THE "Book of Arrivals" was a record provided for in the "Frame of the Government," but Phineas Pemberton appears to have been the only one of the early officers to discharge the duty thus assigned. As no regulations were adopted to aid the register in making it complete, the list is not so complete nor so accurate as was probably intended, but with all its imperfections it has been of great value to historians. The original record, time-worn and barely legible, is still to be seen in the register’s office at Doylestown, but in the natural order of things will soon fall into utter decay. It has never before been published, and is here preserved for the future historian. The register of births and deaths is copied in full. Of the register of marriages the certificates are omitted.


A Registery of all the Births and Deaths of all within the county of Bucks in the Province of Pennsylvania.


Their name and whose child. Days of the month The year
George Pownall, son of George & Ellinor Pownall, in the county of Bucks in the Province of Pennsylvania. Born the 11 of 9 month, 1682
Henry, the son of Henry & Elizabeth Marjorum, born the 12th, 7 mo., 1683
Hannah, the daughter of John & Christian Palmer, born the 23, 1 mo., 1684
Elizabeth Ridgway, daughter to Richard & Elizabeth Ridgway, born the 17, 12 mo., 1682
Thomas, the son of Samuel & Ann Dark, born the 11, 8 mo., 1683
Mary, the daughter of Lyonell and Elizabeth Brittain, born the 13 day of 10 month, 1680
Rebecka, the daughter of the said Lyonell & Eliza. Born the 19th day of 11 month, 1683
Mary, the daughter of Josua Boare & Margaret, born the 31 of the 6th month, 1685
Lawrence, the son of Lawrence & Elizabeth Banner, born the 20th day of the 9th months, 1685
Thus far I have given an acc’t to C. Taylor, the 1, 3 mo., 1686.
Robert Bond, son of Thomas Bond, neare Garstang in Lancashire in old England, dyed and was buried near William Yarleys the 3d day of the 7 month, 1684
Ralph Smith, the governor’s gardiner, was buryed at the buring place in the point the 5th day 3 mo., 1685
Henry Gibbs, the governor’s carpenter, was buryed in the point the 21 day of the 9th month, 1685
William Hiscock was buryed at Gilbert Wheeler’s burying place the 23 day of 10th month, 1685
Thus far I have given C. Taylor an acc’t the 1, 3 mo., 1686.
David Daeis of Neshaminah, chirurgeon, dyed and was buryed att the buring place at Nicholas Walne the 23 day of the 1 month, 1686
Richard Amor of Neshaminah, formerly of Buckel Burry in Barkshire, was buryed about  the latter end of the 9th month, 1682, at Neshaminah,



A registery of all marriages within the county of Bucks in the Province of Pennsylvania.

Richard Hough to Margery Clows, the 17th day of 1st Month; ---- year illegible; probably 1683—4.

William Sandford & Frances Hummer, both of Bucks County, 31st, 3 month, 1684.

Samuel Dark & Ann Knight, 4 Mo. 17, ---- 1683.

Richard Lundy & Elizabeth Bennet (6 Mo. 24, — 1684).

Mauris Leiston, of Black Bird’s Creek in New Castle County, and Jane Greaves, daughter to Ann Milcome, of Bucks County, 6th month 8th, 1685.

John Bainbridge and Sarah Clows, daughter of John Clows, both of Bucks County, 15th 6th Month, 1685.

Thomas Rutter, of Philadelphia, and Rebecka Staples, of Bucks County, 10 mo. 11th, 1685.

Samuel Dark & Martha Worrall, both of Bucks County, 12 Mo. 6, 1685.

David Davis, of Neshaminah, and Margaret Evans, of the same place, 1 mo. 8th, 1685/6, at the house of the said Davis.

Joseph English, of Poqueston Creek in Philadelphia County, and Jane Comley, of Bucks County, 26th 2 mo., 1685.

Henry Paxton & Margary Plumly (13th 6 mo., 1684).

John Nailer, of Neshaminey, and Jane Cuttler, of Neshamineh, 11th of 5 Month, 1685, at the house of James Dillworth, of Neshaminah.

Stephen Sands & Jane Cowqill, of Neshaminah— 25th 8 month, 1684, at the house of Nicholas Walne, of Neshaminah.

Edmund Bennet, of Bucks County, & Elizabeth Potts, of Philadelphia, 22 10 Mo., 1685 at the house of John Otter.

Joseph Charley and Mary Akerman, both of Bucks County, the 2d month ye 6th day, 1686.

James Rothwell & Ester Rothwell, both of Bucks County, 12th 2 Month, 1686.

William Berry, of Kent County, and Naomy Walley, of Bucks, — at Pennsbury, 9th month, 1686.

Nehemiah Allen and Mary Earlysman, both of Bucks Co., 29th 8 mo., 1683, at the house of Edmund Bennet.—

Daniel Pegg, of Philadelphia, & Martha Allen, of Neshaminah Creek, in Bucks County, 22d of 2d month, 1686, at the house of Samuel Allen, on Neshaminah Creek.

Walter Bridgman and Blanch constable, both of Neshaminah, Bucks Co., 26th 6 month, 1686, at the house of Stephen Sandes.

Abraham Cocks and Sarah Woolfe, both of Bucks Co., 26th 9 mo., 1686.


The original officers of the county were a sheriff, clerk of the court, deputy register, deputy register of wills, deputy master of rolls, coroner, deputy surveyor, and "inferior receiver" of taxes. The clerk of the court performed clerical service for both the county court and the orphans’ court, and until 1770 received the commission and did the business of deputy register, register of wills, and master of rolls. On the temporary institution of the court of common pleas in 1707 the office of prothonotary was also instituted, but the new title brought no additional duties. In 1777 the duties of prothonotary and clerk were devolved upon one officer, and the duties of register and recorder upon another. In 1808 the clerical duties of the orphans’ court and court of common pleas were divided between the prothonotary and the clerk of the orphans’ court, and in 1836 the prothonotary was relieved of duty in the court of quarter sessions. In 1829 the clerk of the orphans’ court was commissioned as clerk of quarter sessions, but this arrangement does not appear to have been continued beyond that year. The duties of register and recorder were performed by one officer from 1777 to 1830, when two officers were appointed. The list which follows indicates the probable date at which the other offices were established. This list is not absolutely complete, but great pains have been bestowed upon it, and it is believed that it is as perfect as the records now existing will permit.

PROTHONOTARIES.- 1683—1700, Phineas Pemberton; ---, Robert Cole; 1700—1742, Jeremiah Langhorne; 1742—1770, Lawrence Growden; 1770—1772, William Hicks; 1772—1777, Isaac Hicks; 1777—87, James Benezet; 1787—95, Samuel Benezet; 1795—1800, William Linton; 1800—1808, Thomas Ross; 1808, T.G. Kennedy; 1809—18, William Watts; 1818, Samuel D. Ingham; 1819—21, John S. Benezet; 1821—24, Crispin Blackfan; 1824—29, John S. Benezet; 1829, Peter Gwinner;* 1830—34, William Purdy; 1834—36, Charles H. Mathews; 1836—39, Elias Gilkyson; 1839, John B. Pugh; 1839—42, John S. Bryan; 1842—45, William D. Ruckman; 1845—48, James G. Hibbs; 1848—51, Isaiah James; 1851—54, Levi O. Kulp; 1854—57, Andrew W. Gilkyson; 1857—60, John W. Fry; 1860—63, Samuel B. Thatcher; 1863—66, Reading B. Slack; 1866—69, Reuben F. Sheetz; 1869—72, William H. Cook; 1872—75, S.C. Van Pelt; 1875—79, James Barrett; 1879—82, Thomas S. Folwell; 1882—85, John R. Bitting; 1885—, Elwood W. Minster.

CLERK OF ORPHANS’ COURT.— 1808—14, James Boyd; 1814, William W. Hart; 1815—21, Uriah DuBois; 1821—24, Francis B. Shaw; 1824—29, Charles E. DuBois; 1829, Eli Kitchen;* 1830—36, William Carr; 1836—39, John W. Stover; 1839, George F. Wagner; 1839—42, Samuel Darrah; 1842—45, William Addis; 1845—48, James Cummings; 1848—51, James M. McNair; 1851—54, Edwin Fretz; 1854—57, Jonathan White; 1857—60, Robert Ramsey; 1860—63, Aaron B. Rosenberger; 1863—66, I. Coulton Thomas; 1866—69, David Swain; 1869—72, Michael R. Ott; 1872—75, Isaac G. Thomas; 1875—7, Martin V.B. Vanartsdalen; 1878—81, John Roberts; 1881—84, Josiah W. Leidy; 1884 —, Michael Dougherty.

* Also clerk of quarter sessions.

CLERK OF COURT OF QUARTER SESSIONS AND OYER AND TERMINER.— 1836—38, John Dungan; 1838, James Kelly; 1839—45, Manasseh H. Snyder; 1845—48, William Beck; 1848—51, Rynear T. Donatt; 1851—54, Andrew C. Worthington; 1854—56, Edwin Fretz; 1856, Thomas B. Hartman; 1857—60, John H. Stern; 1860—63, Samuel R. Hillyer; 1863—66, Julius Kuster; 1866—69, Francis S. Mann; 1869—72, John G. Randall; 1872—75, A. Smith Dudbridge; 1875—78, Joseph A. Fluck; 1878—81, Eugene Highland; 1881—84, Francis Bartleman; 1884 —, Charles D. Bigley.

REGISTER AND RECORDER.— 1683—1700, Phineas Pemberton; 1700—42, Jeremiah Langhorne; 1742—70, Lawrence Growden; 1770—77, William Hicks; 1777—88, Joseph Hart; 1788—1802, James Hanna; 1802—5, Nathaniel Irwin; 1805—10, William Hart; 1810—21, John Pugh; 1821—24, Benjamin Field; 1824—29, Samuel A. Smith; 1829, William H. Rowland.

REGISTER.— 1830—36, Andrew Heller; 1836—39, John Fackenthall; 1839—42, David Marple; 1842—45, David White; 1845—48, William Percy; 1848—51, Joseph Carver; 1851—54, William Thompson; 1854—57, Joshua Stackhouse; 1857—60, Patrick McEntee; 1860—63, Jonathan Davis; 1863—66, Howard K. Sager; 1866—69, Samuel H. Heany; 1869—72, John T. Murfit; 1872—75, Jesse H. Atkinson; 1875—78, Benjamin W. Pursell; 1878—81, Hugh B. Campbell; 1881—84, William H. Barton; 1884—, John F. Fosbenner.

RECORDER.— 1830—36, Michael Dech; 1836—39, Samuel Atkinson; 1839—42, David Drissel; 1842—45, Robert Stoneback; 1845—48, John C. Mangle; 1848—51, Morris Mathews; 1851—54, Joseph Morrison; 1854—57, Hugh Kintner; 1857—60, James Ruckman; 1860—63, Isaac Van Horn; 1863—66, Allen H. Heist; 1866—69, Asher Cox; 1869—72, Philip J. Hawk; 1872—75, J. Watson Case; 1875—78, Silas H. Beans; 1878—81, James W. Bartlett; 1881—84, Austin McCarty; 1884—, Milton D. Althouse.

