward man, who inspires confidence by his sincerity of action. He has never been an aspirant for public favors, having never held office except as traverse and grand juror.

QUINCY A. FRETZ, farmer, P.O. Bedminster, is a grandson of Joseph and Elizabeth (Kratz) Fretz, who lived on the farm now owned by Anthony R. Fretz, adjoining the one owned by the subject of this sketch. He died there more than forty years ago. His son, also named Joseph, was father of Quincy A. He was born, lived all his lifetime, and died on the place mentioned. He was born in 1803, and died in December, 1880. He was a man of more than ordinary intelligence and a great reader. His wife was Catharine Rickert, who died a short time after her husband, aged 63. Their children were: Allen W., living in Riegelsville; Quincy A.; Titus, who died in 1870; Susannah, wife of Mahlon Essek, in Hamilton county, Indiana; and Anthony R. and Ella, living on the homestead. Quincy A. was born July 18, 1847, and lived with his parents until a few years after his marriage, when he spent a year in Hilltown, engaged in the manufacture of force-pumps. The next four years he was in the same business in Soudertown, Montgomery county, and in 1879 he returned to Bucks county to the farm where he now lives, and which he had bought after his fatherís death. October 10, 1873, he was married to Catherine, daughter of Jacob Yeakel, ofí Hilltown. She was born May 27, 1847. They have had one child who died young. Mr. Fretz is a leading man among his neighbors, who respect his straightforward, honest, and manly ways. Like all of their ancestors, he and his wife are members of the Mennonite church.

JOHN M. FRETZ, farmer, Bedminster, is a grandson of Joseph and a son of Abraham Fretz. The latter was born where Anthony R. Fretz now lives, and died about forty-five years ago. After his marriage he bought a farm in Plumstead from his fatherís estate on which he remained until his death. On his fatherís death he began building a new house and other buildings for himself, but died before their completion. A consistent member of the Mennonite church, he was highly esteemed by all who knew him. His wife was Ann Myers, who is now living in Bethlehem. Their children are: Joseph M., living in Richland township; Mary A., with her mother; Sarah A., the wife of John Groman, of Hanover township, Lehigh county; Abraham M., in New Britain township; and John M., who was born in Plumstead, September 16, 1839. His father dying when he was less than four years old he went to his Uncle Joseph, where he stayed eleven years; then he lived in Lehigh county for two years; then in this township for eleven years; and the following nine years he worked in Bethlehem. In 1878 he bought the place in Bedminster where he now lives. March 2, 1871, he was married to Mary, daughter of Christian Fretz. She was born in October, 1842. They have had two children: Elmer Grant, born January 25, 1872, died December 12, 1876, and John Clarence, born August 15, 1878. True to the faith of their ancestors Mr. and Mrs. Fretz are members of the Mennonite church, and ever since his return to the township he has been a trustee of the Second Deep Run church. A man of strict honor and integrity he has the respect and esteem of his fellow-men.

JOSEPH S. FUNK, farmer, P.O. Ridge, is a grandson of Abraham Funk, who came from Germany and settled in Springfield township. He was a teamster in the revolutionary war, after which he came back to this township. His son Joseph was the father of the subject of this sketch. He was born in Springfield in 1800 and died there in 1882. He was a miller by trade, and later bought a farm in that township, where he lived for over forty years before his death. For his time he was a well educated man, of sterling honesty, straightforward in deed and word, saying always just what he thought right. His wife was Sarah Seifert, born in Springfield township in 1811, who now lives with her son, Joseph S. Their children were David, who was in the union army and died in Louisiana; Susanna, Jonas, and William, also deceased; John, living near Easton, Pa.; Hester, wife of Peter Hartman, in Rockhill; Tillman, in Springfield; Effie, wife of John Koch, in same township; Sarah, wife of Samuel Algert, of Easton; and Joseph S., who is the oldest of the survivors, and was born April 11, 1833. A year after his marriage he rented a farm in Springfield, where he stayed for three years; then he was a year in Durham; after which he lived on the home farm for twenty-two years, and in 1885 bought his present home in this township. November 23, 1857, he was married to Anna S., daughter of Isaac Fretz, of Tinicum. She was born January 29, 1837. Their children are: Adaline F., wife of Gideon S. Rosenberger, of this township; and Elmer Ellsworth, born August 15, 1864, who has already taught school six termsó three in Springfield and three in this township, and is a promising young man. He is married to Philena, daughter of James Zigafuss, of Nockamixon township, and by whom he has two children. Mr. Funk is an honest man and a good citizen. He is a member of the Trinity Lutheran church in Springfield, and his wife is a member of the Second Deep Run Mennonite church.

GEORGE W. GARNER, baker, P.O. Dublin, comes of a family which has long been identified with Bucks county. His great-grandfather on his motherís side kept a hotel in Hinkletown, in Plumstead township, a great many years ago. His paternal grandfather, George, was a farmer in Doylestown township. His son, also named George, was born there and owned the home farm. He died about twenty-five years ago. He was known as an extremely hard-working man. His wife was Maria Hinkle, born in Plumstead township, now living in New Britain, and nearly 80 years of age. They had thirteen children, all of whom lived to maturity, but typhoid fever carried off the father and five of the children at one time. Those deceased were Annie, Catherine, Reuben, Mary, and Christiana. Those now living are: Casper, in Springfield, N.J.; Samuel, in Ambler, Montgomery county; Rosalind, wife of Elias Sellers; and Cordelia, wife of Joseph Hines, both in Warrington township; Susanna, wife of Samuel Hines, and Adeline, wife of Harry Fellman, both of New Britain township; Harriet, wife of Isaac Transue, in Doylestown; and George W., who was next to Susanna, and was born January 19, 1849, in Warrington township. When 16 years old he learned the trade of a baker and has followed it ever since. In 1884 he started for himself in Dublin, and has been quite successful. July 10, 1872, he was married to Mary E., daughter of Alfred Fisher. She was born in Doylestown, August 10, 1852. They have had five children, one of whom, Ervin Garfield, died in infancy. The others are George A., Samuel Ross, Lizzie Venora, and Lawrence Main. Mr. Garner is a man of excellent character and stands well as a business man and a citizen.

JOHN M. GRUVER, farmer, P.O. Bedminster, is a grandson of Philip Gruver, a farmer in Tinicum township, where he died about forty-five years ago. He was twice married. His son, Joseph, father of our subject, was a son by his first wife. He was born on the homestead in 1798 and died in August, 1880, aged 83 years. He was a man of good repute and an elder in the Lower Tinicum Lutheran church, in which he also led the singing. His wife, Elizabeth Maust, was born in the same township and in the same year as her husband, and died in September, 1882, in her 85th year. They had eleven children, of whom seven are now living: Reuben, in Doylestown township; Elias, John M., living in Bedminster township; Isaac and Caroline, in Tinicum township; Joseph, in Lehigh county; and Mary, in Hilltown. John M. was born February 7, 1837. He was brought up to farming and in 1860 began for himself, living on various farms in this and Tinicum township for nine years, when he bought the place which has since been his home. December 3, 1864, he was married to Sarah Ann, daughter of Joseph Sine. She was born December 7, 1844. To their union four children have been born: Leidy S., who teaches school in winter, and is now fitting himself for the higher branches of his profession; Milton S. and Edwin S.; and James Ezra, who died in January, 1886, aged 17 years and 6 months. Mr. and Mrs. Gruver and all of their family except the youngest are members of the Lower Tinicum Lutheran church, and the testimony of his neighbors is that he is an honest, upright man, and a good citizen.

J. PRICE HARLEY, farmer and miller, P.O. Dublin, is a grandson of Samuel Harley, who was the founder of Harleysville, in Montgomery county, where he kept a store and hotel, and he was a prominent man in that locality. He was a leading member of the Dunkard church near there, known as the Indian Creek church. He died in his 82d year about fifty years ago. His wife, Catherine, was a daughter of Christopher Sauer, the first German printer in Pennsylvania, who being on principle opposed to all oaths, refused (although a patriot) to take the oath of allegiance, and thereby lost all his property. Samuel Harleyís son, Jacob S., was the father of the subject of this sketch. He engaged in many business enterprises; first in Harleysville and then in Franconiaville, where he had a store and hotel. He gave up the hotel in a few years, but was in the mercantile business twenty-two years altogether. During this time he built almost all the buildings that compose that village. In 1847 he sold out his store and also a lumber yard which he owned, and bought a farm in Hilltown township. He lived there for ten years, then went to Line-Lexington, engaged in general business there for a time, then started a stove and hardware store. He carried on that business for fourteen years, then retired and came to Dublin, where he died August 1, 1882. Like his father, he was a prominent member of the Dunkard church, and a conscientious, upright man. His wife, Sarah, was the daughter of Rev. John Price, of Chester county. She was born February 26, 1804, and died September 1, 1882, one month after her husband. Of their children Caroline, Eliza, Franklin, Charles, and Jacob are deceased. Those living are: Matilda, wife of Samuel F. Loux, living in Dublin; Mary, wife of David Swink, in Hilltown township; David, a lawyer in Manistee City, Mich.; Jonathan, a farmer in Michigan; and J. Price, who was born October 6, 1839, in Franconiaville. He inherits the family characteristics of push and energy, and has had much experience in actual business. He was first in his fatherís store and then for three years in wholesale dry-goods houses in Philadelphia. In 1871 he came to Dublin and engaged in the manufacture of clothing for the principal houses in Philadelphia. This business he carried on successfully for sixteen years, after which he gave his attention solely to his farm until 1887, when he built the steam saw and grist mill which he is now running. June 3, 1871, he was married to Amanda H., daughter of Joseph Crouthamel, then of Hatfield, Montgomery county, where she was born March 28, 1846. They have had two children, one of whom, Lucretia M., died in infancy. The other, Lavinia P., is living with her parents. Mr. Harley is a member of Keystone Lodge, No. 271, A.Y.M.; of Kensington Chapter, No. 233, R.A.M.; and of Philadelphia Commandery, No. 2, K.T. He is also a member and trustee of Girard Lodge, No. 12, Knights of Birmingham, and was the founder of Cuttalossa Tribe, No. 244, I.O.R.M., of Dublin. He is a wide-awake, energetic, and enterprising man.

