Upper & Lower Turkeyfoot Townships

Welcome to both Upper & Lower Turkeyfoot Townships!

This page is part of the Somerset County, Pennsylvania portion of the PAGenWeb
Township Page Link


This page is reformatted from the two sets of files for the above Townships.



The History of Upper Turkeyfoot Township

Upper TURKEYFOOT township was organized in 1848, its territory, up to that date, having been included in the old township of Turkeyfoot. This region was settled early, but much of the land, owing to its mountainous and rugged features still remains uncleared. There are few, if any, portions of the county which afford more attractive scenery. This township contains more than an average number of fine farms.

A large number of the early settlers were Irish. Many of their descendants are still living upon the original homesteads. But it is difficult to conceive the changes that have been wrought since their ancestors penetrated the heart of the wilderness, and, fighting their way against countless obstacles, prepared for the civilization of today. This entire region was tilled with wild game, and therefore it was not difficult for the pioneer to obtain the means of subsistence; but it required arduous and long continued toil to clear off the forests, subdue the earth and render it fit for cultivation. How dreary, how remote from the world, yet how courageous and how trustful were the lives of the early settlers.

John Cunningham was born in Ireland in 1774. At the age of sixteen he came to America, and after living for a time near Fort Hill, in Addison township, settled near Paddytown upon a farm. where he died in 1841. He married Jane McClintock, and was the father of eleven children: Alexander, James, William, John, Jane (Hanna), Mary (Gower) and Elizabeth, Robert, Easton and Margaret (Justice). John inherited his father's farm, and lived upon it until his death in 1875. His widow is still living, and also her ten children. Two of the sons, Brookley and Coston. have charge of the farm which is a good one, in a flourishing condition. Dr. Wesley Cunningham, of Gebhartsburg, is also a son of John, Jr.

Jacob Younkin, an early settler near Kingwood, was a native of Germany, and came to this county from Bucks county, Pennsylvania. After his death his farm was equally divided between his two sons, John J. and Henry. John J. was born on the old homestead in 1787, and died in 1839. He married Pollv Hartzell, and reared eleven children, three of whom survive: Jacob, Herman and Elizabeth (Hare). Herman Younkin is a farmer, and resides in this township. He has been a member of the Methodist Episcopal church forty years, and a local preacher for thirty years. He has served as assessor and collector several terms.

Frederick Younkin was born in Bucks county about 1762. At an early age he settled near Kingwood, and cleared up a farm. He was one of the earliest settlers in that neighborhood, and experienced much annoyance from bears, panthers and other wild animals which then infested the forests. He was a shoemaker by trade, and also carried on distilling and farming. He died in 1843. His children were Moses, John, Frederick F., Henry, Betsey, Polly, Christina (Dull), Catharine (Lamer), Sarah (Weimer) and Peggy(Pinkey). Frederick F. was born in 1800, on the farm where he still resides. His son, J. C., lives on a farm adjacent to the homestead. He purchased it of his father in 1857.

Henry Kreger. a native of Germany, settled in Middle Creek township in 1836. He died in Upper Turkey-Foot where several of his children now live. His son, Henry S., born in Germany in 1800 came to this county about 1834. He has resided in this township since about 1847, and now lives with his son Christopher. His son Jacob, who was born in Middle Creek township, has been engaged in the mercantile business at Kingwood since 1864. He was a soldier in the late war, and lost a leg at Fredericksburg. Mr. Kreger has held several township offices.

Baltzer Gerhard, a native of Germany, came to Brother's Valley township in 1826. His son Jacob came to America with him in 1819, and in 1845 settled in this township. He has served as justice of the peace for twenty-three years. Jacob B. Gerhard, son of Jacob, is a native of this township. He was engaged in teaching for a time, but since 1881 has been carrying on the mercantile business in Kingwood.

Rudolph Meyers, a native of Stony Creek township, settled in Upper Turkey-Foot about 1838 purchasing a farm of three hundred and sixty acres of Barney Conollv. He died in 1874. Mr.. Meyers was the father of eight children. His eldest son, Jonas, served in the late war from August, 1862, to June, 1863, in Co.C, 142d regt. Penn. Vol., and was wounded at Hatcher's Run and at Cold Harbor. He purchased the farm on which he lives, of William J. Baer, in 1867.

