Short Excerpts of Winslow History

Excerpts from the Winslow Memorial and the Tracy- Winslow Book Bibliographic Information: Holton, David Parsons. Winslow Memorial. D.P.Holton. New York. 1877

THE WINSLOW FAMILY

The earlier records given here are taken from "KENELM WINSLOW MEMORIAL."

The family of Winslows existed in England long previous to the first record here listed. It is believed this English family was entirely distinct from the Winslows of Denmark. the first ancestor of the latter which has been found, being Rev. Peder-Jacobsen Winslow, father of Prof. Jacob-Benignus Winslow, who was born April 2, 1669, which was later than the Pilgrim Winslows. However there was a parish in Scania named Winslof, or Winslow, at an early date, which may have originated with a more ancient family, from whom it is possible that the English and American Winslows are descended. About the first records we have of the English Winslows are in connection with the family of Crouchmans, whose residence was called "CROUCHMAN'S HALL," but when it came into possession of the Winslows by marriage it was styled "WYNCELOWE'S HALL" and the ancient arms of that family are sculptured in stone in various parts of the old hall and also the manor. This John Wyncelowe who married the heiress, Mary or Mariota Crouchman, was of great repute in the City of London about 1350, but it is not determined from what part of England his family came, though the name is frequently mentioned in the early history of London.

FIRST GENERATION

1. WILLIAM WYNCELOWE Born about 1300. TWO SONS: (1.) JOHN WYNCELOWE, ESQUIRE Of London, afterwards of "Wyncelowe Hall." He was of great repute in London about 1350, and was living 1387-1388. MARRIED Mary (Mariota) Crouchman. (2.) WILLIAM WYNCELOWE.

ANCESTORS OF MARY (MARIOTA) CROUCHMAN.

WILLIAM CROUCHMAN Of County Essex about 1357. MARRIED Egidia Greig, daughter and heiress of John Greig, Esquire, of "Hempstead Hall," in County Essex. TWO SONS: (1.) JOHN CROUCHMAN Of "Hempstead Hall," about 1360-70. (2.) WILLIAM CROUCHMAN WILLIAM CROUCHMAN Heir to his brother, John, of "Hempstead Hall," in County Essex. Died about 1391. ONE DAUGHTER: MARY (MARIOTA) CROUCHMAN MARY (MARIOTA) CROUCHMAN Heiress to her father. She was styled "of Crouchman's Hall." Died 1409-10.

MARRIED John Wyncelowe, Esquire, of London (of great repute there about 1350). After this marriage, "Crouchman's Hall" became "Wyncelowe Hall." He was living in 1387-88.

ONE SON: WILLIAM WYNCELOWE MARRIED Agnes Poore. MARRIED SECOND, Thomas Holgilt, Esquire. No record of any children.

WILLIAM WINCELOWE, Esquire Of "Wincelowe Hall." Born 1389-90. Died 1426-27. MARRIED Agnes Poore, sister and heiress of Sir Thomas Poore, of County Oxford. She was born 1379. Died 1443.

ONE DAUGHTER: JANE (JOANE) WYNCELOWE Who died unmarried, in 1431.

SECOND GENERATION

2. WILLIAM WYNCELOWE SECOND SON of No. 1 Born about 1340. ONE SON: THOMAS WYNCELOWE (No. 3)

THIRD GENERATION

3. THOMAS WINSELOWE, Esquire Of Burton in County of Oxford. Held lands, also, in Essex. Born about 1380. Was living in 1443 and in 1452. MARRIED Cecelia Tansley (Lady Agnes). She was one of the two daughters and heiresses of an old family of "Tansleys."

ONE SON: WILLIAM WINSLOWE (No. 4)

FOURTH GENERATION

4. WILLIAM WINSLOWE Born about 1435-40. TWO SONS:

(1.) KENELM WINSLOW (No. 5)

(2.) RICHARD WINSLOW Born July 17, 155-. Had a grant from King Edward VI, of the Rectory of Elksley, in County of Nottingham. NOTE: David Parsons Holton in his "Kenelm Winslow Memorial," states he has been unable to prove up on the foregoing records, but without further research, he has assumed that they are approximately correct. From this point on, Dr. Holton seems quite sure of his records. Note the continual change in the spelling of the name.