JOHN HARRISON, farmer, P.O. Bedminster, is a native of Ireland, born in County Down July 4, 1824. His parents came to this country when he was six years old and settled in Pittsburgh, where his father kept a store. He was afterward in the same business in Beaver county, and died there in 1860. His wife died many years before. They had six children, of whom three are now living: William, living with his brother; Eliza, widow of James Quay, in Beaver county; and John, who went, when old enough, into a cotton factory, and was afterward for three years in a wholesale liquor house in Pittsburgh. In 1861 he returned to Ireland, buying a farm in County Derry, where he lived for twelve years, coming back to this country in 1873. Landing in Philadelphia, he came thence to this county and bought the large farm where he has ever since lived. He was married in Ireland in 1862 to Mary Higgins, who died in this township July 22, 1874, at the age of 35 years. She had three children, all of whom are deceased. Mr. Harrison has always been an industrious and careful man, and is the heaviest tax-payer in the township, and his ample means often enable him to come to the relief of his financially embarrassed neighbors. He is an enterprising, energetic business man, and possesses those qualities which command success.

ABRAHAM K. HIGH, farmer, P.O. Dublin, is a grandson of Daniel High, a native of Chester county, born October 25, 1773, and died in 1816. His wife, Elizabeth Kulp, was a native of this township, and they were married in Chester county. She died at the age of 76. Their children were: Barbara, widow of John Bleam, in Plumstead; David, who makes his home with Abraham K.; and Jacob, father of Abraham K., who was the eldest, and was born in Chester county April 17, 1804, and died September 2, 1883. His parents came to this county when he was ten years old. He was a sober, industrious man, and a member of the Old Deep Run Mennonite church. His wife was Sarah, daughter of minister Abraham Kulp. She was born October 6, 1810, and is now living with Abraham K. Their children were: Elizabeth, who was the wife of Reuben M. Myers, and died February 6, 1885; Sarah, single, living with her mother; and Abraham K., who was the eldest, and was born September 20, 1833. After his marriage, he farmed the home place on shares, and after his fatherís death bought it. He has never had any other occupation than farming. November 17, 1861, he was married to Barbara, daughter of John Leatherman of this township. She was born May 12, 1841. They had three children, two of whom, Sarah and Daniel, died young. Their only son, John L., was born April 25, 1866, is unmarried, and lives with his parents. Mr. high has been assessor and school director, and during the civil war was enrolling officer. He has always had the reputation of being a man of strict probity. He and his wife are members of the Old Deep Run Mennonite church.

HENRY K. HOCKMAN, carpenter, P.O. Bedminster, comes from an old family in this part of the county. His great-grandfather, Ulrich Hockman, died here and is buried at the Deep Run church. His son, Ulrich, was grandfather of Henry K., and was born, lived, and died in this township. John D., the father of our subject, was a shoemaker, but after his marriage began farming in Plumstead, and in l851 removed to this township, and on the death of his father he bought the home farm, which he subsequently sold, removing to another place in this township. He possesses the utmost confidence of his fellow-men, who appreciate his good qualities. His wife is Rebecca, daughter of Philip Kratz. Their children are: Jacob, living in Perkasie; Isaac, deceased; William K., living in this township; Mary Ann, wife of Jacob D. Kendie, of Hatfield; Sarah, wife of Charles Roberts, of Lehigh county; Annie, wife of Jacob Ruth, of Bethlehem; and Henry K., who was born August 15, 1840. At the age of 21 he began learning the trade of a carpenter, and twelve years later began farming for his wifeís father. For six and one-half years he drove the stage between Doylestown and Bedminster, and then built the place in Bedminster, where he now carries on his trade. In 1867 he was married to Maria, daughter of Isaac K. Fretz. Four children have been born to them: Lillie, who died in childhood; William Henry, Ellen, and Clinton. As a man and tradesman, Mr. Hockman bears an honorable name. He and his wife are, like their progenitors, members of the Mennonite church.

ABRAHAM M. KELLER, hotel-keeper, P.O. Bedminster, was born in Plumstead township March 21, 1861. His great-great-grandfather came from Germany, and settled in Haycock township. His son, Christopher, born there December 15, 1751, was great-grandfather of Abraham M. He died July 8, 1820. his wife was Margareth Trauch, who was born in 1759, and died August 30, 1778. Both are buried at the Keller church. The grandfather of Abraham M. was Joseph, who was born in Haycock township February 14, 1777, and died May 17, 1859. He was a blacksmith by trade, and owned a small farm. By industry and economy he accumulated a good estate. He was an elder of the Keller Lutheran church. His wife was Anna Mary Applebach, who was born November 2, 1798, and died March 6, 1876. They are also buried at the Keller church, but at the new cemetery. Their oldest son, Abraham, is the father of Abraham M., and was born in Haycock, September 16, 1823. He farmed for several years in Plumstead and Bedminster, and for three years had an interest in the store at Bedminsterville, and for one year owned the whole of the capital, and afterward bought the hotel property at that place, and conducted it for ten years, when he rented it to our subject. He now lives in a fine new residence which he built opposite the hotel and store. Without early advantages, Mr. Keller has made himself honored and respected in the place where he was born and lives. He has been twice marriedó first in November, 1847, to Judith Myers, the mother of all his children, who was born February 3, 1829, and died December 23, 1880. November 26, 1881, Mr. Keller was married to Susanna, widow of Franklin Stauffer, of Springfield township. His children are: William M., Susanna M., and Amanda M., deceased; Mary, wife of Henry Deaterly, of this township; Lewis, Joseph, living in Philadelphia; Mahlon and Ira, with their brother Lewis; Catherine, wife of Harvey Shull, in Plumsteadville; and Abraham M. Our subject completed his education at the academy at North Wales, Montgomery county, and then went into a wholesale furniture house in Philadelphia as shipping clerk. A year later he returned to Bedminsterville, and engaged with his father in the feed business. In 1884 he rented the hotel which he is now successfully carrying on, ably assisted therein by his wife. November 15, 1884, he was married to Annie Nettie, daughter of John D. and Catherine Herstine, of Nockamixon township. She was born September 14, 1862. Mr. Keller is a member of the Keller Lutheran church, and his wife of St. Lukeís Reformed church in Nockamixon. They are popular with the travelling public, and keep a first-class country hotel.

LEWIS KELLER, merchant, P.O. Bedminster, oldest son of Abraham Keller, was born December 26, 1852. He worked on his fatherís farm, attending school winters, and was even then noted for the qualities which laid the foundation of his present prosperity. At the age of 17 he entered the store of J.H. Applebach & Co., his father being a member of the firm. Three years later he bought Mr. Applebachís interest, the firm being Keller & Son, the entire capital being invested by his father. Two years later his brother, Joseph M., succeeded his father, the firm being Keller & Brother. Three years later Joseph retired and Lewis took the entire business on his own hands, also buying the real estate. In 1884 he built a fine new dwelling-house, but October 2, 1886, a fire destroyed his entire buildings, dwelling, store, furniture warerooms, and all the contents except a small part of his stock. His total loss was $30,000, on which he had an insurance of $21,000. This was a crushing blow to the young merchant, but encouraged by the sympathy and substantial aid of his neighbors, he at once set to work to rebuild, and has now a four-story brick store 33 by 100 feet, all four floors being filled with goods, something rarely seen in a country store. He carries a stock of about $20,000 of goods of all kinds. The trade of the firm when he first entered it was about $12,000 per annum. He is now doing a yearly business of $60,000, a result due to his integrity, industry, and business ability. December 23, 1876, he was married to Emma J., daughter of Amos Harpel. She was born February 5, 1856. They have two children: Hiram, born August 9, 1879, and Erwin, born November 30,1882. In 1875 Mr. Keller was appointed postmaster at Bedminster. He has been elder of the Keller Lutheran church and is highly esteemed in the community.

JACOB KILMER, farmer, P.O. Bedminster, is a grandson of Henry Kilmer, who came from Germany and settled in Tinicum township, where he died. His son, Samuel, father of Jacob, was born there in 1800, and died in the house where Jacob lives in 1851, having removed there after his marriage. His wife was Mary Deaterly, who was born in this township in 1800, and is now living with her daughter Mary. Mr. Kilmer was a man of deep religious feeling, and was a member and a deacon of the Tohickon Reformed church. His children were: John, who died when a young man; Mary, wife of Abraham Gearhart, of this township; and Jacob, who was the oldest, and was born February 12, 1826. On the death of his father he took the farm which has since been his home. In 1849 he was married to Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel Fluck, ofí this township, who died in 1852, leaving two children, one of whom died a month afterward. The survivor is Melinda, wife of Wilson Fabian, of Nockamixon township. In 1853 Mr. Kilmer was married to Elizabeth, daughter of Frederick Fulmer, of Nockamixon. Their children are: Reuben F., a farmer in Haycock; Elemanda, wife of Clayton Hockman, of this township; Samuel F., in Hilltown; Wilson F., in Nockamixon; Frederick F., in Sellersville; Jacob F., who runs a creamery in this township; William F., who lives with his parents; Thomas, who farms the home place; and Mary E., living at home. Mr. Kilmer, his wife, and all of his children are members of the Tohickon Reformed Church, of which he was for seven years a deacon.