John Henry, whose father was a revolutionary soldier, moved from McConnellsburg to this township about 1808. He settled upon a farm of two hundred and twenty-eight acres, which he cleared and improved. A cabin had previously been erected on the farm by an early settler named Henry Grove. When Mr. Henry came, and for many succeeding years, the country about him was wild and inhabited largely by wolves and bears, which destroyed his hogs, sheep and young cattle. During the winter of 1835 John Henry and his neighbor, David Whipkey entrapped and killed thirty-five bears.

During the years 1808-10 there were but few families in the vicinity. The Whipkeys-Henry, David and George; Peter Gary, who had been a fifer in the revolutionary war, and Nicholas and James Knight, with their families, were the only settlers in Mr. Henrv's neighborhood, in this township. After settling here, John Henry married Elizabeth Imel, daughter of Henry Imel, of Fayette county. They had seven sons. Jacob, who is the eldest, has always resided in this township. He lives on the old homestead, and is now seventy-two years of age. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Peter Gary, and granddaughter of the revolutionary fifer above-mentioned. They have reared eleven children, five of whom are living.

Peter Gary was born in what is now Middle Creek township, about 1785 and lived for eighteen or twenty years on the farm of his father, Peter Gary. John Gary, son of the first mentioned Peter, was born in 1819, and died in 1883. He married Margaret, sister of Jacob Henry, and was the father of twelve children, of whom eleven are living—Eve, Thomas, Mary. Catharine, Elizabeth, Fanny, Barbara, Jonas, Jacob, William and John. John Gary, Sr., settled in Upper Turkev-Foot about 1840.

William Eicher, a native of Fayette county, settled in this township in 1845. His farm is among the best in the township.

John Eicher, brother of William is also a native of Fayette county, and has resided in this township since 1850. Mr. Eicher has held several township offices. The farms owned by William and John Eichler formerly belonged to James Cunningham, now deceased.

Jacob Augustine, a thrifty farmer of this township, is a native of Addison township, where both his father, Peter Augustine, Jr., and his grandfather, Peter Augustine, lived. In 1861 Mr. Augustine came to Upper Turkey-Foot, and purchased a farm of three hundred acres of Samuel McMillen This farm, under Mr. Augustine's management, has much improved and increased in value. A recent discovery of a six-foot vein of coal has been made upon this farm.

A postoffice was established at Paddytown probably as early as 1820. John K. McMillen was the first postmaster.

Paddytown is a small settlement, so named from the fact that the earliest settlers in the locality w ere nearly all Irishmen.

Probably the first gristmill in Upper Turkey-Foot was built by Matthew Pinkerton, near Paddvtown. It was rebuilt several times, and finally converted into a distillery, which was burned. About 1840 the old mill became a noted place, owing to the operations of a band of counterfeiters, who made it their headquarters. The manufacture of spurious silver coin was carried on quite extensively for some time, but at length the counterfeiters were discovered, and some of them punished.

In 1880 a manufacturing industry, which promised to be important, was undertaken in this township. Markel & Co., of Pittsburgh, erected a large pulpmill, and began the manufacture of paper pulp from spruce. The business was carried on for about two years, when the company failed, and the property passed into the hands of an assignee.


This village consists of about a dozen houses. The first store was erected by A. W. Walter about 1856.. It has since been rebuilt, and is now occupied by Jacob Kreger. A. W. Walter also erected the first dwelling-bouse in the place in 1854. A. J. Shultz built the first blacksmith shop about 1868. Kingwood's business interests in 1883 were two stores, one blacksmith-shop, one shoemaker-shop, three cabinetshops and one physician. The village contains two churches.


This village was laid out in 1869 by L. L. Wolfersberger and D. J. Phillippi, who were the owners of the land. The plat was made on an extensive scale, but unfortunately the place is slow in building. Casselman contains two stores, one blacksmith-shop and one shoemakershop. It is a point from which considerable lumber, bark, charcoal, railroad ties, etc., are shipped. The first house in Casselman was built by L. L. Wolfersberger in 1869. The first store was erected the same year by John R Weimer. The shookshop, erected bv Weakland & Nutter in 1873, is still in operation and affords employment to six hands. A steam sawmill, operated by C. Berkley and Isaac Grossuch, manufactures ties and lumber. Jacob Hochstetler, who lives at Casselman, operates a coalbank near the village. Mr.. Hochstetler also owns a good limequarrv, from which large quantities of limestone are sold. William Zufall and B. F. Snyder also operate a quarry and kiln, carrying on the most extensive business of any in the township in this line. They employ from six to eight laborers and burn an average number of one hundred bushels per day.


