Townships Boroughs Villages 

Courtney's Mills 

The principal early settlements of Liberty township were in the vicinity of Courtney’s Mills, on Wolf creek near the Butler county line. William Gill, a soldier of the Revolution, came to this vicinity about 1797. About the close of the century David and Thomas Courtney secured the large tract of land on both sides of Wolf creek, part of which has continued in the possession of the heirs to the present time. A log mill for making both lumber and flour was built by David Courtney in 1803, and ever since Courtney’s Mills have not only furnished a name to the community but have maintained a reputation for their products.

The Wolf Creek branch of the Pennsylvania Railroad has in recent years given railroad transportation to Liberty township. The stations of Carmona, Courtney’s Mills and Heath are shipping points for this township.

Twentieth Century History of Mercer County, 1909, page 161



David and Thomas Courtney came [to Liberty Township] in 1802, and bought 500 or 600 acres of land between them, at the site of the present Courtney Mill.  Their heirs still occupy the old homestead.  It is located on both banks of Wolf Creek, and is one of the most picturesque spots in the entire township.


David Courtney built a grist-mill and a saw-mill, in 1803, the year after his arrival.  He had been a miller in Franklin county before he came to this township, and the fine mill-site on the creek was what induced him to settle where he did.  His was the 




Courtney's Mills

located in Liberty Township

 What the History of Mercer County, 1888, says about Courtney's Mills 

If you're looking for your ancestors in Courtney's Mills, try the 1850 Wolf Creek Township Census  and the 1870 Liberty Township Census. 

Landowners and Businesses in and near Courtney's Mills, according to the 1873 Combined Atlas for Mercer County: W. Dale, W. Courtney, L. Dale, D. F. Courtney, D. Brinneman, the Estate of W. Courtney,  School House No. 5, grist mill, coal bank, and blacksmith shop.

View 1873 landowners map