SHERIFF.— 1682, Richard Noble; 1683—85, John Brock; 1685, Nicholas Walne; 1686—89, Abraham Wharley; 1689, William Beakes: 1690—92, William Yardley; 1693 (April 29— July 30), Israel Taylor; 1693—95, Thomas Brock; 1695—1701, Samuel Beakes; 1701—05, William Biles, Jr.; 1705—11, William Croasdale; 1717—18, John Hall; 1719, John Abraham Denormandie; 1720—23, John Hall; 1723—28, Thomas Biles; 1728—30, Timothy Smith; 1731—32, Isaac Pennington; 1733, John Hall; 1734—36, Timothy Smith; 1737—39, John Hart; 1740—42, Joseph Jackson; 1743—45, John Hart; 1746—48, Amos Strickland; 1749, John Hart; 1750—51, Joseph Hart; 1752—54, William Yardley; 1755—56, Benjamin Chapman; 1757—58, Timothy Stackhouse; 1759—61, Joseph Thornton; 1762—64, John Gregg; 1765—67, William Buckman; 1768—70, Joseph Ellicott; 1771—72, Richard Gibbs; 1773—75, Samuel Biles; 1776—78, John Thompson; 1779—81, George Wall; 1782—84, Samuel Dean; 1785—87, William Roberts; 1788—90, Jacob Bennet; 1791—93, William Chapman; 1794—96, Joseph Fell; 1797—99, David Thomas; 1800—2, Nathaniel Shewell; 1803—8, David Thomas; 1809—11, Elisha Wilkinson; 1812—14, Samuel Sellers; 1815—17, Thomas G. Kennedy; 1818—20, George Burgess; 1821—23, Stephen Brock; 1824—26, Jacob Kintner; 1827—29, Stephen Brock; 1830—32, Benjamin Morris; 1833—35, William Field; 1836—38, Cornelius Sellers; 1839—41, Rutledge Thornton; 1842—43, Thomas Purdy; 1844, Samuel Darrah (vice Thomas Purdy, deceased); 1845—47, Charles H. Mann; 1848—50, Jonas Ott; 1851—53, Albert Phillips; 1854—56, Charles Fellman; 1857—59, Joseph S. Ely; 1860—62, John T. Simpson; 1863—65, James M. Wilkinson; 1866—68, John E. Corcoran; 1869—71, Elias Hogeland; 1872—74, John M. Purdy; 1875—77, J.D.K. Reinhart; 1878—80, Samuel L. Ely; 1881—83, Allen H. Heist; 1884—, Elias Eastburn.

TREASURER.— 1684, William Biles; 1724—32, Jeremiah Langhorne; 1747—50, Timothy Smith; 1750—57, John Watson, Jr.; 1757—62, Thomas Janney; 1762—67, Abraham Chapman; 1768—71, Paul Preston; 1772—76, Joseph Chapman; 1777—79, Henry Wynkoop; 1780—85, John Hart; 1786—88, Henry Wynkoop; 1789—90, Joseph Chapman; 1791, Isaac Chapman; 1802, T. Hicks; 1804—5, Isaac Hicks; 1806, Enos Morris; 1810, Jonathan Smith; 1812, Thomas Jenks; 1813—15, John Courson; 1815, Jonathan Smith; 1816, John McNair; 1817, George Burgess; 1818, Thomas Stewart; 1819, Christopher Vanartsdalen; 1820, Jacob Kooker; 1821, Nathaniel Shewell; 1822, William Watson; 1823, Samuel Palmer; 1824, Benjamin Smith, Jr.; 1825, John Ruckman; 1826, Aaron Larue; 1827, Samuel McNair; 1828, Daniel Boileau; 1829, Andrew Apple; 1830, John Ruckman; 1831, Alexander Van Horn; 1832, William Strawn; 1833, Jesse Johnson; 1834, Michael H. Jenks; 1835, Frederick Lutz; 1836, William D. Ruckman; 1837, Moses Larue; 1838, John Harpel; 1839, Moses Gibson; 1840, Joseph Morrison; 1841, Abraham Fretz; 1842, George W. Closson; 1843, Joshua Wright; 1844, Jesse P. Carver; 1845, James R. Boileau; 1846, John Barnesley; 1847, Thomas Dungan; 1848, John McEntee; 1849, Edward Baker; 1850, David Todd; 1851, Samuel M. Hager; 1852, Joseph C. Leaw; 1853, William Corson; 1854, Joshua Fell; 1855, John K. Holt; 1856, Harman Yerkes; 1857, Charles Levy; 1858, Emmor Walton; 1859, Joseph A. Van Horn; 1860, Tobias Nash; 1861, William Albertson; 1862, Andrew, J. Larue; 1863, Lycurgus S. Bodder; 1864, Alfred Johnson; 1865, Jacob Bachman; 1866, Francis Hartman; 1867, Andrew Ott; 1868, George B. Cope; 1869, Elias Shellenberger; 1870, Benjamin Cadwallader; 1871, John Harton; 1872, Levi Trauger; 1873, Isaac H. Worstall; 1874, Edwin Knight; 1877, Samuel S. Gearhart; 1880, David B. Feaster; 1883, Jacob Hagerty; 1886, Levi O. Biehn.

COUNTY AUDITOR.— 1810, William Stokes; 1811, Isaac Hicks; 1812, George Burgess; 1817, John Moore; 1818, William Long; 1819, Asher Miner; 1826, John N. Solliday; 1827, John P. Hood; 1828, Lewis S. Coryell; 1829, John Moore; 1830, Moses Larue; 1831, John Linton; 1832, David Drissell; 1833, James McNair; 1834, John Ruckman; 1835 Samuel Lutz; 1836, Samuel Hart; 1837, James McNair; 1838, Richard Moore; 1839, Moses Larue; 1840, Charles W. Everhart; 1841, James Cummings; 1842, Franklin Vansant; 1843, Tobias L. Cressman; 1844, Lemen Banes; 1845, Stephen N. Bartine; 1846, Joseph Schleifer; 1847, William H. Long; 1848, Christopher H. Leedom; 1849, Peter Shelly; 1850, Stephen N. Bartine, Charles Thompson; 1851, James C. Finney: 1852, Thomas Cope; 1853, Nathan J. Hines; 1854, Alfred Marple; 1855, Levi O. Mickley, S.G. Slach; 1856, Samuel Darrah; 1857, Lewis B. Scott; 1858, John A. Loux; 1859, Charles Thompson; 1860, Anthony K. Joyce; 1861, John N. Solliday; 1862, Abiah J. Riale; 1863, William S. Hogeland; 1864, Henry T. Trumbower; 1865, Charles Thompson; 1866, Cyrus M. Sacket; 1867, Jonas Laubenstine; 1868, Therdon P. Harvey; 1869, Charles Stewart; 1870, John N. Solliday; 1871, James C. Iden; 1872, Isaiah Delaney; 1873, Aaron K. Wambold; 1874, Reuben F. Scheetz; 1875, John N. Solliday, William Percy, Aaron K. Wambold; 1878, Robert Eastburn, John J. Moore, Charles Gaine; 1881, Israel D. Fox, Joseph N. Gross, David S. Flack; 1882, George W. Boileau (vice David S. Flack, deceased); 1884, John G. Weinberger, Samuel K. Althouse, John H. Larue.

CORONER.— 1685, Robert Hall; 1688, George White; 1692, Arthur Cook; 1698, Jonathan Swift; 1717, William Biles; 1718—19, John Cuttler; 1720, Jeffrey Pollard; 1721, William Atkinson; 1726—30, Jonathan Woolston; 1731—35, William Atkinson; 1736, John Woolston; 1739—40, William Atkinson; 1742, John Hart; 1743—45, Joseph Chapman; 1746—47, John Chapman; 1748, John Hart; 1749—51, William Smith; 1752—54, Evan Jones; 1755, Simon Butler; 1756—59, William Ashbourne; 1760—63, William Buckman; 1764, John Addis; 1765—7, William Doyle; 1768—72. James Wallace; 1773—75, George Fell; 1778, William Hart; 1781, John Carr; 1783—84, William Bennet; 1785, Jeremniah Vastine; 1786—91, Isaac Van Horn; 1791—92, John Hough; 1794, Daniel Thomas; 1796, Stephen Smith; 1797, Cephas Child, Jr.; 1803, Joshua Beans; 1804, Hugh Thompson; 1806, Andrew Quintin; 1809—12, Nathaniel Vansant; 1813, John Hines; 1815, John Chapman; 1818, John Riale; 1821, John Price; 1824, Casper Hinkle; 1827, John Keller; 1828, Caspar Hinkle; 1829, John Keller; 1830, Michael Walter; 1831, John Keller; 1832, William Walter; 1833, Michael Walter; 1834, William Sands; 1839, Stephen K. Price; 1842, Jacob R. Hibbs; 1845, William Early; 1848, James D. Brunner; 1851, John G. Hibbs; 1854, Townsend Fell; 1855, John C. Shephard; 1858, James Mannington; 1861—70, William Early; 1871—77, J. Wilson Closson; 1877, E.J. Groom; 1880, Evan J, Morris; 1883, James V. Smith; 1886, William S. Silbert.

COUNTY SURVEYOR.— 1686, Arthur Cook, Thomas Janney; 1693, Robert Longshore; 1789, Isaac Hicks; 1805, John Ruckman; 1812, Samuel Hart; 1813, William Long; 1814, William Stokes; 1822, Caleb Foulke; 1824—30, Caleb Foulke; 1836, Caleb Foulke; 1839, William Wright; 1842, David White; 1853—62, Frederick G. Hillpot; 1862, David R. Hibbs; 1865, Levi H. Rogers; 1868, Thomas MacReynolds; 1871, M.D. Frankenfield; 1874, Charles Savage; 1877, Samuel H. Laubach; 1883, David W. Hess; 1886, John M. Zuck.

COMMISSIONER.— 1722, Robert Heaton, Samuel Baker, Mathew Hughes, John Hutchinson, Henry Nelson, William Atkinson; 1723, Jeremiah Langhorne; 1725, Matthew Hughes; 1730, Joseph Kirkbride; 1734, Joseph Kirkbride 1735, Simon Butler; 1736, Benjamin Morris; 1737, Jeremiah Langhorne; 1739, Timothy Smith; 1741, John Watson 1742, Abraham Chapman; 1743, John Hall; 1744, John Hill; 1745, Benjamin Taylor; 1746, Samuel Carey; 1747, John Watson, Jr.; 1748, John Woolston; 1750, John Hart; 1751, William Paxson; 1752, Joseph Watson; 1753, Amos Strickland; 1754, Giles Knight; 1755, John Wilkinson; 1756, William Yardley; 1757, William Buckley; 1758, Jonathan Ingham; 1759, Abraham Chapman; 1760, John Story; 1761, John Woolston; 1762, John Terry; 1763, Joseph Watson; 1764, John Brown; 1765, John Gregg; 1766, Edward Thomas; 1767, Thomas Watson; 1768, Thomas Yardley; 1769, Thomas Foulke; 1770, John Wilkinson; 1771, David Twining; 1772, Theophilus Foulke; 1774, Gilbert Hicks; 1775, James Chapman; 1778, John Wilkinson; 1779, Joseph Thomas; 1780, Samuel Smith; 1781, Francis Murray; 1782, John Carr; 1783, Alexander Hughes; 1784, Joseph McIlvaine; 1785, Nathaniel Ellicott; 1786, William Bryan; 1787, Timothy Taylor (vice Joseph McIlvaine, deceased); 1787, Thomas Jenks, Jr.; 1788, Amos Griffith; 1789, Isaac Burson; 1790, Giles Knight; 1791, Joshua Vansant; 1792, Everard Foulke; 1793, Daniel Martin; 1794, William Proctor; 1795, John Heaney; 1796, John Brown; 1797, James Gillingham; 1798, John Brock; 1799, Samuel Benezet; 1800, David Thomas; 1801, Michael Fackenthall; 1802, Thomas Cooper; 1803, Philip Miller; 1804, John Keller; 1805, John McElroy (vice Michael Fackenthall); 1805, John Longstreth; 1806, William Hart; 1807, Jacob Weaver; 1808, Thomas Jenks; 1809, John Corson; 1810, George Cyphert; 1811, Jonathan Smith; 1812, John McNair; 1813, John Jacoby; 1814, Thomas Stewart; 1815, Christian Vanartsdalen; 1816, Jacob Kooker; 1817, Nathaniel Shewell; 1818, William Richardson; 1819, Shipley Lester; 1820, John C. Ernst; 1821, M. Williamson; 1822, William Stokes; 1823, William Watson; 1825, Elias Gilkyson; 1825, Andrew Apple; 1826, John Ruckman; 1827, Alexander Van Horn; 1828, William L. Strawn; 1829, Jesse Johnson; 1830, M.H. Jenks; 1831, Henry Eckel; 1832, William McHenry; 1833, Clark Johnson; 1834, Daniel Shive 1835, Hugh B. Ely; 1836, Joseph Morrison; 1837, Abraham Fretz; 1838, H.L. Miller; 1839, Samuel Gilkyson; 1840, Jacob Dill; 1841, Samuel Kachline; 1842, Thomas B. Craven; 1843, Malachi White, Felix Walp; 1844, William S. Thomas; 1845, George W. Brown; 1846, Enos Artman: 1847, John Shipe; 1848, Garret Vansant; 1849, Anthony Transue; 1850, Benjamin Harwick; 1851. Hazel Scott; 1852, Samuel Rymond; 1853, John Cozens; 1854, Jesse G. Webster; 1855, Paul H. Hartzell; 1856, Andrew Dudbridge; 1857, John Fenton; 1858, Michael O. Kulp; 1859, Samuel Anglemoyer; 1860, W.H. Richardson; 1861, Eli Hofford, Jesse Black; 1862, Jesse Black; 1863, Peter Staales; 1864, Daniel Clewell; 1865, Josiah W. Leidy; 1866, Thomas Heed; 1867, David Seip, 1868, Moses O. Kulp; 1869, Charles Willett; 1870. John Knecht; 1871, Benjamin Wiggins; 1872, Abraham Thompson; 1873, Charles B. Yost; 1874, Samuel Keller; 1875—81, Samuel Keller, Andrew J. Solomon, Edmund Goddard; 1881, John Wynkoop, Jonas T. Breisch, Isaac Ryan; 1884, Isaac C. Hobensack, John Johnson, Comly Michener.