Methodist Episcopal. - The first church in Upper Turkey-Foot was a log building, erected by the Methodists, at Paddytown in 1816. Rev. Jacob Gruber held the first quarterly meeting and preached the first sermon in this church. Rev. James Wilson was the first preacher in charge. The following presiding elders have conducted services here: Revs. William Stevens, Robert Boyd, Charles Elliott, Joshua Monroe, Thornton Fleming, David Sharp, Thomas M. Hudson, Samuel Wakefield, C. D. Battelle, John J. Swayze, Franlklin Moore, Z. H. Coston, J. G. Sanson, Robt. Hopkins. C. A. Holmes, A. J. Ensley, R. L. Miller, L. R. Beacon, present presiding elder.

A new meeting-house was erected by the Methodists in 1874-- a frame building which cost fourteen hundred dollars. The first minister was Rev. M. C. Lichliter: trustees, Herman Younkin, Samuel Phillippi. Wm. Eicher, Dr. Wesley Cunningham. John Blubaugh and John S. Cramer: classleader, Samuel Phillippi. The present membership is about forty-five.

Wesley Chapel Methodist t Episcopal church, situated in the northern part of the township, was erected in 1863, at a cost of one thousand dollars. The first ministers were Revs. Wilkinson and Williams. The trustees were John Lanning, Messimer Cramer, John C. Phillippi, Norman Lichliter, David Lichliter, Jeremiah Pile and Joseph B. Critchfield: classleader, David Lichliter. Membership about thirty five.

Kingwood Churches. - The first church in Kingwood was the Evangelical Lutheran, built in 1852, at a cost of about five hundred dollars. The first pastor was Rev. M. F. Pfahler. The present membership is about sixty-fire.

The Church of God at Kingw ood was erected in 1876. The first minister was Rev. John Hickernell. The first officers were as follows: Trustees, Jacob Kreger, John A. Shultz, Ephraim Schrock: elders, C. H. Kreger, Josiah Gross; deacons, Wm. Gerhard, Sam'l Metzler. This church cost thirteen hundred and fifty dollars. The membership is about thirty-five.

A Church of God, situated about a mile and a half south of Kingwood, was erected about 1859 at a cost of about four hundred dollars. The first preacher was Rev. J. Hickernell, under whom the house of worship was erected. The church officers were: Jonathan Dumbauld and Josiah Gross, elders: James, King and John F. Kreger deacons. The present membership is about forty-five.

A log church, one mile east of Kingwood, was erected about 1830, by the Disciples. There is no record of the first members or early pastors. In 1887. the house was sold to the German Baptists,who now hold services in it regularly.

Casselman Union Church. - The Union church at Casselman was erected in 1878, by the Lutherans, Methodists, United Brethren and the Evangelical Association. It was dedicated by Rev. J. Metzger, of the United Brethren, who was the first pastor of that denomination. His successors have been Revs. J. Potter, J. N. Munden and B. F Noon.

Following is the assessor's list of owners of real property in Upper TurkeyFoot Township in the year 1848:

John Ansell, Mich Ansell Sr., Sam Baldwin, Wm. Baldwin, Fred Blubaugh, John Blubaugh, Simon Blubaugh, Chris Boyer (miller), Widow Bradford, Widow Briggs, John Brook, Jac Brougher, John Brougher Jr., John Brougher Sr., Peter Brougher, Sam Brougher, Silas Buley, Moses Caton, Thomas Caton, Paul Cleavinger, Emanuel Conn, Henry Conn, Bernard Connelly, Hugh H. Connelly (saddler), Widow Connelly, John Cramer, Mesmore Cramer, Sam Cramer, Bernard Creager, Fred Creager, Henry Creager, Dav Crosson, Alex Cunningham (blacksmith), Easton Cunningham (blacksmith), James Cunningham, John Cunningham, Robert Cunningham, Benj Davis, Jos B. Davis, John L. Dietz, Jona Dombold, Fred Dull, Shaphet Dwire, Wm Eicher, Peter Fadely (carpenter), Sam Fike, Jac Firestone, Jac Friend, John Friend, John Gary, Jac Gerhart, John Glacher, Jona Gray (shoemaker), Josiah Gross, Alex Hanna, Thos Hanna, Esq., Robt Hare (weaver), Jac N. Hartzell, Jonas Hartzell, Melchi Hartzell, Jac Henry, John Henry, John Henry Jr., Wm Henry, Jos W Herrington (tailor), Dav Himebaugh (miller), Sam Himebaugh, Adam Hochstetler, Henry Hofalt, Henry L. Holbrook (surveyor), Jesse Hoover (merchant), Isaac Husband, Christo King, Jere King (wagonmaker), John King, Lem King, Mich King, Sam King, Sam K. King, Thos King, Dan Knight, Wm Knight, Peter Lanning, Dav Lechliter, John C. Lechliter, Levi Lechliter, Margt Lechliter, Sam Lechliter, Dan Lee, John Leiphart, Uriah Marietta, John May, Widow May, Wm McClintock, John McMillen (tanner), John McMillen Esq., John K. McMillen, Sam E McMillen, P. & W. Meyers, Anth Mickey, Geo Mickey, James Mickey, Abr Miller, Byard H. Miller, John Miller (cooper), Chas Minard, Henry Minard, Henry Minard Jr., Jac Minard, John Minard, Rudolph Moyer, Widow Moyer, Mich Neff, Dav Nichola, Geo Nichola, John Nichola, Mich Nichola, John Nickel, Chris Ober, Robt Parker, Abr Phillippi, Dan Phillippi, Dav Phillippi, Geo Phillippi, John Phillippi, Ph Phillippi, Simon Phillippi, Wm Pinkerton, Jos Pritts (blacksmith), Levi Pritts (blacksmith), Peter Putman, Geo Ramsparger, Chas Rose, Easton Rush, Jehu Rush, Wm K. Rush, Abr Sanner, Jere Saylor, Aaron Schrock, And Schrock, Dav Schrock, Emanuel Schrock (shoemaker), Jos Sechier, John Shaaf, Dan Shultz, Jac Shultz, John Shultz, Peter Shultz, Garrison Smith, Adam Snyder, Benj Snyder, Geo Snyder, Henry D. Snyder, Jona Snyder, Enoch Solomon, Simon L. Solomon, Wm Spencer, Sam Storm, Leond Strait, Ph Sullivan (tanner), Henry Tedrow, Wm Tedrow, Dan Tresler, Jac Weimer, Peter Weimer, Alex Whipkey, Geo Whipkey, Geo Whipkey Jr., John Whipkey, Sam Whipkey, Dan Williams, Chas L.Younkin, Fred Younkin, Fred H. Younkin, Herman Younkin, Jac J. Younkin, John Younkin, Widow Younkin, Widow F. Younkin, John Zufall, Peter Zufall.

The Cemeteries of Somerset County Townships

Most, if not all, of the Transcsriptions that the Somerset Volunteers did were uploaded to the USGenWeb Archives


Here is a link to all of them ~ The WPA Files are Here. 