DIETRICH KNOPPEL, farmer, P.O. Ridge, is a native of Germany, and was born December 24, 1824, in Bicken, Hanover. When 20 years old he came to this country and learned the trade of a confectioner in Philadelphia. He followed that business for thirty-eight years, when he retired to a farm he had formerly owned in this township, and had sold, and in 1884 he again purchased it, and has since made it his home. November 11, 1850, he was married to Catharine Heppe, who was born in Ollendorf, Hesse Cassel, January 2, 1831. They have had eight children, of whom four died young. Those living are: John, born November 19, 1850, living with his parents; Herman, born July 8, 1855, in Philadelphia; Lena, born August 25, 1865; and Harry, April 9, 1870; the last two at home. All are unmarried. Mr. Knoppel is a man who has had an honorable record and bears an unblemished character. The whole family are members of the Keller Lutheran church, and while living in Philadelphia, Mr. Knoppel was for nine years an elder in the church to which he belonged in that city.

MARTIN LEATHERMAN, farmer, P.O. Bedminster, is a grandson of Christian Leatherman, who owned the farm of which Martin now owns half. On the half owned by Henry S. Stover he died. His son John, father of Martin, bought half from his father and in 1818 built the stone house in which he died, and in which Martin lives. He was born in 1795 and died in 1872. He was a member of the old Mennonite church and a respected man. His wife, Barbara Overholt, was born in 1799 and died in 1872. Of their seven children one died young, and another, Annie, also deceased, was the wife of Abraham Kulp. The others are:

Jacob; Mary, widow of John Detweiler; Elizabeth, wife of Joseph Overholt; Barbara, wife of Abraham K. High, all in this township; and Martin, who was born June 1, 1823, in the house in which he has ever since lived, and which, with the farm, he bought from his father. November 26, 1848, he was married to Emma, daughter of Abraham Myers. She was born April 17, 1847. They have had three children, two of whom died young. The survivor is a son, John, born July 19, 1856, who is married to Eliza, daughter of Isaac Kulp, and has two children, Annie and Harvey, and farms the home place. Like all of their ancestors they are Mennonites, and Martin has been trustee of the Old Deep Run church.

GEORGE W. LERCH, tinsmith, P.O. Bedminster, is a native of Tinicum township, where he was born March 9, 1854. His grandfather, David Lerch, was a farmer in Northampton county, where he died. His son, Samuel, father of George W., was born in Northampton county July 15, 1823, and after his marriage removed to a small farm in Tinicum township, where he still lives. His wife was Sarah, daughter of Peter Shull, of Tinicum. She died in 1867, leaving three children:

Clinton, living in Tinicum; Samuel in New Jersey; and George W. Our subject was brought up to farming, and in 1873 began learning the trade of a tinsmith in Bedminster, buying out the business four years later, and he has successfully conducted it ever since. November 1, 1879, he was married to Anna G., daughter of Elias Strouse, of Tinicum, where she was born July 31, 1859. They have had two children, Howard and Dorsey, the latter of whom died in infancy. Among the young business men of Bedminsterville Mr. Lerch stands in the front rank. He is characterized by a sturdy independence and an unfaltering uprightness. He is a member of the Reformed church and his wife of the Lutheran. In politics he is an active democrat.

JOHN A. LOUX, farmer and justice of the peace, P.O. Pipersville, is a great-grandson of Peter Loux, who came to this township in 1737, buying a tract of 170 acres on the Deep run. His son John, grandfather of John A., was born there in 1756. Fifteen years after his marriage he bought a farm in Plumstead township, where he lived until his death in 1820. He was twice married. His first wife was a Rosenberger, who was the widow of Henry Leatherman, who died comparatively young, leaving four children: John, Peter, Abraham and Catherine. His second wife was a Wisner and the widow of an Augeney. She had one son, Moses. The father of John A. was Peter, who was born in this township and afterward bought the Plumstead farm, where he died July 24, 1871, aged 85 years. He was a man of quiet disposition, sober, honest and industrious, and a member of the Old Deep Run Mennonite church. He also was married twice. His first wife was Rebecca Atherholt, of New Britain township, who died in September, 1834, aged less than 40. The second wife was Anna Overholt, of this township, now living on the old home where her only child, Mary, wife of Enos Huntsberger, also lives. The children of the first wile were Anna, who died young ; Samuel, who was accidentally shot in 1847 while hunting in New Jersey; Christian, living in New Britain; and John A., who was the oldest and was born November 19, 1815. He learned the trade of a carpenter, at which he worked for six years, when he went into the mercantile business in Dublin, this township, and five years later sold out and removed to Pipersville, where he was in business for five years. In 1849 he sold out and retired to the farm where he now lives. In 1845 he took up the business of surveying, which he followed actively for many years, and he still occasionally works at it. He has been twice married; first May 30, 1841, to Hannah, daughter of Leonard Jacoby, of Hilltown. She was born December 5, 1820, and died March 19, 1844, leaving one child, Amanda, now deceased, who was the wife of John F. Raus. February 1, 1848, Mr. Loux was again married, to Rachel, daughter of John High, of Berks county. She was born February 1, 1826. They have had two children William, who died young, and Emeline, who is the wife of Daniel F. Bennett, of Shawneetown, Monroe county. Mr. Loux has been a prominent and busy man in the community, he has been county auditor and is the oldest justice of the peace in the county, in length of continuous service, being now in his forty-third year. The estimation in which he is held is shown by his repeated re-elections in a democratic township, he being a republican. He is an honest and conscientious man and a god Citizen.

JONAS S. LOUX, farmer, P.O. Bedminster, is a native of Tinicum township, and a grandson of Jacob Loux, who lived near Pipersville, and died about forty years ago. Martin, the father of Jonas S., was born in 1795. For several years he kept a store at Pipersville. He afterward kept the hotel on the Ridge for two or three years, then bought a farm in Tinicum on which he lived twenty-eight years, dying in 1858. He was a man of great popularity, and in the latter years of his life joined the Reformed church of Lower Tinicum, in which he was choir leader for many years. His wife, Sarah Smith, was born in Springfield township in 1801 and died in 1863. They had ten children, five of whom are living: Jonas, Ephraim, Catherine, Lavina, and Eliza. Jonas was born in Tinicum, January 16, 1839. On his marriage he removed to Springfield township, from which place, in October, 1862, he entered the Union army, in the 174th Regiment, P.V. He was mustered out August 7, 1863, and in the following March bought his present home and removed to it. January 26, 1861, he was married to Mary, daughter of Isaac Fretz, of Tinicum, where she was born in 1842. They have three children: Harvey F., married to Lizzie, daughter of Charles Fox, of Tinicum, where he lives; E. Lincoln, who is a successful teacher; and Flora. Mr. Loux is a man of good plain common sense, a good farmer, and an honest man. He and all of his family are members of the Reformed church, of which he was for seven years an elder. In politics he is a republican.

JOHN McKNIGHT, farmer, P.O. Ridge, is a native of Ireland, and was born in County Derry, May 17, 1829. He was brought to this country when but an infant. He is a son of John and Mary Ann (White) McKnight. The parents located in Philadelphia, where they remained three years, when his father bought a large farm in Slippery Rock township, Butler county, where he died about fifteen years ago, at the age of 77. His widow still lives there and is 81 years old. Their children are: Ann; William, who owns the old home; Robert, who owns a part of the original tract; James and Sarah, who also live in Butler county; Thomas, who lives in Oil City; and John, who was the oldest son. When of age he returned to Philadelphia, where he worked in the drug house of old Doctor Jayne for two years, then after his marriage returned to Butler county, living on a part of the farm which he got from his father. This he subsequently sold, going back to Philadelphia, and in 1874 bought the farm which has since been his home. August 12, 1852, he was married to Annie, daughter of Samuel and Sarah McCain, then of Philadelphia. She was born in Ireland, October 25, 1826, and was 18 years old when she came to this country. Their children are: Annie, wife of William Glenn, an engineer in Philadelphia; John, married to Mary Elizabeth Rogers, employed in the carpet department of Wanamakerís store, Philadelphia; Alice, wife of William Henry Crock, who is in the produce business in Philadelphia; William Grant, who lives with his parents; and Isabella, who died in childhood. Nr. and Mrs. McKnight still keep their membership in the Fourth United Presbyterian church at Philadelphia, with which they have been connected for many years. He is said by his neighbors to be a strictly honorable and upright man.

ISAAC MEYER, pastor of the Deep Run Mennonite church, P.O. Pipersville, is a grandson of Christian Meyer, a resident of Sulford township, Montgomery county, and of Christian Fretz, a well-known resident of this township. Christian Meyer and wife both died in Sulford township. Their son, Abraham, father of Isaac, was born April 21, 1784, was married November 21, 1809, and died August 25, 1822. His wife was Elizabeth Fretz, born in this township, October 20, 1780, and died February 29, 1828. He was a mason by trade, but after his marriage bought a farm of 100 acres in Sulford, on which he lived until his death. He was a member of the Franconia Mennonite church, and a man of excellent repute, having the respect and esteem of his neighbors. He had three sons and four daughters. Two of the latter died in infancy, and another, Mary, who was the wife of Enos Huntsberger, at the age of 68; and a son, Christian, at the age of 61. The survivors are: Abraham F., a farmer and minister of the Hilltown Mennonite church; Annie, wife of Issac Kulp, also in Hilltown; and Isaac, who is the oldest of the survivors and was born September 1, 1812. He learned the trade of a blacksmith, and on his motherís death, when he was 16 years old, came to Bedminster township. He worked at his trade until his marriage, when he bought the farm now owned by his oldest son, since selling which he has had no occupation except his duties as minister. June 12, 1843, he was ordained to the ministry, and has ever since preached at the Old Deep Run church,a record of forty-four years in his Masterís service. October 6, 1833, he was married to Elizabeth, daughter of Philip Kratz, of this township, who was born August 24, 1826, and who died December 25, 1882. They had twelve children; six are deceased: Enos died at the age of 7 months; Tillman, at the age of 11 years; Hanna, at the age of 7; Sarah, at the age of 18; Mahlon, at the age of 42 and a daughter, wife of Henry Wisler, at the age of 32. The survivors are: Abraham K., who lives on the home farm; Isaac, a carpenter and undertaker in Plumsteadville; Christian, a carpenter in Fountainville; Annie, wife of William Rush, of this township; Elizabeth, wife of Lewis Myers, in Plumstead; and Rachel, wife of Jonas Mill, of this township. December 20, 1885, Mr. Meyer was married to Susanna, widow of Jacob Leatherman, of Plumstead, whose maiden name was Minninger, and who was born in Richland township, this county, December 25, 1822. Mr. Meyer has given many of his best years to the preaching of the gospel, and is an earnest and devoted minister. He has the love and respect, not only of his own congregation, but of all Christian people who know him.