DIRECTOR OF THE POOR.— 1807, James Chapman, John McMasters, Ralph Stover; 1808, John Mann; 1809, Christian Clemens; 1810, Harman Vansant; 1811, Elijah Stinson; 1812, John Courson; 1813, Jonathan Smith; 1814, Abraham Dunlap; 1815, John Riale; 1816, John Courson; 1817, Hugh Thompson; 1818, Benjamin Hough; 1819, Francis B. Shaw; 1820, Moses Eastburn; 1821, Adrian Cornell; 1822, Joseph Jones; 1823, Robert Thompson; 1824, William B. Vandegrift; 1825, Abel H. James; 1826, Josiah Rich; 1827, John H. Bispham; 1828, Isaac Hines; 1829, Samuel Rodman; 1830, Abraham Sellers; 1831, Jacob Kooker; 1832, Jacob Markley; 1833, Jonathan Delaney; 1834, Andrew Apple; 1835, Samuel Brown; 1836, William Booz; 1837, Philip Geisinger; 1838, John Johnson; 1839, Joshua Wright; 1840, Conrad Overpeck; 1841, David Todd; 1842, Clark Johnson; 1843, Philip R. Harpel; 1844, William Austin; 1845, Jesse L. Booz; 1846, William B. Warford; 1847, Cornelius Shepherd; 1848, William B. Slack; 1849, Owen Spinner; 1850, Thomas Jacoby; 1851, James M. Boileau; 1852, Henry Cope; 1853, Thomas McKinstry; 1854, John Lukens; 1855, Martin Bebighouse; 1856, Daniel Hill; 1857, Samuel Banes; 1858, Samuel Meyers, Anthony Johnson; 1859, Enos Huntsberger; 1860, Samuel Hillborn; 1861, Henry Kemmerer; 1862, David Riale; 1863, John Thompson, John Sager; 1864, Valentine Renshimer; 1865, John S. Mann; 1866, Jesse Dungan; 1867, Lewis B. Christman; 1868, George Snyder; 1869, David Cornell; 1870, Jesse Ahlum; 1871, James S. Pool; 1872, Edward H. Buckman; 1873, Abraham B. Pearson; 1874, John G. Harris; 1875, John R. Banes; 1876, Joseph F. Nicholas; 1877, James A. Wilson; 1878, William Kinsey; 1879, James Williams; 1880, Robert James; 1881, Jesse W. Knight; 1882, Silas P. Apple; 1883. Eli Morris; 1884, Stacey C. Buckman; 1885, George W. Walter; 1886, Charles C. Williams.

STEWARD OF THE ALMSHOUSE.- 1810, John McMasters; 1821, Abner Morris; 1827, Abraham Jacoby; 1836, Jacob Markley; 1837, Daniel Hill; 1838, William Worthington; 1839, Elias Black; 1842, Henry Black; 1847, William Edwards; 1850, Abiah J. Riale; 1860, William Allen; 1862, Samuel Trumbower; 1871, Edward Yost; 1878, David S. Fetter.

JURY COMMISSIONER.— 1867, Robert James; 1870, Amos Jacoby, John Wildman; 1873, George R. Lear, Jacob Van Boskirk; 1876, Jacob McBrien, Comly Michener; 1879, Isaac Hillpot, Amos B. Headley; 1882, Henry P. Sands, Thomas Y. McCarty; 1885, Jacob Winder, Jacob H. Myers.

COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS.— 1854, Joseph Fell; 1857, William H. Johnson; 1860—69, Simon S. Overholt; 1869, William P. Sharkey, Stephen T. Kirk; 1870—78, Hugh B. Eastburn; 1878—87, W.W. Woodruff; 1887, William H. Slotter.


PRESIDENT JUDGE.— 1780, Henry Wynkoop; 1789, John Barclay; 1806, Bird Wilson; 1818, John Eoss; 1830, John Fox; 1841, Thomas Burnside; 1845, David Krause; 1857, Daniel M. Smyser; 1861, Henry Chapman; 1871, Henry P. Ross: 1873, Richard Watson; 1883, Harman Yerkes.

ADDITIONAL LAW JUDGE.— 1869, Henry P. Ross; 1871, Arthur G. Olmstead; 1872, Stokes L. Roberts; 1873, Richard Watson.

ASSOCIATE JUDGE (since the year 1812).— Matthias Hutchinson, Francis Murray, Samuel Hart, Robert Smith, William Watts, William Long, John Ruckman, Michael H. Jenks, Samuel A. Smith, William S. Hendrie, Stephen N. Bartine, Andrew Apple, John S. Bryan, John Wildman, Henry Troxel, Joseph Morrison, William Godschalk.

DISTRICT ATTORNEY.— 1708, Thomas Clarke; 1726, Joseph Growden, Jr.; 1812 to 1850, John Fox, Matthias Morris, Robert Bethel, William F. Swift, Francis B. Shaw, Thomas Ross, Charles E. DuBois, Hugh Hamilton Henry, Caleb E. Wright, Stokes L. Roberts, George Lear; 1851—54. Elias Carver; 1854—60, Nathan C. James; 1860—63, James Gilkyson; 1863—66, Henry P. Ross; 1866—69, Robert L. Cope; 1869—72, Harman Yerkes; 1872—73, Thomas H. Heist; 1873, James Gilkyson (appointed); 1873—76, Levi L. James; 1876—79, J.M. Shellenberger; 1879—82, Robert M. Yardley; 1882—85, Henry S. Murfit; 1885, Hugh B. Eastburn.

ATTORNEYS.— 1727, Joseph Growden; 1727, Andrew Hamilton; 1729, James Biles; 1729, William Biles; 1730, Nathan Watson; 1732, John Emerson; 1732, William Pierce; 1732, John Baker; 1732, Isaac Pennington; 1733, G.H. Sherrard; 1734, Thomas Bowes; 1734, William Fry; 1736, John Ross; 1736, John Grohoch (the admissions from 1736 to 1750 cannot be ascertained); 1751, John Moland; 1751, William Morris; 1751, Abraham Cottman; 1751, Tench Francis; 1751, Edward Shippen; 1751, Benjamin Price; 1751, John Lawrence; 1752, Lewis Gordon; 1752, William Peters; 1753, William Pidgeon; 1753, Joseph Galloway; 1754, Joseph Bennett; 1755, Benjamin Chew; 1755, Samuel Morris; 1756, Samuel Johnson; 1758, Joseph Norvall; 1758, David Henderson; 1760, John Morris, Jr.; 1761, William Smythe; 1761, Joseph Worrell; 1761, Daniel Coxe; 1761, John Ross; 1761, Samuel Bard; 1762, Nicholas Walne; 1763, James Kinsey; 1763, Joseph Smith; 1764, John Dickinson; 1764, Thomas Anderson; 1764, Isaac Allen; 1765, Thomas McKean; 1765, Jasper Yeates; 1765, Alexander Wilson; 1765, Richard Peters; 1765, John Koplin; 1765, Lindsey Coates; 1765, Andrew Allen; 1765, James Allen; 1765, Alexander Porter; 1765, James Sayre; 1765, Isaac Hunt; 1766, Daniel Henderson; 1767, David Broagley; 1767, William Hicks; 1767, George Campbell; 1769, Stephen Watts; 1769, Daniel Clymer; 1769, John Haley; 1769, Miers Fisher; 1770, Isaac Hunt; 1772, Jacob Bankson; 1772, James Lukens; 1772, Peter Zachary Lloyd; 1772, John Lawrence; 1772, James Wilson; 1772, Abel Evans; 1773, Alexander Wilcox; 1773, Andrew Allen; 1773, William Lewis; 1773, Phineas Bond; 1773, John McFarson; 1773, Joseph Reed; 1774, William Hanna; 1774, Lewis Hanna (no data from 1776 to 1781); 1781, Jonathan Seargent; 1781, Charles Swift; 1781, James Hanna; 1781, Henry Osborne; 1781, Jacob Rush ; 1781, Jared Ingersoll; 1781, J.F. Miflin; 1782, John Currie; 1784, John Vannost; 1784, Thomas Ross; 1784, William Ewing; 1785, William Rawle; 1785, John Andre Hanna; 1785, William Bradford, Jr.; 1785, William Moore Smith; 1787, Thomas Armstrong; 1787, Benjamin Morgan; 1787, Ralph Bowy; 1787, Samuel Roberts; 1787, Anthony Morris; 1787, Joseph McKean; 1787, Matthias Baldwin; 1787, Samuel Bayard; 1787, John Todd; 1790, Abraham Chapman; 1791, Nathaniel Higginson; 1791, Jonathan Williams Comady; 1791, Seth Chapman; 1791, Joseph Thomas; 1791, James Hunter; 1791, John D. Murray; 1791, Benjamin P. Morgan; 1792, John Ross; 1792, Thomas W. Tallman; 1794, Henry K. Helmuth; 1794, Edward W. Drury; 1794, James Milnor; 1794, A.M. Bolton; 1794, Walter Franklin; 1794, Daniel Stroud; 1794, Robert Henry Dunken; 1794, Jonathan W. Condy.