Below is a list from the old Turkeyfoot Cemeteries Township Pages

Upper Turkey Foot Cemeteries  Lower Turkeyfoot Cemeteries
Dumbauld Cemetery Brooks Grave
Kingwood Church of God Cemetery Brooks Tunnel Grave (#1)
Kingwood I.O.O.F. Cemetery Brooks Tunnel Grave (#2)
Bethel Cemetery at Paddytown Brooks Tunnel Cemetery
David Schrock Farm Burial Ground Confluence Baptist
Faidley Farm Burial Ground Cross Roads Cemetery
Fairview Cemetery Draketown Cemetery
Harrah Farm Cemetery Frantz Cemetery
John Younkin Cemetery Garlitts Farm Burial Ground
Kregar Farm Burial Ground Hamp Old Burial Ground
Mt. Union Cemetery Jersey Baptist Church Cemetery (new)
Mt. Zion Cemetery Jersey Baptist Church Cemetery (old)
Old Bethel Church Cemetery Jersey Church Cemetery (New)
Old Burial Grounds/Andy Schrock Farm Jersey Church Cemetery (Old)
Old Grave Yard in Woods Newbury Cemetery
Old Younkin Cemetery/Ross Younkin's Farm Old Anderson Cemetery
Ross Pletcher Farm Burial Ground Prinkey Grave
Schrock Grave Yard Ream Cemetery
Scullton Cemetery Rhoads Farm (old) Burial Ground
Wesley Chapel Cemetery Six Poplars Burial Ground
Williams Cemetery/Curtis Firestone Farm Six Poplars Cemetery
Younkin Cemetery/Delilah Younkin Farm John Thomas Farm Cemetery
Younkin Cemetery/Sechler Farm Thompson Grave

 Dewalt Schneider Cemetery, [Snyder - Homestead]
Upper Turkeyfoot Twp., Somerset Co., PA
Located approximately 1/8 mi. east of the sharp bend off Bowman Rd., on the Rockwood Casselman Road.
Note: The files below were copyrighted to be included with the USGenWeb Archives
but... I cannot find them, nor are they elsewhere online

Christian Feathers
Maria Feathers
John Helzel, Co. H 102 Pa. Vol.
Sarah Show Helzel
John Heltzel, Pa. Militia, War of 1812, 1794 - 1876
Two unmarked fieldstones
Dewalt Schneider, Capt. Sheers Co. of York, Revolutionary War, Nov. 2, 1755 - Dec. 7, 1828
Anna Clara Schneider, Geboren den 21 April 1768,
Sie starbden 7 Juli1819, Sie hilt lastl tinc cattrn,
7 sohn und 5 tochter (Maiden name reportedly Feathers)
One illegible stone.
One field stone.
Approximately 10 graves
Transcribed by Linda Marker Simmons & Clark Brocht, 5/1999

Hexabar [Hexie] in Upper Turkeyfoot Township

This map of Hexie, or Hexabar, was drawn by Clyde Miller and published in the second issue of his Hexie Gazette in April 1995.

The two church cemeteries in Kingwood are located at the junction of the road with Route 281 at the upper right corner of the map.

Accompanying the map, Clyde Miller offered the following observations:

"The more I get into our history, the more I find different names for different places. For example, the Brougher Cemetery, I always called the Younkin Cemetery by John Pletcher's, and what I show as the Younkin Cemetery has also been called the Ansell Cemetery. With this map, unless something drastic comes along, we can all sing from the same song book.

When I was last home in November 1994, it was difficult for me to locate the Williams Cemetery. Fortunately, my brother Sam and I came across a part-time resident, and he was kind enough to lead us to it. Between now and the July issue, I am going to find a way to properly mark our cemeteries. This map was apparently based on some plats of about 1960 vintage. The Church Hill no longer has the sharp curves, and the lane connecting Wyno Road to the Charlie May Place is grown over. The road beyond the Brougher Cemetery becomes "challenging' while getting down over the hill to road LR55030 would be most difficult. In any case, of the many maps I looked at, this seemed the most appropriate."

In 1995, Clyde Miller launched the Hexie Gazette to celebrate the people and environs of Hexie or Hexabar, a section of Upper Turkeyfoot Township. Only four issues were published before Clyde's untimely passing. Since then, these four issues, now rag-tagged, have been passed from one genealogist to another with hungry enthusiasm.

In his first 1995 issue Clyde described himself: " I am the youngest of ten children born to Alice Marie King Miller and Austin Broderick Miller. They were fantastic parents who instilled some sense of heritage in all of us eight who lived to adulthood. My mother is 84 years young and is at Patriot Manor in Somerset. (She had the final say before this issue was published.) I graduated from Rockwood Area High School in 1964. 1 received my Associates Electrical Engineering degree from Kent State University in 1977. 1 have worked for Honeywell Inc, in Houston, Texas, since 1978. And that is who I am."