FIFTH GENERATION

5. KENELM WINSLOW Of Kempsey, England. Died 1607 in the parish of St. Andrew, County Worcester, England. In 1559, he purchased of Sir Richard Newport, an estate called "Newport's Place," in Kempsey, County Worcester. He had an older and very considerable estate in the same parish called "Clerkenleap." It was sold by his grandson, Richard Winslow, in 1650. MARRIED Catherine (Katherine). ONE SON: EDWARD WINSLOW (No. 6) He is the only child of whom we have knowledge, though his will indicates there were other children besides Edward. NOTE: It is interesting to note the carelessness about the spelling in those times, even ones own name, as the following examples indicate. In the will of Kenelm Winslow (No. 5), father of this Edward, in the body of his will he wrote his name "Kenelme Wynslowe," and his signature at end is "Kenelm Wynslo." The Parish Clerk at St. Peters, Droitwich, writes the name "Kenelme Wynsloe," sonne of "Edward Wynslowe."

SIXTH GENERATION

6. EDWARD WINSLOW Of Kempsey and Droitwich, County Worcester, England. Born Oct. 7 (or 17) 1560 at the parish of St. Andrews, County Worcester, England. Died before 1631. MARRIED (supposedly) Eleanor Pelham, of Droitwich, England, daughter of Sir Herbert Pelham of that place. ONE SON of Edward and Eleanor (Pelham) Winslow: RICHARD WINSLOW Of Draycoat, Parish of Kempsey, England. Born about 1585. Died May 20, 1659. MARRIED about 1605, Alice (Hay) Hurdman, daughter of Edward Hurdman. (Her first husband was Mr. Hay, Esquire, and they had one son, James Hay, who was living in 1659). In 1669, she left a donation to the poor of Kempsey. FOUR CHILDREN of Richard and Alice Hay Winslow: (1.) RICHARD WINSLOW (2.) JOHN WINSLOW (3.) ELYNOR (ELEANOR) WINSLOW (4.) ELIZABETH WINSLOW (For their records, see Page 167) MARRIED SECOND, Nov. 4, 1594, Magdalene Ollyver, in St. Brides Church, London. EIGHT CHILDREN of Edward and Magdalene (Ollyver) Winslow: (All born in Droitwich, England.)

(1.) EDWARD WINSLOW
(2.) JOHN WINSLOW
(3.) ELEANOR WINSLOW
(4.) KENELM WINSLOW
(5.) GILBERT WINSLOW
(6.) ELIZABETH WINSLOW

Other Excerpts:

The records of the family of Edward Winslow are found in the Parish Register of St. Peter's, Droitwich, which, however, extend no further back than 1560.
1594. Nov. 3. [It should be Monday, 4 Nov., O. S.] Edw. Wynslowe and Magdalen married at [St. Brides] London.
1595. [Monday,] October 20. Edward Wynsloe sonne of Edward Wynsloe was Baptized & borne the xviiith of October being Saterdaye.
1597. [Monday,] April 18, John Wynsloe sonne of Edward Wynsloe was baptized & borne on Saterdaye [16th,] next before.
1598. [Monday,] April 24. Elynr Wynsloe daughter of Edward Wynsloe was baptized and borne on the Saterdaye [22d,] next before.
1599. [Thursday,] Maye 3. Kenelme Wynsloe sonne of Edward Wynslowe was baptized & borne on the Sundaye next before. [29 April.]
1600. [Wednesday,] October 29. Gilbert Wynslowe sonne of Edward Wynslowe baptized & borne on the Sundaye [26th,] next before.
1601 (2). [Monday,] Mrche 8. Elizabeth Wynslowe daughtr of Edward Wynslowe baptized & borne ye Saterdaye [6,] before.
1604. [Sunday,] Dec. 30. Magdalen ye daughter of Edvard Wynslowe was baptized & borne uppon [Wednesday] the xxvith daye of ye same.
1604. (5). [Sunday,] Januarye 20. Elizabeth Wynslowe daughtr of Edvard Wynslowe was buryed.
1605. (6). [Sunday,] Februarye 16. Jozias Wynslowe the sonne of Edward Wynslowe was baptized & borne on the xith of the same being Tuesday.


WINSLOW MEMORIAL

KENELM1 WINSLOW.