A LIST OF THE RESIDENT PRACTISING ATTORNEYS AT THE BAR OF BUCKS COUNTY SINCE THE YEAR 1812, WITH THE DATES OF THEIR ADMISSION.— 1790, March 9, Abraham Chapman; 1800, Feb. 10, Francis B. Shaw; 1801, May 4, Enos Morris; 1801, Aug. 3, William McIlhenny; 1807, June 1, John Fox; 1809, Aug. 30, Matthias Morris; 1812, June 3, John D. Roney; 1813, June 3, William Watts Hart; 1819, Nov. 29, Joseph S. Pickering; 1820, May 31, Robert Bethel; 1820, Aug. 28, Charles E. DuBois; 1821, Feb. 17, George R. Grantham; 1821, May 30, John B. Chapman; 1822, May 27, Albert Smith; 1822, May 21, Joseph Hough; 1822, Sept. 9, Eleazar T. McDowell; 1823, Sept. 8, Thomas Morris; 1823, Sept. 8, Thomas Stewart; 1823, Dec. 8, John Wilkinson; 1823, Dec. 8, Charles Eastburn; 1823, Dec. 8, George W. Smith; 1824, May 3, Gilbert Rodman; 1825, April 25, Daniel C.H. Simms; 1825, April 25, Henry Chapman; 1826, Sept. 15, Campbell D. Meredith; 1827, Feb. 13, William F. Swift; 1828, Dec. 9, Samuel A. Bridges; 1829, Feb. 9, Thomas Ross; 1830, Sept. 14, John B. Pugh; 1832, Sept. 10, Stokes L. Roberts; 1833, Sept. 9, Caleb E. Wright; 1835, Feb. 12, Peter Wykoff; 1835, Sept. 14, Hugh Hamilton Henry; 1836, April 26, William R. Dickerson; 1836, Dec. 12, Abel M. Griffith; 1837, April 25, John D. Morris; 1837, Dec. 12, Frederick A. Gwinner; 1838, April 24, James Vanhorn; 1838. Sept. 13, Robert Mellon; 1838, Oct. 29, Gilbert R. Fox; 1839, Dec. 9, William T. Risler; 1840, Feb. 11, Anthony Swain; 1840, April 27, John G. Michener; 1840, April 29, Andrew W. Gilkeson; 1840, Sept. 16, John Titus; 1841, Feb. 9, James Gilkyson; 1841, Dec. 14, Emmett Quinn; 1843, Feb. 18, Thomas S. Murray; 1843, Feb. 18, Joseph R. Dickerson; 1843. Nov. 16, George hart; 1844, Feb. 6, George H. Michener; 1844, Nov. 16, George Lear;* 1845, April 30, Elias Carver; 1845, Sept. 16, Edward J. Fox; 1846, Feb. 2, Mahlon Yardley; 1846, April 29, Richard Watson; 1846, Sept. 15, William W.H. Davis; 1848, Nov. 9, E. Morris Lloyd; 1850, April 24, Edward M. Paxson;** 1850, Dec. 2, Benjamin F. Fackenthall; 1851, Feb. 4, Nathan C. James; 1851, Sept. 10, Henry T. King; 1853, April 27, Lewis B. Thompson; 1856, Feb. 4, John L. DuBois; 1856, Dec. 8, Lewis R. Fox; 1858, Jan. 19, George A. Jenks; 1858, Jan. 19, Joseph M. Holcomb; 1858, June 10, Joshua Bean; 1858, Sept. 14, Joel M. Vanarsdalen; 1859, Sept. 19, Jacob Magill; 1859, Dec. 16, Henry P. Ross; 1860, March 13, Isaac S. Heston; 1860, April 27, Charles Armitage; 1860, Sept. 19, Samuel Croasdale; 1860, Nov. 2, Benjamin F. Fisher; 1860, Dec. 4, William P. Andrews; 1861, June 11, Robert J. Armstrong; 1862, Sept. 10, James B. Lambert; 1864, Feb. 2, Benjamin F. Gilkeson; 1864, June 13, George Ross; 1864, Sept. 13, Robert L. Cope; 1865, April 26, John W. McDowell; 1865, Nov. 3, Harman Yerkes; 1866, Dec. 11, Thomas H. Heist; 1867, Sept. 10, Henry C. Michener; 1867. Sept. 10, Charles H. Mathews; 1868, April 27, Albert P. Schurz; 1868, April 27, Louis H. James; 1869, April 26, Stephen T. Kirk; 1869, May 5, Alfred Fackenthall; 1869, Oct. 19, J.M. Shellenberger; 1870, April 25, Levi L. James; 1871, April 26, D.W. Clinton Robinson; 1871, June 12, James Lawrence; 1871, Sept. 11, Henry Lear; 1871, Sept. 11, Ivan T. Ruth; 1871, Nov. 2, Arthur Chapman; 1872, June 10, Hamilton H. Gilkyson; 1872, Feb. 14, Henry A. Lloyd; 1872, Sept. 9, Robert M. Yardley; 1873, March 11, Henry C. Dean; 1873, March 11, Joseph M. McClure; 1873, April 28, William Stuckert; 1873, Oct. 30, Henry Trumbore; 1874, Jan. 19, Abram H. Jones; 1875, June 15, William E. Barrick; 1876, Feb. 7, John C. Stuckert; 1876, March 13, E. Wesley Keeler; 1876, Aug. 12, Henry M. DuBois; 1877, Jan. 2, Thomas MacReynolds; 1877, March 12, Henry S. Murfit; 1877, Aug. 14, Hugh B. Eastburn; 1877, Nov. 12, Henry O. Harris; 1878, Sept. 9, John D. James; 1879, March 10, George S. McDowell; 1879, Aug. 12, Charles Hall; 1879, Aug. 12, Rodman F. Pugh; 1879, Aug. 12, W.H. Peterman; 1879, Aug. 12, Willard P. Miller; 1879, Dec. 9, A. Weir Gilkeson; 1880, April 6, Paul H. Applebach; 1880, May 6, Mahlon H. Stout; 1880, Feb. 7, J. Morris Selner; 1880, Feb. 7. Joel H. DeVictor; 1881, June 13, Austin H. Cowdrick; 1881, June 13, William E. Schoch; 1881, June 13, John D. Sells; 1881, Sept. 12, Charles F. Meyers; 1881, Nov. 14, J. Freeman Hendricks; 1881, Dec. 13, Henry Watson; 1882, March 13, Hugh B. Campbell; 1882, March 27, Jerome Fackenthall; 1882, Oct. 16, Samuel Z. Freed; 1882, Nov. 13, Richard M. Lyman; 1882, Nov. 13, T. Kirkbride Hulme; 1884, Sept. 15, William C. Ryan; 1887, May 16, Henry D. Paxson.

* Appointed attorney-general December 7, 1875.

** Elected in 1874 as judge of supreme court.


The carelessness with which the minutes of the council and assembly were kept has rendered the attempt to compile the names of those who represented Bucks county in the provincial legislature a difficult and not altogether satisfactory undertaking. No list of the members that composed the first assembly has been preserved, but from the record of the proceedings and other sources their names have been ascertained, and it is probable that the list of members in the succeeding legislature includes all of those elected to the first. The original "Frame" provided for twelve members from each county to constitute the council. This was found impracticable at the outset and in the second council, as it was probably done in the first, and three of this number were assigned to the council and the rest to the assembly. By the "Frame" adopted on April 2, 1683, the number from each county to form the council was fixed at three, and the number to form the assembly was fixed at six. In the list for Bucks county for 1684, however, but five names appear, and as the absent member’s name nowhere appears in the record of proceedings it is probable that the unknown member never attended. The public service at this time involved a great deal of inconvenience, and notwithstanding a fine of "twelve-pence, sterling" per day was early imposed upon those "having made contumacies by absenting themselves," a complete representation, even when it scarcely exceeded a score of persons, was rarely found. The stipend granted a member of the council was at first three and a half and then changed to five shillings per day of attendance, and that granted to a member of assembly was at first three then four shillings, to be paid by their respective counties, with a mileage allowance of two-pence. Occasionally the rental of the place of assembly was similarly paid.

On the accession of Governor Fletcher in 1693 the old order of things was largely set aside. The first day of March had been the day for general elections, but under the new governor it was decided on April 27, 1693, "that writts issue, returnable the fifteenth of May next, and that foure Representatives be returned for the County of philadelphia, foure for New Castle, and three for each of the other Counties." The council was no longer elective, and the loyalty of Bucks county to the deposed proprietor caused it to be unrepresented in that body during Fletcher’s administration. On the restoration of the province to William Penn in 1695 the old order was generally restored, the election occurring in May, however. Markham was appointed "governor under William Penn" with John Goodson and Samuel Carpenter "to be his assistants," and among the first acts of the new governor was to issue writs for the election of a council for the purpose of revising the laws and considering "a new frame & modell of governmt." The first session adjourned on the 30th of May to the 9th of September. On that day the full council convened, and after the secretary had read all the minutes, the governor said:

Gentl., I ordered all the ministers of councills that have been held since the proprietor’s restoration to his governmt to be read, to remind you how wee have fallen outt of the method of governmt formerlie settled by the proprietor & the people’s representatives, In which the provinciall Councill used to promulgate bills that were to be past into Laws twentie dayes before the sitting of the assemblie, att the end of which time the assemblie used to meet to confirm or reject those bills.

Gentl., You are sensible how much I was agt altering anie thing in the charter which was granted us by the proprietor, wtout his knowledge & consent, & how great occasion I had for an Assemblie was & is plain to you, viz: to answer the Late Queen’s Comands in assisting New York wt or Quota agt or common enemie the French.

Gentl., I endeavoured to bring the governint to the method that was ever used in the proprietor’s time, before his Excellie Governor Fletcher had it, and aecordinglie, I issued outt writts to forine a provincial Councill; In answer whereto you mett & performed by Oathes, attests, & Subscriptions, all things necessarie to it; and then I did my dutie & Laid before you the Late Queen’s Letter & his Excellie the Governor of New York’s application to mee for the Quota allotted to this governmt, expecting you wold have promulgated bills for the raising monie for it, but instead of that your Resolves wer that you were not in a capacite to give a full & satisfactorie answer to so weightie a matter wtout a Generall Assemblie, & most of you Living soe remote from this place, & Harvest drawing on soe neer, that you could not meet untill about the ninth day of Sepr then next; And yrfor, did advise mee to command the ssemblie to meet the said day, to consult & resolve yrupon. And yrfor, it was resolved that the assemblie be conveened to meet att philadelphia the sd ninth day of Septr then next.

And now, Gentl., you are to advise what course to steer to attain to the chief end of or meeting, viz: to answer the Late Queen’s Letter, & when that is done & the Ice broken, all other things will be easie.

Gentl., the Assemblie is come according to appointment. The first thing wee are to consider of is the method of preparing and passing Bills. Gentl., Both you of the Councill as well as of Assemblie, are Representatives of the people, both being chosen by them; I Have not the choice of one member of either, therefore, when I speak to you I speak to the people’s representatives, as much as when I speak to the Assemblie, and wtout yor & their Consent I cannot raise monie, & wtout monie I cannot answer the Queen’s Commands. I pray God direct you that what you doe may be to his glorie, the King’s honor, & the saftie of this poore province. Gentl., I expect your ansr.

In their reply to this address the members of the council made a favorable response, granting the money in such a way as to avoid the infringement of their conscientious scruples against abetting war, but the assembly coupled with the bill making such a grant an "act of settlement," which the governor refused to sanction, for reasons which he declined to give, and he accordingly dissolved the council and assembly. Neither body was again convened until the latter part of 1696, the council meeting on the 25th of September. How this body was summoned does not appear, but it was probably by appointment from the governor, and was composed almost entirely of gentlemen not in the last council, none appearing from Bucks county. The governor assigns as a reason for the delay in calling this body together that he "expected orders from or proprietor & Chief Governor." By his letters Markham had reason to believe some of his communications to England had been captured by the French. On the 28th the members of the council "did Unanimouslie advise the Governor to call an assembly. Whereupon the Gor ordered the secrie to prepare writts to be issued to the sheriffs of the Seall counties, to Sumon the people to meet in the usual places upon the Sixteenth of Octobr next, & the counties of philadelphia & newcastle, to choose for each of them foure persons to serve in Assembly, & the other four counties to choose for each of them three persons to serve in Assembly, to meet the 26th day of the sd mo."