ABRAHAM K. MEYER, farmer, P.O. Dublin, is the oldest living son of Rev. Isaac Meyer, under whose name is given the family history. The subject of this sketch was born in this township, near Pipersville, February 23, 1836. He worked for his father until he was 19 years old, when he began learning the trade of a carpenter, at which he worked for sixteen years, when he bought his fatherís farm, which he has since conducted. He was married January 23, 1863, to Sophia, daughter of Christian S. Myers, of this township. She was born May 15, 1844. They have four children: Tillman, who was born December 10, 1865; Lydia, born October 14, 1869; Edwin M., born November 20, 1873; and Abraham, born March 5, 1880; all of whom live with their parents. Mr. Meyer has never held nor desired public office, but has always been a hard-working, industrious man. Like their ancestors both he and his wife are members of the Old Deep Run Mennonite church.

OLIVER K. MEYERS, farmer, P.O. Bedminster, is a son of Ephraim Meyers, who was born in Tinicum township, March 30, 1813, and died March 26, 1853, and Mary Keeler, his wife, who was born in the same township, October 17, 1813, and died April 17, 1884. Ephraim Meyers lived with his father until the latter died. He was married September 8, 1843, when he bought the farm on which Oliver K. now lives, where he passed a life of industry and integrity. Oliver K. was his only child, and was born in Tinicum, January 16, 1844. His father died when he was but 9 years old, and when he was 20 he went to Hilltown. His mother marrying again he bought the home farm, on which he has ever since lived. August 5, 1865, he was married to Mary Jane, daughter of Reuben Stever, now of Dublin, in this township. She was born in Monroe county, July 2, 1849. To their union six children have been born: Emma Jane, wife of George Ott; Anna Maria, wife of Abraham Swartley; David S., who died in childhood; Sarah Ellen, Lambert S., and Thaddeus S., who live with their parents. Mr. Meyers is regarded by all who know him as a man of probity and honor. He is a member of Doylestown Lodge, No. 94, I.O.O.F., and he and his wife are members of the Tohickon Reformed church.

REUBEN MILLER, farmer, P.O. Bedminster, is a grandson of Jacob Miller, who was a resident of Tinicum township. He died there about twenty years ago, aged 73. His wife was Barbara Huffman, who died in 1872, aged 75. Their son, William, was father of Reuben, and was born on the place where his father died, February 17, 1818, and is now living in Bedminster. His wife was Anna Maria Welder, who was born August 20, 1820, and died at the place named. Their children were: Henry, Sarah, and Sylvester, deceased; Barbara Ann, wife of Reuben Fluck, of this township; Mary Amanda, wife ofí Abraham Leatherman, also of this township; Leanna, wife of Joseph Keller, in Philadelphia; William W., in Doylestown township; Jordan, on the homestead; Emma J., wife of Abraham Wisler, of Rockhill; Minerva, wife of Henry Keeler, in Hilltown; and Reuben, who was born October 25, 1848. He lived on the home place until 1884, when he bought and removed to the farm where he now lives. September 19, 1874, he was married to Amanda, daughter of Joseph and Mary Hockman, of this township. She was born February 6, 1854. To their union four children have been born: Harvey, who died in infancy; Estella, Mary, Amanda, and Jonas Warren. Mr. Miller is a member of the Keller Reformed church, and his wife of the Second Deep Run Mennonite church, and he is regarded by his neighbors as a man of probity and sterling character.

JACOB D. MITTMAN, farmer, P.O. Tohickon, is a grandson of Conrad Mittman, who owned and died on the place where Jacob D. now lives, and which has been in the family name for 150 years. His son, Jacob, was father of our subject. He was born on this farm in 1800, lived here all his life, and died in 1872 in his 73d year. He was a man of good repute, and a member of the Tohickon Reformed church. His wife, Susannah, daughter of Michael Deaterly, of this township, died more than thirty years ago. Their children were: Lydia Ann and Eliza, deceased; Tobias, who lives in Quakertown; Levi and Noah, in Bethlehem; Susannah, wife of William Hartman, in Haycock; and Jacob D., who was born September 30, 1838, on the place where he now lives. He worked as a mason for four years, when he began farming on a place in this township where he stayed eleven years, when he inherited the home farm where he has since lived. He has been twice married, his first wife being Sarah Deaterly, who was born December 26, 1834, and died March 27, 1865, leaving one child, Livy, who was born August 8, 1864, and is the wife of Milton H. Snyder, of Hilltown. February 2, 1867, Mr. Nittman was married to Sarah, daughter ofí George King, of Tinicum. She was born March 25, 1835. To their union live children were born: Anna Margaret, Abby, Reuben K., and Erwin, who live with their parents; and Oscar, who died young. Mr. Mittman is a man of excellent reputation, and is a member of the Tohickon Reformed church. His wife belongs to the Keller Lutheran church.

D.P. MOYER, physician, P.O. Dublin, was born in Montgomery county, this state, March 4, 1847. His parents, Jacob D. and Chiristiana (Price) Moyer, were natives of Montgomery county, where they were married and remained until the death of the father. Mrs. Moyer is still living and resides on the old homestead. Doctor Moyer received an academic education in the Freeland Seminary, now called Ursinus College, and in 1869 he commenced a course of medicine in the University of Pennsylvania. Graduating in 1872, he soon after located in Dublin and began practice here which he has ever since continued. He was united in marriage December 5, 1872, with Ella E., daughter of William H. and Christiana (Cope) Bush, who are now residents of Quakertown, Pa.; Ella E. was born June 19, 1850. The doctor and his wife are the parents of three children: Isabella B., Christine B., and Edith May. Mrs. Moyer is a member of the Lutheran church. The doctor is a member of the Improved Order of Red Men.

HENRY C. MOYER, proprietor of creamery, P.O. Bedminster, is a grandson of Abraham Moyer, who died in Hilltown about forty years ago at the age of 70 years. He had fourteen children, of whom five are yet living: Henry B., a minister in Hilltown; John B., living in Michigan; Abraham, living in Illinois; Mary, in Indiana; and Elizabeth, in Hilltown. Samuel, father of Henry O., was born in Hilltown in 1815 and died there in 1852. He was a farmer and was noted for raising and training fast horses, having at one time the fastest horse in the county, which he sold nearly forty years ago for $325ó a great price at that time. He was a member of the Mennonite church, and a good man. His wife was Hannah Oberholtzer, who is now living with our subject at the age of 68 years. They had six children: Isaac, Enos, Abraham, and Mary Ann, deceased; Samuel, living in Hilltown, and Henry O., who was born in Hilltown November 27, 1845. When 16 years old he began working at the blacksmithís trade, and continued for ten years. He afterward engaged for five years in butchering, and two years in brick manufacturing. He then built the Bedminster creamery, which he has since successfully conducted. He has handled as high as 18,000 pounds of milk in a day, his average being about 12,000. The creamery has been a great benefit to the farming community of this section. October 6, 1886, Mr. Moyer was married to Sarah Jane, daughter of Henry A. Moyer. She was born October 15, 1845, in Hilltown. They have seven children: Theodore M., Ida Jane, Hannah M., Henry Clinton, Samuel Linford, Sarah Alice, and Florence Mabel. Mr. Moyer is regarded as a leading man in Bedminster, his judgment, honesty, and straight dealing winning for him the confidence of the people. He and his wife are members of the Dublin Reformed church.

ISAAC S. MOYER, farmer, P.O. Bedminster, is a grandson of Jacob Moyer, who lived near Dublin, in this township. He died nearly sixty years ago, and was blind for nine years before his death. His son, William, was the father of Isaac S. He was born on the farm near Dublin, and lived there all his life, dying at the age of 68. He was a good man and was a member of the Old Deep Run Mennonite church. His wife, Sarah Stout, survived him many years. They had fourteen children, of whom ten lived to maturity. Those now hiving are: Abraham S., who is on the home farm; William S., living near there; Samuel, in Dublin; and Isaac S., who was born April 28, 1819. After his marriage he farmed the home place for three years, then removed to his present place, which was then owned by his wifeís father, and which he afterward bought. December 16, 1848, he was married to Catharine, daughter of Abraham Moyer. She was born May 12, 1828, in the house which has always been her home, and in which her father and grandfather had lived and died. They had ten children, of whom three died young, Abraham died at the age of twenty-nine, and Isaac at twenty-three. Those living are: Sarah, wife of Reuben F. High, of Plumstead township; Catharine, wife of Albert F. Myers, of Perkasie; Lizzie, wife of Dr. Brumbaugh, of Pipersville; and William and Tillman, who are living with their parents. Mr. Moyer is an industrious man, has always attended closely to his business, and bears a high character for integrity. He and his wife are members of the Old Deep Run Mennonite church.