Clyde Miller's Obituary

Clyde B. Miller, 49, of Richmond, Texas, formerly of Hexie, died Dec. 16, 1995, at Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, Texas. Born June 11, 1946, in Markleton. Son of the late Austin B. and Alice (King) Miller. preceded in death by his father and brothers Grant and James Miller. Survived by his mother; his wife of 26 years, the former Justine Bickerstaff; son, Todd Scott Miller of Houston, Texas; and a daughter Heather Lynn Miller of Richmond, Texas. Brother of Austin B. Miller of Satellite Beach, Fla., Samuel G. Miller of Pensacola, Fla.; Paul E. Miller of Sugarland, Texas; Mrs. Roy (Martha Jane) Tressler of Somerset RD 1; Mrs. J. Lloyd (Freda) McClintock of Rockwood Mrs. Armand (Velma) Libatore of Niles, Ohio; and Mrs. Betty Chonko of Somerset RD 6. He was an engineer for Honeywell Corp. in Houston, Texas. Member of the Baptist Church of Richmond. Graduate of Kent State University. A student of family genealogy of Upper and Lower Turkeyfoot townships, publishing a quarterly historical and genealogy paper called the Hexie Gazette. Friends will be received from 2-4 and 7-9 p.m. Wednesday at the Wilbur D. Miller Funeral Home, Somerset, where funeral service will be conducted at 11 a.m. Thursday, the Rev. Douglas Baker officiating. Interment, Old Bethel Cemetery.

Odds & Ends: Upper Turkeyfoot

Warrent Map Index: pdf file / The Map Image is here.

 History of Lower Turkeyfoot Township: File converted to pdf, Please use this link.

The Jersey Church Through The Years: File converted to pdf, Please use this link.

"Past Residents": File converted to pdf, Please use this link.

Civil War Letters - from Lt. Silvester Colborn
Somerset County, PAGenWeb



I have always been fascinated by my discovery that I had two distant relatives who taught school together, and then later enlisted in the Civil War. The obituary of Frederick Grof states that Silvester Colborn and Frederick Grof were teachers together in Berlin, Pa. when they enlisted in the 54th Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers. Silvester was a half-brother of my maternal Great Grandfather, James B. “Pap” Colborn. Frederick Groff was a brother of my paternal great grandfather, George G. Groff . Silvester was a grandchild of Robert Colborn, one of the original "Jersey" Settlers in Lower Turkeyfoot Township

Silvester was a 2nd Lieutenant and was killed in the battle of New Market, Virginia. Frederick was a Private and was in Company B when they were captured at Paw Paw, Va. and then taken to Libby Prison in Richmond, Va. The group was imprisoned only 3 months before being paroled and exchanged back to the Union Army. The two men were both in Company B, but I found no record that Sylvester was captured as well. Frederick is not listed on the mustering out rolls of the regiment, but his obituary states he mustered out as a Sergeant.

The first major placement of the 54th Regiment was in Virginia, now West Virginia, guarding the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Company B was stationed at Paw Paw, Virginia where they were captured.

The 54th Regiment subsequently joined Gen. Sigel in the Shenandoah Valley Campaign. One major battle took place at New Market, Va. where the 54th suffered major losses. In a report by the Regimental Commander, Jacob Cambell, he stated, quote:

"Lieutenant Colborn, of Company B, fell just as the command commenced to fall back. He was brought to a house in the rear of our line, but finally fell into the hands of the enemy in a dying condition. He succumbed to his injuries the second night after being wounded."

Silvester wrote two letters to his father while in the army. These two original letters, including a mailing envelope, were saved by my aunt, Bess Stahl, who lived in Stoystown. Unfortunately they could never be found after her passing. I have copies made earlier by a very poor copier. Portions of the copies are impossible to read and left to interpretation. The two letters are rewritten as best possible below, and digitals of the original bad copies are included at the end of each transcribed letter.