The assembly thus convened sent their message to the governor, declaring "whereas the governor has been pleased to convene us, by his writs, although not in the form of our charter, as we could desire, we have obeyed the same, and considered what he has laid before us." In the end the assembly granted the money for the aid of New York, and on November 7th passed the new "Frame" by which it was provided that the council should consist of two persons, and the assembly of four persons, "of most note for virtue, wisdom and ability" out of each county, to be elected the tenth day of the first month. In all this "ado about nothing" the assembly appears to have been actuated by a fear that Penn’s representative would not observe the proprietor’s charter, and after finding objection to Markham’s resuming the old form determined to override his objection to new legislation upon the matter. When the present assembly met it transpired that eighteen months before Penn had sent a commission to Goodson to place Arthur Cook in his stead as assistant.

In 1699 Penn arrived in the province, and on the 1st of January, 1700, first met the council. On the 25th instant the assembly met in its second session, and on the 9th of February addressed "the proprietary and governor" to the effect "That whereas divers persons (as we understand) have petitioned thee that the next election for representatives to serve in council and assembly might be three persons for council and six for assembly, contrary to our present frame of government; and we being also informed that thou art inclined to issue out thy writs for choosing accordingly: Therefore we desire that thou would consider the best methods to avoid confusion we fear the people will fall into thereupon, and with submission propose that the advice and consent of the representatives, both in council and assembly, to any alteration of this kind may be proper." To this the proprietor consented, and minutes were made in the proceedings of both bodies to that effect. In obedience to the writs thus provided the assembly met on the 10th of May, and adjourned on the 8th of April. Subsequently other writs were issued for the election of four members out of each county to meet in assembly at Newcastle on the 14th of October. It is not known whether members of council were elected at the same time or not. It is quite probable that they were, but no records of the council convened at Newcastle were preserved. The occasion of this special assembly was, as announced by the proprietor, "That we wanted a Frame of Government, and Body of Laws, a Settlement of Property, and a Supply for the Support of the Government." The business was readily transacted, save in regard to the "Frame of Government," which was finally referred to the next general assembly.

A brief special session of the assembly was held in August, l701, but the "Frame" was not then taken up, and the subject would naturally have been delayed until the next assembly to meet in October, but on the 21st of August Penn received advices from England which represented that strenuous endeavors were being made to annex the several proprietary governments to the crown, and that measures to this effect had so far advanced in parliament that only the presence of the proprietor could prevent their becoming a law. It was accordingly ordered by the council "that writs be forthwith issued for calling a new assembly to sit on the 15th day of the 7th month next ensuing." The election was held on the 4th of September, and on the 15th four out of each county convened at Philadelphia. The records of the proceedings of the assembly from October 27, 1701, to the 12th of April, 1704, are wanting, but "the Charter of Priviledges" granted by Penn on October 28, 1701, has been preserved. By the second clause of this instrument it was provided that the assembly should consist of four persons out of each county, to be elected "upon the first day of October forever." The members of the council, however, were left to be appointed by the governor. A final proviso was added to the effect "that if the representatives of the province and territories shall not hereafter agree to join together in legislature, and that the same shall be signified unto me, or my deputy, in open assembly, or otherwise, from under the hands and seals of the representatives, for the time being, of the province and territories, or the major part of either of them, at any time within three years from the date hereof, that in such case the inhabitants of each of the three counties of this province shall not have less than eight persons to represent them in assembly for the province." The 14th of October was the date fixed by the charter for the meeting of the assembly each year, and on this day in 1702 the members elect from the province convened. The lower counties neglected to hold any elections, and the governor issued special writs for the purpose. In obedience to these representatives from the territories met at Philadelphia, but refused to act under the charter, declaring that they had not accepted it and could not act with the province according to its provisions without betraying their rights. After much fruitless negotiation the assembly was dissolved. In the following year the province elected eight members from each county in accordance with the provision of the charter, and this number continued constant for Bucks county until 1776, when the number was reduced to six, and subsequently to five, and then to four as indicated in the list. The council being appointed by the governor this county does not appear to have contributed to its membership subsequently to 1723 until the organization of the provisional government in 1776.

In 1684 and 1685 Joseph Growden represented Philadelphia county. In 1689 Thomas Lloyd was elected to the council from Bucks county, but his election was questioned by Governor Blackwell, and he was not admitted to his seat until January, 1690. Nicholas Walne represented Philadelphia county in 1690 after representing Bucks for several years, and in 1703 is found representing his original county again. In 1705 Samuel Carpenter represented Bucks county in the assembly and two successive years in the council.

1682. ----. --- James Harrison, Christopher Taylor, William Yardley.

1683. Council.— Christopher Taylor, James Harrison, William Biles. Assembly.— William Yardley, Samuel Darke, Robert Lucas, Nicholas Walne, John Wood, John Clowes, Thomas Fitzwater, Robert Hall, James Boyden.

1684. Council.— Christopher Taylor, James Harrison, Thomas Janney. Assembly.— William Beakes, John Clowes, Richard Hough, John Otter, Edmund Bennett.

1685. Council.—Christopher Taylor, Thomas Janney, Phineas Pemberton. Assembly.— William Beaks, Gilbert Wheeler, Henry Baker, William Darke, James Dilworth, Henry Paxson.

1686. Council.—Thomas Janney, Phineas Pemberton, Arthur Cook. Assembly.— William Yardley, Joseph Growden, John Otter, William Biles, Joshua Hoopes, John Rowland.

1687. Council.— Phineas Pemberton, Arthur Cook, Joseph Growden. Assembly.— Thomas Langhorne, Robert Hall, Nicholas Walne, Robert Lucas, Henry Baker, Edmund Bennett.

1688. Council.— Arthur Cook, Joseph Growden, William Yardley. Assembly.—Nicholas Walne, Henry Baker, Richard Hough, Joshua Hoopes, Robert Lucas, Robert Hall. (The last two dead.)

1689. Council.— Joseph Growden, William Yardley, Thomas Lloyd. (The last two dead.) Assembly.— Arthur Cook (speaker), William Biles, Phineas Pemberton, John Swift, Nicholas Walne, Edmund Bennett.

1690. Council.— William Yardley, Thomas Lloyd, Arthur Cook. Assembly.—Joseph Growden (speaker), Henry Poynter, Richard Hough, Henry Baker, Edmund Bennett, John Cook.

1691. Minutes not preserved.

1692. Council.— Minutes not preserved. Assemhly.— John Swift, John Otter, Joshua Hoopes, William Paxson, Nicholas Walne, John Rowland.

1693. Council.— None from Bucks county. Assembly.— Joseph Growden (speaker), John Swift, Henry Poynter.

1694. council.— None from Bucks county. Assembly.— William Hues, Phineas Pemberton, Jonathan Scaife.

1695. Council.— William Biles, Phineas Pemberton, Joseph Growden. Assembly.— Joshua Hoopes, Henry Paxson, Samuel Parke, Nicholas Walne, John Swift. Joseph Miller.

1696. Council. — None from Bucks county. Assembly.— William Biles, Joshua Hoopes, William Paxson.

1697. Council. —Joseph Growden, Phineas Pemberton. Assembly.— Joshua Hoopes, Stephen Beakes, Richard Hough, Jeremiah Langhorne.

1698. Council.— Joseph Growden, William Biles. Assembly.— Phineas Pemberton (speaker), Robert Heaton, Joseph Kirkbride, Henry Baker.

1699. Council.— Phineas Pemberton, William Biles. Assembly.— John Surkett, John Swift, Richard Hough, Enoch Yardley.

1700. (May.) Council.— Joseph Growden, William Biles, Richard Hough. Assembly.— John Swift, Phineas Pemberton, Joshua Hoopes, William Paxson, Jeremiah Langhorne, Samuel Darke.

1701 (October). Council.— Phineas Pemberton. Assembly.— Joseph Growden (speaker), Richard Hough, Samuel Darke, Robert Heaton.

1701. Council.— Phineas Pemberton. Assembly.—Joseph Growden (speaker), John Swift, Joshua Hoopes, William Paxson.

1702. Council.— Phineas Pemberton (died in March). Assembly.— Joseph Growden (speaker), John Swift, William Paxson, Jeremiah Langhorne.

1703. Council.— None from Bucks county. Assembly.— Nicholas Walne, William Biles, Joseph Growden, Tobias Dymmock, Richard Hough, William Paxson, Jeremiah Langhorne, Joshua Hoopes.

1704. Council.— None from Bucks county. Assembly.— William Biles, Joseph Growden. John Swift, Peter Worral, Jeremiah Langhorne, Henry Paxson, Richard Hough, Thomas Watson.

On the 11th of May, 1705, Peter Worral and Richard Hough were announced as dead, and a special election being ordered Joshua Hoopes and Samuel Beakes were returned to fill the vacancies.

1705. Council.— None from Bucks county. Assembly.— Joseph Growden (speaker), John Swift, Jeremiah Langhorne, Joshua Hoopes, Tobias Dymmock, Henry Paxson, Samuel Carpenter, William Paxson.

1706. Council.— Samuel Carpenter. Assembly.— John Swift, William Paxson, Joshua Hoopes, Henry Paxson, Samuel Darke, Thomas Hillbourne, Ezra Croasdale, Thomas Harding.

1707. Council.— Samuel Carpenter. Assembly.— Henry Paxson, Samuel Darke, John Swift, William Paxson, Thomas Hilbourne, William Biles, Ezra Croasdale, Samuel Beakes.

1708. Council.— Joseph Growden. Assembly.— William Paxson, William Biles, Joshua Hoopes, Henry Paxson, Samuel Darke, Samuel Beakes, Ezra Croasdale, Thomas Hilbourne.

1709. Council.— Joseph Growden. Assembly.— Joshua Hoopes, Samuel Beakes, Samuel Darke, Ezra Croasdale, Robert Heaton, Jr., Henry Paxson, Thomas Hilbourne, Thomas Harding.

1710. Council.— Joseph Growden. Assembly.— Abel Janney, John Clark, Stoffel Vansand, John Hough, Thomas Stevenson, Samuel Baker, Jeremiah Langhorne, William Biles.

1711. Council.— Joseph Growden. Assembly.— Jeremiah Langhorne, Thomas Stevenson, William Biles, Samuel Burges, Jr., Thomas Stackhouse, Joshua Hoopes, Robert Heaton, Jr., Samuel Baker.

1712. Council.- Joseph Growden. Assembly.— Joseph Kirkbride, John Sotcher, Thomas Watson, Thomas Stevenson, Samuel Burges, Stoffel Vansand, John Snowden, John Frost.

1713. Council.— None from Bucks county. Assembly.— Joseph Growden (speaker), John Swift, Jeremiah Langhorne, Thomas Stevenson, William Stockdale, Thomas Watson, Jr., Thomas Stackhouse, Joseph Kirkbride.

1714. Council.— Joseph Growden. Assembly.— John Swift, Joseph Kirkbride, Everard Bolton, Thomas Stevenson, Stoffel Vansand, William Stockdale, William Paxson, Robert Harvey.

1715. Council.— None from Bucks county. Assembly.— Joseph Growden (speaker), John Swift, John Sotcher, Thomas Yardley, Jeremiah Langhorne, Thomas Stackhouse, John Frost, Thomas Harding.

1716. Council.— None from Bucks county. Assembly.— Jeremiah Langhorne, Thomas Stevenson, John Sotcher, Joseph Bond, Joseph Kirkbride, Thomas Stackhouse, John Swift, James Carter.

1717. Council.— None from Bucks county. Assembly.— Thomas Stevenson, Jeremiah Langhorne, John Sotcher, William Stockdale, William Paxson, Joseph Bond, Thomas Watson, Joseph Growden.