AARON F. MYERS, farmer, P.O. Bedminster, is a grandson of Henry Myers, a farmer and mason of Plumstead township, where he died forty-three years ago. His wife, Elizabeth Fretz, died in 1865. Their children were: Henry F. and John F., living in Plumstead; Reuben F., Joseph F., William F., Barbara, Catharine, and Annie, deceased. The father of our subject, Joseph F., was born in Plumstead in 1812. He was a mason and farmer. Forty years ago he quit his trade, farming solely thereafter. In 1844 he bought the farm now owned by Aaron, where he died May 12, 1882. When he bought the farm a large part of it was uncleared, and the only buildings on it were an old log cabin and an old wagon-house. He put up the fine buildings now on it and cleared the land. His wife was Barbara, daughter of Abraham Fretz, of this township. She died January 8, 1884, in her 72d year. Of their children Enos, Mahlon, Mary Ann, Susannah, and an infant are deceased; Henry F. lives in Tinicum; Abraham F., in this township; and Aaron F., who was born July 10, 1846. When 18 years old he began teaching, which he followed for five years. After his marriage he rented a place in this township for a year, when he bought a farm in New Britain, which he sold ten years later, returning to the home place, which he bought on the death of his father two years afterward. May 1, 1869, he was married to Lydia, daughter of Henry Moyer, of Lehigh county. She was born February 7, 1845. They have had nine children, of whom Barbara, Susanna, and Henry are deceased; and Oscar M., Joseph M., Titus M., Pierson M., Isaiah M., and Levinas M. are at home. Mr. Myers has the confidence of those who know him, for a thoroughly honest and reliable man. He is a member and a trustee of the Second Deep Run Mennonite church.

ABRAHAM F. MYERS, farmer, P.O. Hagersville, is a grandson of Henry Myers, who was born, lived, and died in Plumstead township, near Smithís corners. He was both a mason and a farmer. He died nearly forty years ago. His son, Joseph F., was father of our subject. He was born in Plumstead and was also a mason and a farmer. In 1845 he came to Bedminster, living on the farm now owned by his son, Aaron F., until his death in 1883, when he was 71 years old. He was a member and a trustee of the Second Deep Run Mennonite church, and had the confidence of his fellow-men. His wife was Barbara, daughter of Abram Fretz, of this township. She died in 1885, in her 72d year. Their children were: Susanna, Enos, Mahlon, Mary Ann, and an infant, deceased; and Henry F., in Tinicum; Aaron F., in this township; and Abraham F., who was born in Plumstead October 12, 1842. In 1872 he began for himself on the home farm, where he stayed until 1881, when he bought the farm near Hagersville, which has since been his home. November 18, 1871, lie was married to Susanna, daughter of John High, of Plumstead. She was born in 1849, and died October 13, 1883. She had three children: Anna Belle, who died in infancy; and Clara and Josephine, hiving with their father. Mr. Myers bears an excellent reputation for probity and straightforward conduct. Like all of his ancestors he is a Mennonite, and is a member of the Deep Run church.

ABRAHAM O. MYERS, dealer in stock, P.O. Dublin, is a grandson of John Myers, who was a school-teacher in Plumstead township for many years, and died there about twenty years ago. His wife, Elizabeth, died many years before him. Their son, Samuel, was the father of Abraham O. He was born in Plumstead and learned the trade of a carpenter, which he followed until a short time before his death. He also owned a farm there. He was an upright man, of excellent reputation, and a member of the Old Deep Run Mennonite church. He died October 29, 1882, aged 59 years. His wife, Annie, was a daughter of Jacob Overholt, of Bedminster township. She is now living in New Britain township with her daughter, Mary Ann. Their children were: Henry, Hannah, Annie, and an infant, deceased; and Mary Ann, wife of Isaac Johnson, living in New Britain township; Lizzie, wife of Watson Michener, in Plumstead township; and Abraham O., who was the fourth child, and was born in Plumstead June 8, 1857. He worked for his father until he was of age and then embarked in the business he is now following, dealing in horses, cattle, calves, poultry, and stock of all kinds. He first settled in Tinicum township, then went back to Plumstead, and from there removed to his present residence in this township. February 17, 1879, he was married to Charlotte, daughter of William Buehrle. She was born in Tinicum township. They have three children: Grace, Annie, and William Henry. Mr. Myers is a driving, energetic young man of good habits, and is bound to succeed. He and his wife are both members of the Old Deep Run Mennonite church.

CHRISTIAN M. MYERS, roller flour manufacturer, P.O. Pipersville, is a great-grandson of John Myers, a former resident of this township, who, on November 27, 1762, bought a tract of land in Plumstead township, where he died. His son, Christian, was the father of Samuel, who was the father of Christian M. Samuel was born on the Plumstead home, where the fourth generation is now living, in 1805, and died there in 1879. He was a farmer and a man of quiet, reserved disposition, who never pushed himself forward, was temperate in everything, and reared his family in habits that insured their prosperity, and educated them as well as possible in the schools of the day. He was a member of the Old Deep Run Mennonite church, and never held or desired office. His wife, Susanna, daughter of Jacob Nash, of Tinicum, is now living on the old home. They had eight children: Hannah, who died in childhood; Jacob, living in New Britain township; Tobias N., in Doylestown township; Amos, on the old homestead; Elizabeth, who died in January, 1862, aged 19; Anna, widow of David B. Kratz, living in Lansdale, Montgomery county; Charles in Hatfield, Montgomery county; and Christian M., who was next to Tobias, and was born April 29, 1841. He was brought up on the farm and after his marriage engaged in the milling business at the old "Stover Mill" where he now is, and which is owned by his wifeís father, and has been in the Stover name for over one hundred years. January 7, 1863, he was married to Eliza B., daughter of Samuel Stover, who was born on the place where they now live February 22, 1844. They have three children, all of whom make their home with their parents. They are: Samuel Horace, now attending Lafayette College, at Easton, and who will graduate in 1888; Hugh Ely, preparing for college; and Ira Stover, attending school. Mr. and Mrs. Myers recognize the value of education, and intend giving their children all the advantages possible. Mr. Myers is a man of positive convictions and believes in saying and doing just what he thinks right. He is universally recognized as an upright man and a good citizen, though reserved in disposition; an earnest advocate of the temperance cause, and gives his time and means to promote Sunday school work and other charities.

WILLIAM S. NICHOLAS, veterinary surgeon, P.O. Bedminster, is a great-grandson of Jacob Nicholas, born January 3, 1750, and died January 13, 1837. his wife, Elizabeth Barbara Brey, was born May 1, 1752, and died February 13, 1837. They were residents of Haycock. He lost one of his legs by accident, but lived many years thereafter a useful man. His son, John Peter Nicholas, was born June 1, 1795, and died March 26, 1876. He was grandfather of William S. and was a farmer and weaver. His wife, Elizabeth Helmer, was born September 8, 1796, and died February 26, 1858. Their son, Josiah F., was the father of the subject of this sketch. He was born in Tinicum November 6, 1823, and now lives in Haycock. He is also a veterinary surgeon, having practised that profession for thirty-five years. He has virtually given up practice, though he occasionally responds to the calls of his neighbors. He is a man of good character and reputation, a member of the Keller Lutheran church, and at one time deacon. His wife was Sarah Shives, born December 9, 1829, and died October 26, 1880. Their children were: Pierson and an infant, deceased; Mary Catharine, wife of Abraham Althouse, in Haycock township; Lizzie, wife of Mahlon Durn, in Philadelphia; Mahlon, in Quakertown; Ella, wife of Abraham K. Hess, in Haycock; Amandus, in Perkasie; Emma, Adaline, Clara, and Harvey, with their father; and William S., who was born in Haycock township July 30, 1857. When 21 years old he went to Kutztown Normal school to complete his education, after which he taught for two terms, and in 1882 went to the Columbia Veterinary College and School of Comparative Medicine in New York city, from which he was graduated in 1884. He then practised in his fatherís office for a year, and on his marriage removed to his wifeís fatherís house. There he stayed for nineteen months and then, his wife having died, he removed to Bedminsterville. February 12, 1885, he was married to Euphemia, daughter of Josiah and Elizabeth Mickley, who was born March 9, 1864, and died March 7, 1886, leaving one child, named for the mother. Dr. Nicholas has the advantage of a thorough training in one of the best veterinary colleges in the country and is very successful, having a large and growing practice.

NOAH S. NONEMAKER, physician, P.O. Bedminster, is a great-grandson of Adam Nonemaker, a native of this county and of foreign parentage. He was born April 21, 1759, lived in Hilltown township, died August 28, 1843, and is buried at the Tohickon Church burying-ground. He was a farmer all his lifetime. His wife was Barbara Kramer, born March 5, 1763, died April 27, 1821. Their son, Henry, grandfather of Noah S., was born in Hilltown township July 31, 1786, and died in this township September 16, 1871. He carried on for many years the business of undertaker and cabinetmaker in Bedminster. He, with all of this family, was noted for his skill as a worker in woodó a trait possessed to this day in a marked degree by his descendants. His wife was Elizabeth Rosenberger, born November 25, 1785, died in this township April 7, 1845. They had four sons and three daughters. Of these Charles and Henry are now living in this township; and Maria, widow of Peter Stout, is in Quakertown. Those deceased were: Elias, Rebecca, Elizabeth, and Aaron. The latter was the father of Noah S. and was born in Rockhill township June 26, 1814. He was brought up to farming, and for fourteen years after his marriage farmed the home place in this township, and then bought a small place near Perkasie, where he lived for nearly thirty years, dying there March 17, 1885. He was an honest and upright man, and, though without education, enjoyed the confidence and respect of the entire community. His wife was Anna Shutt, of Horsham township, Montgomery county. She was born March 5, 1815, and is now living at Perkasie. Their children are: Deborah, widow of Charles Wise, living in Perkasie; Elizabeth, deceased; Jacob, in Delaware; and Noah S., who was born March 23, 1854. In youth he worked at farming, attending district school until he was 13 years old, then engaged in mechanical pursuits for ten years. He was a great reader and student, and while working close by Doylestown attracted the attention of Dr. F. Swartzlander, who enabled him to satisfy his love for the study of medicine, and while continuing to work industriously he began reading for the profession under the doctorís instruction, and began his collegiate course in 1877, graduating from Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, in 1879. He at once came to Bedminster, where he has built up a large practice. March 15, 1883, he was married to Lizzie, daughter of Abraham Bean, of Sellersville. She was born September 8, 1857. They have three children: Annie Lucretia, Edgar Vasco, and Claudius Howard. Dr. Nonemaker is emphatically a self-made man. Starting in life without advantages of any kind, supporting himself by industrious work in the daytime and assiduous study at night, with rare energy and perseverance and indomitable courage he has become a well-read, successful, and honored member of an honored profession.