Paw Paw, Va.
Monday June 23rd 1862

Dear Father,

Every Saturday I expect a letter from home but am usually disappointed. I have received but one letter from home that was written to me since we came on the rail road, so you are ---------- for I presume but one has been written. Eight or ten days ago it was expected that we would leave the road very soon. But we are here yet we no better prospect of leaving soon. Than there was two months ago. There is but little here to relieve the monotony of camp life. Guard, drill, eat, and sleep constitute our daily duty and all days are so much alike, that one is often at a loss to tell the day of the week or month. A great many deserters come in from Jackson’s army. There are four here now, to be sent to Head Quarters. They take the oath of allegiance and are released. I was at Sir John’s Run Saturday. I rode up on the cars with Mr John Walker of Addison who was returning from Tredwell’s Company on a release from the Service. He informed me of the death Aaron Hyatt and Harrison Mountain, which was news to me. G W Colborn was not in the fight at Fair Oakes and of course, was not wounded, as reported. James Nicklow and Ross Sterner were but very slightly wounded. Their wounds didn’t stop them from performing rail duty. Youngkin and McClintock were severely wounded, one in the breast, the other in the hip. Robinson Elder was not in the fight. Walker says he went home, but he knew nothing of his death. Several of the Company are in the hospital at Newport News. Among the number are George W Colborn and Evans Rush.

We haven’t had-------------------------here. The Potomac is low and is warm enough to swim. The cherries are ripe and the berries too. Several Ba—is Coff-----nale male and female were here last week. A. J. Colborn will be down in a week ---------------------------bring Jane with him, I believe. No more now.

Note: The last paragraph is almost impossible to read due to smudging by a limited copying machine

Click on the following images for an enlarged view.

Letter-One (1st page) Letter One (2nd page)
Letter-One (2nd page)


In the Field
Near Winchester, Va.
May 8th, 1864

Dear Father,

I have not had a letter from home for a long time. But I hear you are sick. I hope you are not as bad as I heard. We have been here just a week and have spent the time busily drilling and preparing to meet the enemy. Sigel has been busy drilling the different brigades. We march tomorrow morning. I don’t know where but perhaps on up the valley. I will not state the strength of our army because I don’t know, and second because the Rebels have a fashion of capturing our mail and should this fall into their hands I don’t want to give them any information that would be valuable to them. So I will not give my guess as to the number of troops here. We all have confidence in Sigel. He will fight and fight hard if opportunity presents. Our baggage and clothing is restricted to just what is absolutely necessary. But two wagons are allowed to have the baggage of the whole regiment, officers and all. We used to -----------------------------------. My health and spirits are most excellent. The health of our regiment never was so good. The ground we bivouac on has been fought over several times. Not far from here is the famous stone wall that Shields and Jackson fought over which gave the latter the soubriquet of “old stonewall.” The weather is very warm. The apple trees in full bloom. No more now. Please write soon if you are well enough. If not, get someone to write.

Yours affectionately
Silvester Colborn
Co. B, 54th Pa. Vols
2nd Brigade, 9th Division
Army of West Va.

Click on the following images for an enlarged view.

Letter Two - Env. Letter Two (page 1) Letter Two (page 2) Letter Two (page 3)

There was an explanation that included references:
This table is a consolidation of several sources indicating who resided in the Turkeyfoot region and when (up to 1800).

* "ACRES 1772 TAX" is taken from "The History of Bedford, Somerset and Fulton Counties" and is the tax roles for Brother's Valley Township, Bedford County which, at the time, covered all of what is now Somerset County. Single residents without property, are shown as "Freeman".

* "PRE 1769" is from the same history and designates the settlers living there before William Penn opened the area for settlement.

* "TRADE" again is taken from the same history showing the occupations of a few people, other than farming.

* "ACRES WARRENTS 1773-1848" are extracted from the Lower Turkeyfoot Map showing the acreage in original land grants given in that township.

* "1790 & 1788 CENSUS" shows heads of households for both Turkeyfoot Townships. [Excluded from reformats]
All of the Census files can be found in the USGenWeb Archives, Please use this link if you are interested.

* "1796 TAX LIST" shows 1796 taxpayers recorded in the history of Lower Turkeyfoot Township in the same history book.

Information on this Site: For Reference Only

Reformatted: 1 May  2022

Somerset County Coordinator: Martha A Crosley Graham

PAGenWeb State Coordinator: Nancy Janyszeski
PAGenWeb Assistant State Coordinator (Eastern Counties): Mary Ann Lubinsky
PAGenWeb Assistant State Coordinator (Western Counties): Martha A C Graham

Somerset County, Pennylvania ~ PAGenWeb ~ USGenWeb ~ USGenWeb Archives