1718. Council.— None from Bucks county. Assembly.— William Biles, Thomas Stevenson, Jeremiah Langhorne, John Sotcher, Joseph Bond, William Paxson, Joseph Kirkbride, John Swift.

1719. Council.— None from Bucks county. Assembly.— Jeremiah Langhorne, John Sotcher, William Hues, Thomas Watson, Joseph Bond, William Paxson, Stoffel Vansand, William Stockdale.

1720. Council.— Andrew Hamilton. Assembly.— Jeremiah Langhorne, John Sotcher, William Biles, Thomas Watson, Joseph Bond, Henry Nelson, William Paxson, Joseph Kirkbride.

1721. Council.— Andrew Hamilton. Assembly.— Jeremiah Langhorne (speaker), William Biles, John Sotcher, Joseph Fell, Abel Janney, Joseph Kirkbride, Jr., Bartholomew Jacobs, Thomas Canby.

1722. Council.— Andrew Hamilton. Assembly.— Joseph Growden, William Paxson, William Biles, John Sotcher, Joseph Kirkbride, Jr., George Clough, Thomas Canby, Thomas Yardley.

1723. Council.— Andrew Hamilton. Assembly.— Jeremiah Langhorne, William Biles, Thomas Watson, Matthew Hughes, Joseph Fell, Christian Vanhorne, Abraham Chapman, Benjamin Jones.

1724. Assembly.— William Biles, Jeremiah Langhorne, Joseph Fell, Christopher Vanhorne, Matthew Hughes, Thomas Watson, Benjamin Jones, Abraham Chapman.

1725. Assembly.— Jeremiah Langhorne, William Hues, Joseph Fell, Abraham Chapman, Christian Vanhorne, Matthew Hughes, Richard Mitchell, Benjamin Jones, William Paxson.

1726. Assembly.— Jeremiah Langhorne, Joseph Kirkbride, Abraham Chapman, Christian Vanhorne, Matthew Hughes, Richard Mitchell, Benjamin Jones, William Paxson.

1727. Assembly.— Joseph Kirkbride, Jeremiah Langhorne, William Paxson, Christian Vanhorne, Benjamin Jones, Matthew Hughes, Andrew Hamilton.

1728. Assembly.— Joseph Kirkbride, Jeremiah Langhorne, William Paxson, Christian Vanhorne, Abraham Chapman, Matthew Hughes, Andrew Hamilton, Benjamin Jones.

1729. Assembly.— Andrew Hamilton (speaker), Joseph Kirkbride, Jr., Jeremiah Langhorne, William Paxson, Abraham Chapman, Christian Vanhorne, Matthew Hughes, Benjamin Jones.

1730. Assembly.— Andrew Hamilton (speaker), Joseph Kirkbride, Jr., William Paxson, Jeremiah Langhorne, Abraham Chapman, Christian Vanhorne, Matthew Hughes, Thomas Canby.

1731. Assembly.— Andrew Hamilton (speaker), Joseph Kirkbride, Jr., Jeremiah Langhorne, William Paxson, Christian Vanhorne, Abraham Chapman, Matthew Hughes, Benjamin Jones.

1732. Assembly.— Andrew Hamilton (speaker), Joseph Kirkbride, Jr., Jeremiah Langhorne, William Paxson, Abraham Chapman, Christian Vanhorne, William Biles, Matthew Hughes.

1733. Assembly.— Jeremiah Langhorne (speaker), Joseph Kirkbride, Jr., Abraham Chapman, William Paxson, John Watson, Joseph Fell, Thomas Marriot, Thomas Canby. William Paxson died and did not take his seat.

1734. Assembly.— Andrew Hamilton (speaker), Joseph Kirkbride, Jr., Christian Vanhorne, Jeremiah Langhorne, Abraham Chapman, William Biles, Lawrence Growden, Thomas Marriot. Hamilton elected in Paxson’s place.

1735. Assembly.— Andrew Hamilton (speaker), Joseph Kirkbride, Jr., Christian Vanhorne, Jeremiah Langhorne, William Biles, Lawrence Growden, Matthew Hughes, Benjamin Jones.

1736. Assembly.— Andrew Hamilton (speaker), Joseph Kirkbride, Jeremiah Langhorne, Christian Vanhorne, Lawrence Growden, William Biles, Matthew Hughes, Benjamin Jones.

1737. Assembly.— Andrew Hamilton (speaker), Jeremiah Langhorne, Joseph Kirkbride, Jr., Lawrence Growden, Christian Vanhorne, William Biles, Benjamin Jones, Matthew Hughes.

1738. Assembly.— Andrew Hamilton, Jeremiah Langhorne, Joseph Kirkbride, Abraham Chapman, John Watson, Benjamin Field, Thomas Marriot, Thomas Canby.

1739. Assembly.— Andrew Hamilton (speaker), Jeremiah Langhorne, John Watson, Mark Watson, Thomas Canby, Jr., Joseph Kirkbride, Abraham Chapman, Benjamin Field, Benjamin Jones. Hamilton resigned and was succeeded by Mark Watson.

1740. Assembly.— Jeremiah Langhorne, John Hall, Mark Watson, John Watson, Abraham Chapman, Benjamin Field, Thomas Canby, Jr., Mahlon Kirkbride.

1741. Assembly.— John Hall, John Watson, Garrett Vansant, Benjamin Field, Abraham Chapman, Mahlon Kirkbride, Joseph Shaw, Mark Watson.

1742. Assembly.— Mahlon Kirkbride, Mark Watson, John Watson, Abraham Chapman, John Hall, Benjamin Field, Joseph Shaw, Garrett Vansant.

1743. Assembly.— Mahlon Kirkbride, John Watson, Abraham Chapman, John Hall, Mark Watson, Benjamin Field, Garrett Vansant, Joseph Shaw.

1744. Assembly.— John Hall, Mark Watson, Mahlon Kirkbride, Abraham Chapman, Benjamin Field, John Watson, Garrett Vansant, Joseph Shaw.

1745. Assembly.— John Hall, Mark Watson, Mahlon Kirkbride, Benjamin Field, Abraham Chapman, John Watson, Richard Mitchell, Cephas Child.

1746. Assembly.— Richard Mitchell, Derrick Hogeland, Abraham Chapman, Mahlon Kirkbride, John Watson, John Hall, Cephas Child, Joseph Hampton.

1747. Assembly.— Mahlon Kirkbride, Cephas Child, Joseph Hampton, Derrick Hogeland, Richard Walker, John Watson, Abraham Chapman, John Hall.

1748. Assembly.— Derrick Hogeland, Mahlon Kirkbride, Cephas Child, Joseph Hampton, Abraham Chapman, John Watson. George Logan, Richard Mitchell.

1749. Assembly.— John Wolfton, Samuel Eastburn, Joseph Hampton, Mahlon Kirkbride, Richard Walker, Griffith Owen, Garret Vansant, John Hall.

1750. Assembly.— Mahlon Kirkbride, Joseph Hampton, John Wolfton, Griffith Owen, John Hall, Garret Vansant, Richard Walker, Abraham Chapman.

1751. Assembly.— Mahlon Kirkbride, Joseph Hampton, Abraham Chapman, John Wolfton, Griffith Owen, Richard Walker, Samuel Brown, Garret Vansant.

1752. Assembly.— Abraham Chapman, William Hoge, Joseph Hampton, Derrek Hogeland, Mahlon Kirkbride, Samuel Brown, Richard Walker, Griffith Owen.

1753. Assembly.— Griffith Owen, Derrick Hogeland, Jonathan Ingham, William Smith, Mahlon Kirkbride, Joseph Hampton, Samuel Brown, William Hoge.

1754. Assembly.— Joseph Hampton, William Hoge, Jonathan Ingham, Samuel Brown, Mahlon Kirkbride, William Smuith, Griffith Owen, Derrick Hogeland.

1755. Assembly— Jonathan Ingham, Griffith Owen, Samuel Brown, Derrick Hogeland, William Smith, William Hoge, Mahlon Kirkbride, Joseph Hampton.

1756. Assembly.— Joseph Hampton, Mahlon Kirkbride, William Smith, James Melvin, William Hoge, Gabriel Vanhorne, Griffith Owen, Richard Walker. Kirkbride and Hoge resigned, and John Abraham DeNormandie and Thomas Blackledge were elected.

1757. Assembly.— Griffith Owen, Gabriel Vanhorne, James Melvin, Thomas Blackledge, Richard Walker, Amos Strickland, William Smith, John Abraham DeNormandie (deceased).

1758. Assembly.— Amos Strickland, Benjamin Chapman, Joseph Watson, Derrick Hogeland, Joseph Kirkbride, Griffith Owen, William Smith, James Melvine.

1759. Assembly.— Benjamin Chapman, James Melvine, William Smith, Jonathan Ingham, Jacob Bogart, Mahlon Kirkbride, Amos Strickland, Griffith Owen.

Mahlon Kirkbride vacated his seat at the request of the council in London, as it was desirable that there should be no Quaker in the assembly during the war, and Joseph Watson was elected.

1760. Assembly.— Abraham Chapman, Joseph Hampton, Henry Wynkoop, Giles Knight, William Smith, George Ely, Amos Strickland, James Melvin.

1761. Assembly.— Abraham Chapman, William Smith, John Wilkinson, Samuel Foulke, Samuel Brown, Giles Knight, James Melvin, Henry Wynkoop.

1762. Assembly.— John Wilkinson, Giles Knight, Samuel Brown, Henry Krewson, Samuel Foulke, Abraham Chapman, William Smith, James Melvin.

1763. Assembly.— Henry Krewson, Abraham Chapman, James Melvin, William Rodman, Samuel Foulke, Giles Knight, William Smith, Samuel Brown.

1764. Assembly.— Samuel Brown, William Smith, Henry Krewson, James Melvin, Giles Knight, William Rodman, Peter Shepherd, Samuel Foulke.

1765. Assembly.— Samuel Foulke, William Rodman, James Melvin, William Smith, Samuel Brown, Giles Knight, Henry Krewson, Peter Shepherd.

1766. Assembly.— Henry Krewson, Benjamin Chapman, Joseph Hampton, James Melvin, William Rodman, Samuel Foulke, Peter Shepherd, Samuel Browne.

1767. Assembly.— William Rodman, Thomas Yardley, John Brown, Joseph Watson, Samuel Foulke, Peter Shepherd, Henry Kresson, Benjamin Chapman.

1768. Assembly.— Peter Sheplmerd, Samuel Foulke, Benjamin Chapman, Giles Knight, William Rodman, Joseph Watson, Henry Krewson, John Brown.

1769. Assembly.— Joseph Watson, Giles Knight, William Rodman, John Foulke, Henry Krewson, John Brown, Peter Shepherd, Benjamin Chapman.

1770. Assembly.— Joseph Galloway (speaker), Joseph Watson, William Rodman, Benjamin Chapman, John Foulke, Peter Shepherd, John Brown, Henry Krewson.

1771. Assembly.— Joseph Galloway (speaker), Joseph Watson, Benjamin Chapman, Peter Shepherd, William Rodman, John Foulke, Henry Krewson, John Foulke.

1772. Assembly.— Joseph Galloway (speaker), Benjamin Chapman, Joseph Ellicott, Peter Shepherd, William Rodman, Henry Krewson, John Brown, John Foulke.

1773. Assembly.— Benjamin Chapman, William Rodmnan, John Foulke, John Brown, Henry Krewson, Peter Shepherd, Joseph Galloway.

1774. Assembly.— John Haney, John Brown, John Foulke, William Rodman, Benjamin Chapman, Joseph Galloway, Robert Kirkbride, Gerardus Wynkoop.