BENJAMIN OTT, farmer, P.O. Ridge, is a grandson of Peter Ott, who was born, lived, and died about seventy years ago in this township. He was twice married, and had a numerous family, none of whom are living. His son, George, was father of Benjamin. He was a farmer, and on his marriage began for himself on a place near by. He died while with a daughter in Rockhill, in February, 1878, aged 82. His wife was Mary Jacoby, who was born in Haycock, and died on the farm in this township, in September, 1875, aged 73. Their children were: Catherine, Peter, Thomas, and Sarah, deceased; Jacoby, in Hatfield, Montgomery county; Daniel, on the old home; Mary, wife of Isaac Fluck, of Rockhill township; and Benjamin, who was born October 26, 1832. He worked at harness-making for four years, and on his marriage began for himself; buying his present home two years later. November 23, 1856, he was married to Susannah, daughter of Thomas Kramer, of this township. She was born February 17, 1839. To their union six children have been born: Wilson K. and Thomas, deceased; and Mary Elizabeth, Hannah Etta, Quintes, and Ida, living at home. Wilson K. was a well-educated young man. He taught school two terms in this township, and he afterward came home from Millersville school, was taken sick, and died at home September 3, 1878. Mr. Ott is an industrious, hard-working farmer, whose character for probity stands as high as that of any man in the community. He is a member of the Tohickon Reformed church, and his wife of the Lutheran church.

AARON M. RICKERT, farmer, P.O. Dublin, is a grandson of Daniel Rickert, who came from Hilitown in 1836, and bought the place now owned by the subject of this sketch. About ten years later he removed to the farm across the road, which is now owned by his son Isaac. He died March 7, 1869. His wife was Elizabeth Kulp, who died several years before him. They had three sons, namely: Isaac and Jacob (dealer in coal, lumber, feed, etc., in Weissport, Carbon county, Pa.), and Daniel K., who is now living on a farm adjacent. Daniel K. is the father of Aaron M., and was born September 15, 1825. He was married in 1850 to Hannah, daughter of John O. Moyer. She was born in May, 1826. Mr. Rickert is a member of the Second Deep Run Mennonite church, of which he is also a trustee. Their children were: Eliza, Lydia Ann, Sophia, and Susanna, deceased; and Katie, wife of William K. Powell, of Danborough, this county; and Aaron M., who was born in 1852, and has lived on the place of his birth all his life. On his marriage his father rented the homestead to him, and removed to his present home. In 1872 Aaron M. was married to Catherine L. Sell, of Milford township, who was born in 1851. Their children are: Lillie Jane, Hannah Louisa, Daniel S., Barbara Ellen, Peter, Menno, and Katie May. Mr. Rickert is a man of high character and good standing. Like his ancestors he is a Mennonite, and is a deacon of the Second Deep Run church. Isaac Rickert was married to Anna Stauffer, of Milford township. They had five children: Sarah, deceased; Anna, Lizzie, Daniel, and Amanda, who are still living with their parents, and are members of the Second Deep Run Mennonite church. Jacob Rickert has two sons: Hiram and Daniel, who are assisting him in his business. He is a man of good standing, and a member of the Evangelical church.

JACOB D. ROSENBERGER, farmer, P.O. Dublin, comes of a family that have long resided in Bucks county. His grandfather, Benjamin, was a miller and farmer near Perkasie. His wife was a Nash. Both have been dead many years. Their son, Jacob, was father of our subject, and was born in Rockhill, February 12, 1799, and died where Jacob D. now lives, March 10, 1883. He was a farmer, first in New Britain, then in Tinicum, and in 1848 bought the place where he died. He was a hard-working, sober man, of good repute. He was twice married, his first wife being Elizabeth, daughter of Jacob Detweiler, of New Britain township. She was born August 6, 1801, and died February 22, 1839. His second wife was Mary, daughter of Isaac Kulp. She was born May 28, 1803, and died here August 4, 1878. The children, all by the first wife, were: Mary and Enos, deceased; John D., living in Hilltown township; Joseph D., in Rockhiill; and Jacob D., who was born in Tinicum, December 20, 1833. He learned the trade of shoemaking, at which he worked for ten years, when he began farming for his father on the home farm. He left there and was away five years, when he returned, and has ever since lived there. October 31, 1857, he was married to Hannah, daughter of Daniel Barnes, of New Britain township. She was born December 3, 1838. They have had ten children: Daniel B., living in Plumstead; Mary B., a twin sister, wife of Frank B. Snavely, in Illinois; Isaiah, also in Illinois; Elizabeth B., Emma B., John Henry, Amanda Magdalena, Fanny B., William Fretz B., and Annetta B., with their parents. Besides being a farmer, Mr. Rosenberger is a dealer in agricultural machinery. He is an industrious man of excellent character. Like their ancestors he and his wife are Mennonites, members of the Second Deep Run church, of which he is a trustee.

GIDEON S. ROSENBERGER, farmer, P.O. Ridge, is a nephew of Jacob D. Rosenberger, of this township, under whose name is given a sketch of the older branches of this old family. The father of Gideon S. was John D., who was the oldest son of Jacob, and who was born July 8, 1826. He was a farmer as long as he was engaged in any occupation, and is now living retired in Hilltown township. He bought the farm where he now lives twenty-two years ago. He has always been a temperate, industrious man, and by his correct conduct has acquired the confidence of those who know him. He is a member of the Tohickon Reformed church of which he has been deacon. He has been twice married. His first wife was Catherine Stover, of this township, who was born September 2, 1828, and died September 5, 1882. His second wife was Mary Krout, of New Britain. His children, all by his first wife, are: Mary Lizzie, wife of Henry Schull, living in Montgomery county; Amanda, wife of Dr. N.C.E. Guth, in Monroe county; Jacob, in New Britain township; and Gideon S., who was the second, and was born December 18, 1850. He followed milling for eight years, and on his marriage rented his fatherís farm in Hilltown for a year, when he bought his present home. January 8, 1880. He was married to Addie, daughter of Joseph S. Funk, now of this township. She was born January 28, 1860. They have two children living: Joseph Funk and Minnie Catherine; and one who died in infancy, John Herbert. Mr. Rosenberger is a highly esteemed citizen of the township. He is a director of the Dublin Creamery Company, takes a warm interest in educational matters, and is a member of the school board. He is a member of the Tohickon Reformed church, and has been superintendent of the Sabbath school. His wife is a member of the Lutheran church of the same place.

CHARLES SCHEETZ, farmer and justice of the peace, P.O. Kellerís Church, is a grandson of Conrad Scheetz, who came from Germany and settled in Philadelphia, whence he went to Germantown, but later returned to the former place, where he died. His wife survived him many years, dying at an extreme old age. Their son George was father of Charles. He was born in Germantown December 12, 1785, and died September 17, 1863, in the house opposite to where his son Charles now lives. He was a hatter by trade, but became a teacher and removed to this township, living at Kellerís Church for forty-five years. The older residents here still speak in the highest terms of his excellent qualities as a teacher. For twenty years before his death he was a member of the German Reformed church, and for several years was a deacon. His wife, Hester Fluck, was born March 6, 1792, and died April 7, 1875. Of their children, William and Edwin live in Quakertown; Francis in Norristown; Reuben F. and Albert F. in Doylestown; Eliza, wife of Aaron Fulmer, and Jacob in this township; Samuel F. in Richland township; and Charles, who was born January 17, 1823. He was brought up to mercantile pursuits, in which he spent forty-five years, the last twenty-eight in the store at Kellerís Church, now conducted by his son, J. Edwin. When the Kellerís Church post-office was established, he was appointed postmaster, which position he still holds. On retiring from the mercantile business Mr. Scheetz became a farmer. In 1868 he was elected justice of the peace, and has held the office ever since, being now in his nineteenth consecutive year. October 12, 1851, he was married to Magdalena, daughter of John Hager, of Nockamixon. She was born December 1, 1829. They have had eight children: Vestilla, wife of C.Y. Apple, of Haycock township; Grier, in Perkasie; Horace, in Norristown; George, in Haycock; Iron, in St. Louis; J. Edwin, at Kellerís Church; Charles with his brother, J. Edwin; and Laura, living with her parents. Mr. and Mrs. Scheetz are members of the German Reformed church, and Mr. Scheetz is universally esteemed as a man of sobriety and a good citizen.

J. EDWIN SCHEETZ, merchant, P.O. Kellerís Church, is a son of Charles Scheetz. He was born July 6, 1864, in the house where his father now lives, and which was his home until his marriage. After having obtained a good district school education he attended the State Normal school at West Chester, on leaving which he went into the store of his brother, Grier, at Perkasie. A year later he returned to Kellerís Church, clerking for three years for his brother George, who had succeeded his brother Grier who succeeded his father in the store there. At the end of this time he bought out his brother and now owns the business. January 29, 1887, he was married to Rosa, daughter of William Buehrle of this township. She was born November 13, 1865. In February, 1887, Mr. Scheetz was appointed assistant postmaster under his father and does all the business of the office except that actually imposed on the postmaster personally by law. He is one of the younger merchants of the township, and one of the most enterprising and energetic. By industry, intelligence, and close attention he has built up and maintains a flourishing trade. He and his wife are members of the German Reformed church. He takes a considerable interest in public matters, and in politics is a democrat. He is a member of the I.O.R.M.