1775. Assembly.— William Rodman, John Haney, Cerardus Wynkoop, John Foulke, Benjamin Chapman, David Twining, John Brown, Thomas Jenks.

1776. Assembly.— John Crawford, John Keller, John Wilkinson, Samuel Smith, James Benizet, Joseph Kirkbride.

1777. Council.— Joseph Hart. Assembly.— John Keller, Gilliam Cornell, Joseph Kirkbride. Arthur Watts, John Folwell, Matthew Greer.

1778. Council.— Joseph Hart. Assembly.— John Keller, Cerardus Wynkoop, Samuel Smith, John Lacey, Jr., William Scott, Arthur Watts.

1779. Council.— John Lacey, Jr. Assembly.— Gerardus Wvnkoop, Benjamin Fell, William Scott, Arthur Watts, Joseph Savage.

1780. Council.— John Lacey, Jr. Assembly.— Benjamin Fell, Joseph Savage, William Scott, Gerardus Wynkoop, James Morgan.

1781. Council.— John Lacey, Jr. Assembly.— Gerardus Wynkoop, James Wilkinson, Thomas Long, James Tate, Charles Kichline.

1782. Council.— George Wall, Jr. Assembly.— Thomas Long, James Wilkinson, James Tate, Joseph Savage, Joseph Thomas.

1783. Council.— George Wall, Jr. Assembly.— Thomas Long, Joseph Thomas, Joseph Savitz, John Clark, Richard Rue.

1784. Council.— George Wall, Jr. Assembly.— Thomas Long, John Clark, Joseph Thomas, John Keller, Arthur Erwin.

1785. Council.— Samuel Dean. Assembly.— John Clark, Arthur Erwin, Samuel Foulke, John Smith, Joseph Thomas.

1786. Council.— Samuel Dean. Assembly.— Samuel Foulke, Gerardus Wynkoop, John Chapman, Valentine Upp.

1787. Council.— Samuel Dean. Assembly.— Gerardus Wynkoop, John Chapman, Samuel Foulke, Valentine Upp.

1788. Council.— Amos Gregg. Assembly.— Gerardus Wynkoop, John Chapman, Samuel Foulke, Valentine Upp.

1749. Council.— Amos Gregg. Assembly.— Gerardus Wynkoop, Valentine Upp, John Chapman, James Bryan.

Under the constitution of 1790 the legislature was constituted with senate and house of representatives. The district in which Bucks was included was made up of Philadelphia city and county, and the adjoining counties of Delaware, Bucks, and Chester. Thomas Jenks, of Bucks, was the first senator, and in 1793, as a member of the committee of accounts, reported his own charges as follows:—

To ten (10) days’ service $30.00
"mileage, 48 4.80


From 1796 to 1804 the district embraced the counties of Bucks, Chester, and Montgomery. In 1804 Bucks county alone formed a senatorial district until 1874. From 1825 to 1844 it was known as the fifth senatorial district; from 1844 to 1859 it was designated as the sixth; from 1859 to 1865 it was known as the fourth; and from 1865 to 1874 it was again called the sixth. At the latter date Bucks was joined with Northampton county to form the seventh district, and two years later was alone made a district and designated as the tenth. The following gentlemen have represented the county in the upper house of the legislature:

1790—1796, Thomas Jenks; 1796, William Chapman; 1797, Joseph McClellan; 1798, Dennis Whelen; 1799, ---- ----; 1800—4, William Rodman; 1804—8, Joseph Hart; 1808—16, William Erwin; 1816—25, Cyrus Cadwallader; 1825—28, Eli Kitchen; 1828—33, Matthias Morris; 1834—40, William T. Rogers; 1841—43, Samuel A. Smith; 1844—46, Henry Chapman; 1847—49, Josiah Rich; 1850—52, Benjamin Malone; 1853—55, Howard Sager; 1856—58, Jonathan Ely; 1859—61, Mahlon Yardley; 1862—64, William Kinsey; 1865—67, Oliver P. James; 1868—70, Richard J. Linderman; 1871—73, Jesse W. Knight; 1871—76, Harman Yerkes; 1877—81, Joseph Thomas; 1882—86, C.S. Vandergrift; 1887, George Ross.

In the lower house of the legislature Bucks county was apportioned a representation of four members until 1836. It was then reduced to three, and so continued until 1857, when the apportionment was reduced to two members. Under the constitution of 1873, the term of representatives which had hitherto been one year was increased to two, and the number of members from the county restored to four. The following list was furnished by the Hon. Joseph Barnsley, of Warminster. As far as possible the political affiliations of the members are indicated by letters, "d." for democrat, "f." for federal, "a.m." for anti-mason, "w." for whig, "r." for republican, "u." for union, and "c.r." for constitutional republican. The figures following the name indicate re-elections.

1790, 1791, 1792. John Chapman, 1793—4—5; Ralph Stover, 1793—4—5—6—7—8—9; Gerardus Wynkoop, 1793—9 (from Newtown tp.); James Bryan.

1793. John Chapman, Ralph Stover, Gerardus Wynkoop, Joseph Erwin, 1798—99.

1794—1795. John Chapman, Ralph Stover, John Hulme, 1796, 1806—7—8—10; Theophilus Foulke, 1796—7.

1796. Ralph Stover, John Hulme, Theophilus Foulke, Isaac Van Horn, 1797—8—9, 1800.

1797. Ralph Stover, Theophilus Foulke, Isaac Van Horn, Isaac Wilson.

1798. Ralph Stover, Isaac Van Horn, Isaac Watson, Joseph Erwin.

1799. Ralph Stover, Isaac Van Horn, Joseph Erwin, Gerardus Wynkoop.

1800. Isaac Van Horn, John Pugh, 1801—2—3; John Smith, 1801—2—3—4—9—10; John McElroy, f., 1801—2.

1801. John Pugh, John Smith, John McElroy, f., Wm. W. Folwell.

1802. John Pugh, John Smith, Samuel Smith, d., 1803—4—10—11—12—13; John McElroy, f.

1803. John Pugh, John Smith, Samuel Smith, Wm. Milnor, 1804—5.

1804. John Smith, Samuel Smith, Wm. Milnor, Robert Smith.

1805. Wm. Milnor, Samuel D. Ingham, 1806—7; Nathaniel Shewell, 1806—7; Paul Apple. 1806—7 (elected by the constitutional republican party with T. McKean, for governor).

1806, 1807. Samuel D. Ingham, c.r.; Nathaniel Shewell, c.r.; Paul Apple, c.r.; John Hulme.

1808. John Hulme, f.; Jenkins Evans, 1809, f.; Henry Funk, 1809, f.; John McNair, f. (Southampton).

1809. Jenkins Evans, f.; Henry Funk, f.; Wm. Mitchell, 1810—11, f.; John Smith, f.

1810. Wm. Mitchell, f.; John Smith, f.; John Hulme, f.; Samuel Smith, d.

1811. Wm. Mitchell, f.; Samuel Smith, d.; Joseph Clum, 1812—13, d.; Michael Fackenthal, 1813—14, d.

1812. Samuel Smith, d.; Joseph Chum, d.; Wm. H. Rowland, d.; 1813—14—15,

Charles Meredith, f.

1813. Samuel Smith, d.; Joseph Clum, d.; W.H. Rowland, d.; Michael Fackenthall, d.

1814. Wm. H. Rowland, d.; Michael Fackenthall, d.; George Harrison, d.; David Wynkoop, f., 1815—16—17—18—19.

1815. Wm. H. Rowland, d.; David Wynkoop, f.; Phineas Jenks, f., 1816—17—18—19 (Newton); Samuel Sellers, d., 1816.

1816. David Wynkoop, f.; Phineas Jenks, f.; Samuel Sellers, d.; Benj. Foulke, f., 1817—19—20.

1817. Phineas Jenks, f.; Benj. Foulke, f.; David Wynkoop, f.; Abraham Stover, f.

1818. Phineas Jenks, f.; David Wynkoop, f.; Thomas G. Kennedy, d.; Thomas Stewart, d.

1819. Phineas Jenks, f.; David Wynkoop, f.; Benj. Foulke, f.; Crispin Blackfan, d.

1820. Benj. Foulke, f.; Abraham F. Stover, f.; Charles Lombert, f., 1828; Thomas Jenks, f.

1821. Wm. Purdy, d., 1822—23—24; Joshua B. Calvin, d., 1822—23—24; Solomon McNair, d., 1822—23; John Moore, f.

1822, 1823. Wm. Purdy, d. (Southampton); Joshua B. Calvin, d.; Solomon McNair, d.; Abraham Smith, d.

1824, Mm. Purdy, d.; Joshua B. Calvin, d.; John Matts, d., 1825—26—27; John Fackenthall, d., 1825—26—27.

1825, 1826, 1827. John Matts, d.; John Fackenthall, d.; Robert Ramsey, d., 1829—31; George Harrison, d., 1834—35.

1828. Charles Lombemt, f. (Newtown); James Horner, f. (Warwick); Jacob Clymer, f.; James Wilson, f. (Tinicum).

1829. Robert Ramsey, d. (Warwick); Aaron Tomlinson, d. (Middletown); Cornelius Sellers, d.; John G. Griffith, d.

1830. Benjamin Reigel, a.m., 1834—35; John Keller, a.m.; John Yardley, f. (L. Makefield); Albert Smith, a.m.

1831. Robert Ramsey, d.; Aaron Tomlinson, d.; Daniel Boileau, d., 1832—33; Christian Bertells, d.; 1832—33.

1832. Daniel Boileau, d.; Christian Bertells, d.; John H. Bispham. d., 1833; John Hart, d. (Warminster).

1833. Daniel Boileau, d.; Christian Bertells, d.; John H. Bispham, d.; Wm. Watson, w. (Buckingham).

1834, 1835. George Harrison, d.; Benjamin Reigel, d.; Jacob Hooker, d.; Isaiah James, d., 1836—7—8.

1836. Isaiah James, d. (New Britain); Daniel Y. Harman, d. (U. Makefield); Solomon Fries, d.

1837, 1838. Isaiah James, d.; Aaron Ivans, w. (Falls tp.); Joseph Fell, w. (Buckingham).

1839. Stokes L. Roberts, d. (Doylestown); Wm. Field, d. (Newtown); Samuel Penrose, d. (Richland).

1840. Seruck Titus, w. (Buckingham); John Apple, d., 1841—2; Isaac Van Horne, d.

1841. John Apple, d.; Joseph Thomas, d.; 1842; Abel N. Griffith, d.

1842. John Apple, d.; Joseph Thomas, d.; Nicholas McCarthy, w., 1843.

1843. Nicholas McCarthy, w. (Nockamixon) ; Matthias Shaw, w. (Solebury); Benj. Thompson, w. (Falls).

1844, 1845. William M. Armstrong, d. (L. Makefiehi); Michael Worman, d.; Robert James, d. (Doylestown.)

1846. John Dixon, w.; John Robbins, w. (Falls); George Warner, w. (Wrightstown).

1847, 1848. James W. Long, d. (Durham); Peter D. Bloom, d. (Hilltown); Edward Nickleson, d. (L. Makefield).

1849. Edward Nickleson, d.; Hiram A. Williams, w., 1858 (Tinicum); James

Flowers, w. (Middletown).

1850, 1851, 1852. Edward Thomas, d.; Jonathan Ely, d. (Solebury); Noah Shull, d. (Bemisalem).

1853. Evan Groom, d. (Southampton); Silas H. Beans, d. (Buckingham); Luther Calvin, d., 1864—5—6 (Tinicum).

1854. Samuel F. Gwinner, w. & a.m. (Nockamixon); Watson P. McGill, w. & a.m. (Solebury); E.G. Harrison, w. & a.m. (Middletown).

1855, 1856. John H. Lovett, d., 1857 (Morrisville); John Maugle, d., 1857; Alexander B. Johnson, d.

1857. John H. Lovett, d.; John Maugle, d.

1858. Joseph Barnsley, r.; 1859—60 (Warminster); Hiram A. Williams, r.

1859. Joseph Barnsley, r.; Jessie W. Knight, d. (Bristol).

1860. Joseph Barnsley, r.; Asher Reily, r. (Tinicum).

1861, 1862, 1863. James R. Boileau, d. (Tinicum); L. La Bar, d. (Plumstead).

1864, 1865, 1866. Luther Calvin, d, ; Francis W. Headman, d. (Bensalem).

1867, 1868, 1869. Joshua Beans, d. (Doylestown); Edward McKinstry, d. (Wrightstown).

1870, 1871. Samuel Darrah, d., 1872 (Doylestown); Sextus C. Pursell, r. (Nockamixon).

1872. Samuel Darrah, d.; George Hegemuan, d., 1873 (Rockhill).

1873. George Hegeman, d.; J. Miles Jamison, d., 1874—80—82 (Northampton).

1874. J. Miles Jamison, d.; J.W. Carver, d., 1876; Charles Willett, d. (Bensalem); J. Paul Knight, r. (Southampton).

1875. Legrand Law, d. (to fill vacancy), 1876.

1876. Legrand Law, d. (Middletown); Hiram Scarborough, d. (New Hope); Henry C. Moore, d. (Richland); James W. Carver, d.

1878. William B. Worthington, r. (Buckingham); Symington B. Phillips, d., 1880—84 (Bristol); John H. Burton, r. (Bristol); Henry C. Moore, d.

1880. Symington Phillips, d.; J. Miles Jamison, d.; Thomas McReynolds, d., 1882. (New Britain); Charles D. Wonsidler, d., 1882.

1882. J. Miles Jamison, d.; Charles D. Wonsidler, d.; Thomas McReynolds, d. James M. Snyder, d. (Lower Makefield).

1884. Henry J. Shoemaker, r. (Falls); John Swartz, d.; Charles Gain, d. (Wrightstown); Symington Phillips, d.

1886. Augustine Willett, d.; Charles Gain, d.; John Swartz, d.; Christian E. Hindenach, d.


The relics of the stone age are found in great abundance in Bucks county. All of these are the product of the Indian tribes which had their homes here prior to the coming of the whites, and few claim a greater antiquity than the seventeenth century. Arrow-heads, hammers, sinkers, plummets, scrapers, and spear-points are plentiful. Among the rarer specimens of Indian handiwork to be found here are polishing stones, grooved axes, celts, knives, pestles, hoes, drills, ceremonial hatchets, and amulets. Fragments of pottery are also found in great abundance, and many of them are remarkably well preserved. On some the ornamentation, consisting of a series of lines and dots around the rim, is as distinct as when first made. These articles are most abundant in Durham township, and many fine collections have been made and are preserved in different parts of the county.

Some rare specimens of Indian art have been discovered near Fairview in Hilltown. These, as Charles Laubach describes them, "are manufactured or cut of slightly red shale, native to the locality. It requires but a slight stretch of the imagination to call these objects Indian busts. The resemblance to the prevailing Indian bust and features of prehistoric times is great, and in fact the ethnological features are precisely what would be looked for by archaeologists in such a place. The ridge-like apex, well pointed, the receding intellect, the broad and fully developed animal propensities, with a rounded thick neck, are faithfully delineated." There were five of these, the finest of which is care fully finished and well preserved. It probably weighs one hundred pounds. Two others were less preserved, but bear evidence of careful workmanship, one of which may be seen in the historical society’s collection. The other two were in situ and only partly completed.

The situation in which they were discovered suggests that they may have been intended as burial memorials. "About half a mile southeast of Fairview in a gently sloping valley is a small stream, and on its southern side is a meadow of several acres in extent. Near the stream, along its southern bank, is a mound-like knoll about one hundred yards in length by thirty or more feet in width. This mound at one time extended about seventy-five yards more in an easterly direction, but at the present time it is about five feet lower than the western portion, having been at some remote period washed by the stream." It was on this low ground that these "busts" were found. About fifty yards east of this place is found a rock exposure from which the material of the monumental stones was obtained. There is no record of any remains found here, nor are there any data by which to form an intelligent judgment of the age of these objects of prehistoric art. The entire absence of implements at this point and the slowness with which this stone is known to disintegrate have led Mr. Laubach to fix their date as pre-Columbian. The same investigator believes that "about the genuineness of these art productions and of their pre-historic origin there can be no question."

In 1882 John S. Bailey called attention in a paper read before the historical society to a remarkable stone which, though discovered some ten years before, had not to this time been generally known. Having briefly described the people of the later Stone Age, the writer referred to this important relic as follows:
     In 1872 a young man named Bernard Hansel, while plowing his father’s field, located on the east side of the Durham road, about two miles north of Buckingham mountain, found a part of this stone or breast-plate as it may be termed. Nothing in particular attracted his attention, except the few lines drawn upon its face, and it was placed with his collection of arrow-heads, of which he had found great numbers in the same field. Since that time he had been on the watch for the other part and was rewarded by finding it a few months ago while plowing in the same field and about the same spot the first part was found. This is a singular incident, as they may have been broken apart centuries ago, and without the latter part we would fail to read the first correctly. It might be well to state that the field from whence so many relics have been found is near five springs and was a hunting or encamping ground, being near the great Indian pathway that existed from the Delaware at Point Pleasant through Bucks, from thence to the falls of the Susquehanna.

     The stone is of liver color, perhaps of slate or shale limestone, present length four and one-half inches, width one and three-quarter inches, and one-quarter inch in thickness.
     The artist in depicting this event has probably given us as much history in the same space as we would expect of our artists of the present day; and, Mr. President, when the leading painter of America, Benjamin West, in his historical painting of "Penn’s treaty with the Indians," represents men of mature years who were but children and did not arrive in this country until seven years after the treaty, and William Penn, the prominent feature, was not here until the treaty was ratified; while the costumes were not worn for nearly a century, and after the three-story buildings did not exist; when this great artist is allowed to fancy and produce something of a fictitious order for the history of the founding of this commonwealth, then we should allow some license to the savage, with his rude engraving tools, if he should not make perfect curved lines and his perspective should be a trifle faulty.
     Our interpretation of the engraving is that the scene or action represents an encounter with one or more huge animals. In the cut only one is in view, a mastodon, the same as described as belonging to the European Stone Age. The tusks and proboscis are plainly visible, while the perpendicular lines on various parts of the body must indicate the long hair with which the animals were covered, necessary for a cold climate.
     The fossils of the mastodon or hairy elephant are found in many parts of Siberia, and in 1799 an animal nearly complete in its parts was found imbedded in the ice on the Siberian coast. They roamed over Central Europe, from Ireland to the Ural mountains, from thence across Northern Asia to Behring’s straits, to Canada and the United States.
     If we allow the stature of Indians represented in the engraving to be five feet in height, and the artist has given us a correct proportion and delineation of the monster, it would measure twenty-six feet in length, eighteen feet in height, twelve feet depth of body, and length of tusks on the curved line thirteen feet. These measurements have been exceeded by remains found in many places in this country.

     One of the braves has a drawn bow and an arrow pierces the side of the monarch, which signifies that they could fight him with their arrows. Near this brave stands another, with his spear set upright in the ground, or placed perpendicular— shows that their spears are useless— they could not get close enough to use them. A third party is reclining on the ground near a large stone, smoking his pipe. Some of them were cowardly and hid themselves and left the braves to do the work. Still another is under the monster’s feet. We would infer that same were killed by him. He is more destructive than the forked lightning, which is beautifully depicted. He is as tall as the tree-tops. He is more powerful than the sun’s rays; more changeable than the moon, which is now a crescent; wonderful as the course of the planets through the heavens. Venus is enlarged as brighter than the others. They were numerous as a multitude of stars, which are illustrated by the crossed lines.
     On the reverse side of the stone are various symbols of tribes, perhaps of those connected with the event. Most conspicuous are the turtle, eagle, sea-snake, and reindeer, or elk with large antlers. Also, plainly outlined on one end is their early history. Large, crooked lines represent water, and a large fish floats in it, while a number of crossed lines are over the water. Near the water lines, five points, or peaks, are presented. Next is a mountain peak with its rocky sides. Directly over the mountain is a cross, and on the off-side of the mountain from the five peaks is a square tablet, and within its borders are ten dots regularly spaced off.      This history would read: That they crossed time great water; they were acquainted with the five peaks of the Cascade range, their ancestors lived within view of them; they crossed the mountain of rocks or the Rocky mountains, and ten dots mean there were ten tribes at the crossing, or that ten generations, epochs or cycles had passed by since the crossing; they kept a record of great events, and every fifty-two years was a cycle, when great feasts were celebrated, and every three hundred and twelve years, or six of these cycles, was an extra epoch. Maybe ten of these extra feast years had passed.
     Again, proof of age exists in the stone with its milled or ornamental edge, which is worn out in many places. This could not be done while in the ground, or it would have been uniform over the stone.
     My friends, you may say this stone relates to an event of the prehistoric times of this country, but how easily the little ornament could be brought from some point in the west, as the bones of large monsters have been found and described, and many students are acquainted with the size and habits of those of the Mississippi valley.
     This is true, but we have further evidence of their existence here. This large fossil is a section of the vertebrae of some animal larger than the African elephant, that no doubt roamed through our land in those far-off days. It was found about seventy years ago about three miles south of Buckingham mountain, was built in a wall near the Anchor hotel, where it remained for perhaps fifty years. It was supposed to belong to a whale, but the indication of a space for marrow through the centre would prove it as belonging to a land animal. It measures over twelve inches in diameter, and is over six inches in length; allowing at least two inches to be worn away, would make the length of the back of the animal nearly thirteen feet, there being nineteen dorsal vertebrae. Other large bones or ribs were found a few years ago, and found their way to Doylestown, and placed on exhibition.

The owner of this curious relic inconsiderately took brush and water, and even a sharp stick, to clean out the engraved lines. This totally changed the appearance of the stone, and when subsequently brought to the attention of scientists, evoked a good deal of skepticism as to its genuine character. A spirited controversy arose between those who denounced it as a forgery, and those who believed otherwise. The former are found only among those who have made the acquaintance of the relic in its furbished state, and most of them after the charge of forgery had been made. There is not the slightest evidence to show any motive for such a forgery, and as far as the facts have been elicited, they go to show that no one possessed of the necessary scientific information to produce such a forgery has ever been in the vicinity. Neither the discoverer nor the present owner has been charged with collusion with the supposed forger; nor is the genuineness of the stone itself contested. The utmost claim of the objectors to its authenticity is that the stone was not first examined by some scientist of generally acknowledged ability; that certain lines apparently indicate the work of a metal instrument; and that no patine is observed to warrant the great age. All this is determined by expert testimony which, although sanctioned by some of the best scientific men, does not carry conviction to an unbiased mind. It is true, also, that its authenticity is not established, as indeed, in the nature of the case, it cannot be, but the presumption from all the evidence in the case is in its favor.

It is unfortunate that the owner did not understand the importance of submitting the stone to scientists in its original condition, as he doubtless would if he had been informed of its archaeological value, or in collusion with a forger. As it is, the unfortunate doubts which have been cast upon its genuineness have robbed it of its value as a contribution to the study of pre-historic art, without eliminating it from the data which the careful student will wish to examine. As the discussion now stands, it is only calculated to bewilder the unscientific reader. A careful rιsumι of the whole subject may be found in the "Lenape Stone, or the Indian and the Mammoth," published by G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1885, from which the above plates are taken by permission of the publishers.



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