CHARLES F. SIDDONS, farmer, P.O. Ridge, is of English extraction, both his parents having been born there. He was born in France. His father died in England and his mother in Amiens, France, in 1878. Charles F. was born at Calais, June 24, 1820, and learned the trade of lace-making, weaving, and stocking-making, at which he worked in France and subsequently for five years in England, where he had gone in 1840. He came to this country in 1846, settling in Germantown, where he worked at his trade for one firm nearly forty years. In 1865 he bought a farm in Montgomery county, and made it his home for three years, his son carrying it on while he continued at his trade. In 1868 he bought his present farm, with the same arrangement, but in 1885 retired permanently to his farm. In 1844 he was married in Leicester, England, to Caroline Wood, a native of that place. She was born May 18, 1821. They have had eight children, three of whom died in infancy, and a son, John Henry, when 28 years of age and unmarried. Those living are: Eliza, wife of James Service, of this township; Harriet, wife of F.J. Parker, in Montgomery county; Joseph Benjamin, who married in England and is living there in Nottingham; and Francis William, single, who lives on the farm. Mr. Siddons stands very high in the estimation of those who know him. He is a member of Walker Lodge, No. 306, I.O.O.F., of Germantown, in which he has passed all the chairs. He and his wife are members of the Deep Run Presbyterian church.

JOSEPH SINE, farmer, P.O. Bedminster, is a grandson of Henry Sine, whose father came from Germany. Henry was born in this county and in his later years was a resident of this township. His son, John, was the father of Joseph and was born here. He was a weaver by trade and died in Hilltown township in 1861. His wife was Magdalena Garis, who died in 1858. Their children were: Charles, who died young; Samuel, now living in this township; John, in Hilltown; Elias, in Bedminster; Catherine, wife of John Dennison, near Willow Grove, Montgomery county; and Joseph, who was the youngest of the sons, and was born September 24, 121. When 20 years old he learned the trade of a weaver, which he followed for fifteen years, after which he rented a farm for a year where he now lives, having bought the property in 1859. He has been twice married, his first wife being Leanna Kline, to whom he was married in 1841. She was born in Lehigh county, and died May 28, 1885. January 23, 1887, he was married to Amanda, widow of Michael Kulp, whose maiden name was Dexter. The children, all by the first marriage, are: Elizabeth, Amanda, and Joseph, deceased; Franklin, a farmer in this township; Edwin, living with his father; Darius, in Haycock township; Sarah, wife of John M. Gruver, of this township; Missouri, wife of Levi Roth, of Bedminster; and Justina, married to Peter S. Solliday, who farms her fatherís place. Mr. Sine is a member of the Tohickon Reformed church, of which he has been both deacon and elder. He is essentially a self-made man. Starting in life without any advantages, he has made for himself a competence and an honorable name, and has gained the confidence and respect of his fellow-men.

JACOB SLOTTER, farmer, P.O. Bedminster, is a grandson of Anthony Slotter, who came from Germany and settled on the farm in this township now owned by Jacob and occupied by his son-in-law, M. Crouthamel. He had two children: a daughter and a son, Anthony, who was father of Jacob. He was born, lived, and died on that farm. He died in 1825. He was an upright man and a respected citizen, and was a member of the Tohickon Lutheran church. His wife, Elizabeth Idem, born May 22, 1777, died in 1862, in her 85th year. They had three children: John and Mary, deceased, and Jacob, who was born October 31, 1815. He was but 10 years old when his father died, and he lived with his mother until his marriage, when he began farming and droving for himself. He lived in Haycock for a year, then in Tinicum for two years, and afterward in Bedminster along the Tohickon for eight years, when he sold out and in 1854 removed to his present home, which he bought two years later. April 7, 1842, he was married to Leah, daughter of Ulrich Hockman. She was born August 24, 1823, and died January 9, 1886. They had thirteen children, of whom three are deceased: Elizabeth H., Mary Ann, and John H. The others are: William H., county superintendent, living in Yardley; Anna Maria, wife of Abel Stover, of Buckingham; Leah, wife of Milton Crouthamel, on the old home; Jacob Titus, in Michigan; Martha H., wife of Lewis Ott, in Rockhill; Anthony H., farming his fatherís place; Aaron H., in Bedminsterville; Lincoln H., in Richboro; Barbara Ann, wife of Aaron Landis, in Plumstead township; and Reuben H., on a part of the old farm. Mr. Slotter has always been a very industrious, upright man, greatly respected by his neighbors. He is a member of the Tohickon Reformed church.

PETER C. SNYDER, farmer, P.O. Tohickon, is a great-grandson of Michael Snyder, a former resident of Nockamixon township. His son, also named Michael, was the grandfather of Peter C. He removed to this township, where he worked at his trade of blacksmith, also farming a small place. He died in 1865. He was twice married, and had three children by each wife. A son of the first wife, named Peter, was the father of our subject. He was born in this township, lived here all his life, and died October 20, 1865, when he was 66 years old. His wife was Christiana, daughter of John Crouthamel. She died in March, 1874. Their children were: Elizabeth, wife of Eli Miller; Catherine, wife of George Hockman; Amanda, widow of Cornelius Frantz; and Mary, widow of Isaac Steeley, all living in this township; Sarah, wife of John Weimer, in Northampton county; Lewis, who died young; and Peter C., who was born March 21, 1842, on the place where he now lives. He followed carpentering for twelve years, then for five years worked at butchering. He then went into cattle-droving, which he still carries on in connection with farming. December 23, 1860, he was married to Elizabeth, daughter of John and Mary Magdalena (Trauger) Romig. Her father now lives in Springtown, and is in his 75th year. Her mother died April 7, 1887. Mr. and Mrs. Snyder have had sixteen children: William Henry, Mary Ann, Sylvester and Horace, who died young; Isaac, living in Perkasie; Elsworth, in this township; Agnes, who is the wife of Wilson H. Beish, also in this township; and John Solomon, Amanda, Alice (a twin sister of Agnes), Peter, Emma Elizabeth, Franklin, Harvey, Anna Minerva, and Sabilla, who live with their parents. Mr. Snyder and his wife are members of the Keller Lutheran church, and he bears the reputation of an honest man and a good citizen.

JOHN STEVER, retired, P.O. Bedminster, is a great-grandson of Philip Stever, who came from Germany and first located in Germantown. He afterward took up 300 acres of land in Haycock township for which he got a warrant, and on which place he died. His son, George, grandfather of John, was born, lived, and died on that place, leaving a son, Abraham, who was the father of the subject of this sketch. He was born in Haycock in 1782, and died in 1844. He followed the trade of a carpenter for many years. but later farmed the old homestead on which he died. His wife was Mary Sillfeis, who was born in Rockhill. Their children were: Samuel and Polly, deceased; Reuben, in Dublin, this township; and John, who was born November 10, 1812. He worked on the farm and also in his fatherís shop, thus learning the trade of carpenter and cabinet-maker, at which he afterward worked in various places until 1844, when, having for the previous four years had a shop in Bedminsterville, he bought the farm near there where he now lives. In 1838 he was married to Mary Magdalena, daughter of Benjamin Bartholomew, of Haycock township, where she was born September 23, 1816. Their children are: Joseph and Sarah, deceased; Reuben B., and John, who farms for his father and is married to Louisa Deaterly, and has seven children: Amanda, Aaron, Clara, Annie, Mary, Irving, and Noah. Mr. Stever and wife are members of the Keller Lutheran church, of which for twelve years he was trustee. An upright man, he is deservedly respected. Notwithstanding his 75 years he still works in his shop to occupy his time, and has in it very creditable specimens of hand-made cabinet-work.

REUBEN B. STEVER, farmer, P.O. Bedminster, is the oldest son of John Stever. He was born August 25, 1839, and working with his father learned the trade of cabinet-making. This he followed until 1872, when he began farming on the place where he now is, fifty acres of which he bought from his father. In 1873 he bought thirty-three acres adjoining from Enos Crouthamel, and in 1877 got sixteen more from the estate of Christian Fretz. He has put up new buildings and otherwise much improved the farm. October 11, 1864, he was married to Mary S., daughter of John and Hannah Stover. She was born August 24, 1843. To their Union ten children have been born: John H., born June 12, 1866; Abraham S., March 29, 1868; Isaac S., August 31, 1870; Mary, October 20, 1872; Elizabeth, August 10, 1874; Jacob, April 6, 1877; Reuben S. and Lydia Ann, twins, October 7, 1880; Allen S., May 31, 1883; and Enos, May 23, 1886. Lydia Ann, one of the twins, is deceased. The rest are all at home. Mr. Stever is a practical farmer and his place shows the result of good care and good judgment. A plain, common-sense man he has the good-will of his neighbors, who respect him for his integrity. He has been school director for the past four years and has two years more to serve on his present term. He is a member of the Keller Lutheran church, of which he has been an elder for four years. His wife belongs to the Reformed church of the same place.

ALLEN K. STOUT, farmer, P.O. Ridge, is a native of Hilltown township, and was born May 21, 1843. His great-great-grandfather, Jacob Stout, was born in 1710, in the Palatine district, on the Rhine, came to America in 1725 with his two brothers, and died in 1779 in Rockhill township on the farm afterward bought by his son, Abraham. Abraham was born in Rockhill township in the first half of the last century, was a farmer, and died there. His son, Henry, grandfather of Allen K., was also a native of that township. He was born in 1776, and died in Hilltown January 1, 1854. His wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Christian Carn, who kept the Green Tree tavern in Rockhill, in connection with which be owned a farm of 320 acres. Henry Stout had seven daughters and one son, Enos, the father of Allen K. He was born in 1813 in Hilltown, was always a farmer, and bought a part of the home place on which he built, and after his fatherís death bought the rest of the property, owning the whole 150 acres until his death, December 6, 1886. He was a good man, especially noted as a wise counsellor of his neighbors in trouble. His wife was Catherine, daughter of John Kratz, of Plumstead, born May 22, 1809. She was of a family of fifteen children, of whom three are living. She lives on the old home. They had six children, of whom two, Edward C. and Wilhelmina, are deceased; Lewis lives in Philadelphia; John Henry, in the west; Reuben, in Perkasie; and Allen K., in this township. Our subject learned the trade of milling, at which he worked until March, 1865, when he enlisted in company F, 202d Regiment P.V., serving until the close of the war, being mustered out August 3, 1865. He again engaged in milling, and in 1878 rented a farm, the following year buying his present place of over 100 acres. July 29, 1871, he was married to Catherine L., daughter of Abraham Scherer, of Lehigh county. She was born in this county April 29, 1851, and died March 24, 1887. They had two children: Edgar, who died in infancy, and Ella Amanda, born in 1874. Mr. Stout is known as a straightforward man, and is highly esteemed by his neighbors.

HENRY M. STROUSE, farmer, P.O. Bedminster, is a grandson of Henry Strouse, whose father came from Germany, and who was a resident of Nockamixon township, where he died over fifty years ago. His wife survived him many years. Their son, also named Henry, the father of the subject of this sketch, was a weaver by trade, and died in 1833, when a comparatively young man. His wife was Susannah Myers, who died in April, 1878. Their children were: Elizabeth and Franey, who died of the same fever which carried off their father; Catherine, who lives in Plumstead township; and Henry M., who was born December 25, 1826. His father dying when he was quite young, he was hired out. Marrying when 22 years old, he bought a lot in this township, on which he lived for three years, when he sold it and farmed on shares for ten years, at the end of which time he bought the farm where he now lives, and which he has greatly improved. August 22, 1847, he was married to Sarah Ann H., daughter of William Bryan, of this township. She was born July 18, 1826. They have five children: Reuben B., married to Jane Davis, and living in Northampton county; Mary Ann, wife of Titus A. Snyder, ofí this township; Susannah, wife of Joseph D. Kister, of Telford, Montgomery county; Cyrus B., married to Sophia Nash, and living in Hilltown township; and William H.B., who is single and living in Haycock. Mr. Strouse is reckoned among the best citizens of the township. He and his wife are members of the Kellar Lutheran church, of which he has been both trustee and deacon.

HORACE R. TRAUGER, proprietor of marble works, P.O. Kellerís Church, is a grandson of William Trauger, a native of this county, who died on his farm in Nockamixon township. His wife, Susan Deemer, now nearly 80 years of age, still lives on the homestead. Their children were: Jonas, living in Bethlehem; Elizabeth, wife of Michael Yost, of Williams township, Northampton county; Rosanna, wife of Michael Roth, of the same township; Mary, deceased; Titus and Milton in Nockamixon; and Franklin, father of Horace R., who was born in 1830, and is now a mason and farmer in Durham township, where he bought a farm after his first marriage. He has been twice married, his first wife being Catharine, daughter of Frederick Rufe, of Nockamixon. She died in 1865, leaving five children: Anna, living in Riegelsville; Alice, in Kintnersville; Harvey, in Plumsteadville; Horace R., a twin brother of Harvey; and Catharine, in Easton. Mr. Traugerís second wife, Mary, is a sister of his first. They have seven children: Mahlon and Asa, in Durham township; Flora, deceased; Irena, David, Carrie, and Susan Augusta, who live with their parents. Horace R. was born in Nockamixon township, March 19, 1863. At the age of 19 he began learning the trade of marble-cutting, in the shop of which he is now proprietor, having in 1884 bought out his employer, John K. Koder. He is a skilled workman, and his ability, skill, and taste are shown in many of the handsomest monuments in the burial-ground of the Keller church. He erected the largest granite monument in that cemetery. He is unmarried, and a young man of unblemished character.

JACOB W. TREFFINGER, farmer, P.O. Bedminster, is a native of Philadelphia county. His parents came from Wittemberg, Germany, about ten years before his birth. His father, Frederick, was a farmer and in his later years came to Hilltown township, this county, where he died in 1875. He was an industrious man, a member of the Hilltown Lutheran church, and was much respected in the township. His wife died about eight years before her husband. One of their children died before they came from Germany. The others are all living and are: Frederick, who lives in Hilltown; Hannah, wife of Lewis Knoll, also of Hilltown; and Jacob W., who was born in Philadelphia county in 1836. First he worked at carpentering, then at bridge building, and after that at locomotive building. He bought the farm he now owns in this township in 1881. In connection with this he carries on a mill. In May, 1887, he was married to Lizzie, widow of Joseph Holcomb, and whose maiden name was Overholtzer. He is a member of the Lutheran church and his wife of the Second Deep Run Mennonite church. For honesty and straightforward conduct no man in the township stands higher than he.

JOSEPH TYSON, farmer, P.O. Dublin, is a native of Springtown township, and was born December 7, 1833. His grandfather, also named Joseph, was born in this township, and died on his place, near Bedminsterville, about the year 1864. His wife was Annie Leatherman, who is living with her son, Aaron, in this township, and is 82 years old. Their son, Jacob, was the father of the subject of this sketch. He was born in this township February 27, 1825, and died March 18, 1885. After his marriage he removed to Springfield, and a few years later bought and removed to the farm where Joseph now lives, and died there twenty-eight years afterward. He was a man who took his share of the responsibilities of a citizen and held several offices, though he never sought any. He was a member of the Old Deep Run Mennonite church, and was held in esteem by his neighbors. His wife was Sarah, daughter of Joseph Myers, of Springfield township. She was born April 18, 1827, and is now living with Joseph. They were married March 1, 1853. Two of their children, Cornelius and Elizabeth, died young. The others are Annie, wife of Jonas Fretz, in Bedminsterville; Susanna, living with, her mother; Elizabeth, wife of Elias Fretz, in Bedminsterville; Abraham, who lives with our subject; and Joseph, who was the oldest of the, family and who, on his fatherís death, bought the home place, where he has since lived. December 4, 1880, he was married to Eliza, daughter of Joseph D. Rosenberger. She was born November 7, 1853. Mr. Tyson is one of the progressive young men of the township. Active, energetic, and wide awake he is bound to succeed. He and his wife are members of the Old Deep Run Mennonite church.

ALBERT H. WEISEL, farmer, P.O. Hagersville, is a great-grandson of Henry Weisel, one of the early settlers of Bedminster township. He bought the farm where Albert now lives, which then comprised 300 acres, now divided into several farms. His son, Joseph, was Albertís grandfather. He was born on that place, inherited a part of the tract, including the homestead, on which he passed his life, dying there in 1873, in his 80th year. He was twice married, his first wife being Mary Fulmer, who died in February, 1828, when but 29 years old. His second wife was the widow of Philip Fulmer, whose maiden name was Susanna Rufe. The children were all by the first wife, and were Cornelius who is the only survivor, living in Easton, Pa., and Lucy Ann, Catharine, and Francis F., deceased. The latter was the father of Albert H. He was born on the old homestead, which he inherited, and on which he passed the greater part of his life. He was born September 19, 1825, and died June 15, 1879. He was a good man and an honorable, upright citizen, and possessed the respect of every one who knew him. He was a deacon and elder of the Tohickon Reformed church. He was married March 25, 1849, to Sarah Ann, daughter of John Harpel, Esq., of this township. She was born August 4, 1827, and now lives on the old home. Her children were: Catharine, deceased, who was the wife of Reuben K. Stover, who is also deceased; Anna Maria, deceased, who was the wife of Milton S. Fulmer, of this township; John A., who is married to Mary Ellen Roudenbush and is a farmer in Rockhill; and Albert H., the youngest, who lives with his mother, for whom he farms the home place, which has been in the family for four generations. Albert H. was born May 19, 1866. After learning what he could in the district school he completed his education at the Sellersville Normal school. He is unmarried and is a young man of many excellent qualities, industrious and steady, and has the respect of the people among whom he was reared. He is a member of the Tohickon Reformed church.

WILLIAM H. WOLFINGER, farmer and undertaker, P.O. Kellerís Church, is a grandson of Jacob Wolfinger, who was a farmer and weaver in Nockamixon township, where he died nearly sixty years ago. His wife, Elizabeth Sassaman, outlived hum about thirty years. Their children were: Jacob, Samuel, John, Elizabeth, and Mary, deceased; Henry, living in Tinicum township, and Reuben, father of William H. He was born in 1812, and is now in Haycock. He was a mason and farmer, and is now living retired. He has been an industrious man, of good repute, and a member of the Reformed church. His wife was Sarah Diehl, born in Springfield township in 1813, and died in September, 1886. Their children were: Louisa Ann, wife of Henry Angeney, of Haycock; Franklin, in Rockhill; Jacob, in Hilltown; Sarah, wife of Joseph Musselman, of same township; Elizabeth, wife of Franklin Myers, of Haycock; Emeline, wife of Jacob Boas, Hilltown; John, in Richland; Catharine, deceased; Edwin, in Haycock; and William H., who was the oldest son, and was born August 13, 1835. He followed for many years the trade of a carpenter, which he still occasionally works at. November 13, 1859, he was married to Lovina, daughter of Tobias Crouthamel, of this township. She was born June 21, 1837, in the house where they now live, which, with the farm, they bought from her father. To their union seven children have been born: Oliver, living in Chicago; Mary J., who was the wife of Jacob D. Stover, and died March 20, 1887; Tillie, Lovina, Elmer, and Alice, who live with their parents; and Elmira, who died young. Beside his farm and carpentering, Mr. Wolfinger has for thirty years carried on undertaking. He is a member of the Reformed church of which he has been deacon. His wife is a Lutheran. His fellow-townsmen speak highly of him as a man and neighbor.

 

 
     
     
     
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