1. KENELM1 Winslow, third son and fourth child of Edward Winslow and Magdalene (Ollyver) of Droitwich, Worcestershire, Eng., was born at that place, on Sunday, 29 April, 1599, and baptized the Thursday following, 3May, 1599; he "dyed at Salem and was buried there 13 Sept., 1672," '. 73 years. He came to Plymouth, probably in 1629 with his brother Josiah1, and was admitted freeman, 1 Jan. 1632-3. In 1640, he was chosen Surveyor in Town of Plymouth, but neglecting highways is fined ten shillings [Ply. Col. Rec.,II, p. 1]. He removed to Marshfield about 1641, having previously received agrant of land at that place, then called Green's Harbor, 5 Mar. 1637-8: "all that parcel of land remaining of that neck of land lying on the east side of the lands lately granted to Josias Winslow, at Green's Harbor, are granted to Kenelme Winslow and Love Brewster, to be divided betwixt them, provided that Kenelme Winslow have that part next adjoining to his brother Josias,upon the conditions the lands there are granted upon" [Plym. Col. Rec., I,78]. Miss Thomas, in her memorials of Marshfield, p. 27, says: he "settledon a gentle eminence by the sea, near the extremity of a neck of land lying between Green Harbor and South Rivers. This tract of the township was considered the Eden of the region. It was beautified with groves of majestic oaks and graceful walnuts, with the underground void of tangled shrubbery. A few of these groves were standing within the memory of persons now living(1854) but all have fallen beneath the hand of the woodman." This homestead he gave to his second son, Nathaniel2, and at his death it passed into the hands of his son, Kenelm3, who m. Abigail Waterman; their son Kenelm4, whom. Abigail Bourne, was obliged to sell the place in consequence of the failure in business of his younger brother Joseph4, of Boston, which also involved his ruin. Other lands were granted to Kenelm1 Winslow at various times, and still others were purchased by him. He was one of the twenty-six original proprietors of Assonet (Freetown), Mass., purchased from the Indians 2 April, 1659, and received the 24th lot, a portion of which is still owned and occupied (1873) by Barnaby4 Winslow, his gr. gr. gr. grandson "to whom, by heirship, it has descended through successive generations of more than two hundred years." Mr. Winslow was styled "joiner," 6 Jan. 1633-4, when Samuel Jenney was indented to him as an apprentice; but he is elsewhere and generally called a "planter" and was somewhat engaged in the shipping interest. Besides serving his townsmen in minor offices, he was deputy, or representative, in the general court, 1642-44, and 1649-53, eight years.[Plym. Col. Rec.]

There is, among different branches of his descendants, a tradition that he possessed a high spirit or temper which brought him into litigation.

He m. June, 1634, Eleanor Adams, widow of John Adams, of Plymouth.1 She survived him and d. at Marshfield, Mass., where she was buried 5 Dec. 1681, "being eighty-three years old." He d. 13 Sept. 1672, '. seventy-three, Salem, Mass., where he had gone on business [Hon. Luther Hatch, of Marshfield]. According to Rev. L. R. Paige, he died there "apparently after a long sickness; for in his will dated five weeks earlier, 8 Aug. 1672, he describes himself as 'being very sick and drawing nigh unto Death He may have been in Salem on a visit to Mrs. Elizabeth Corwin, [Curwen] daughter of his brother Edward1 Winslow, or perhaps, for the purpose of obtaining medical aid."

Their children were:
2. 1. KENELM, [6] b. abt. 1635; d. 11 Nov. 1715; m. Mercy Worden; m. 2d, Damaris (???)
3. 2. ELEANOR or ELLEN, [18] b. abt. 1637; d. 27 Aug. 1676; m. Samuel Baker
4. 3. NATHANIEL, [27] b. abt. 1639; d. 1 Dec. 1719; m. Faith Miller
5. 4. JOB, [36] b. abt. 1641; d. 14 July, 1720; m. Ruth (???)


6. KENELM2, [2] (Kenelm1,) b. abt. 1635, Plymouth, Mass.; d. 11 Nov., 1715, Harwich, Mass., "in the 79th year of his age," acc. to gravestone, (14 Nov. acc. to Savage,). He early removed to Cape Cod, and settled in that part of Yarmouth which was afterwards incorporated with Harwich, and which is now Brewster. His homestead was near the westerly border of the town, now known as West Brewster, Satucket, or Winslow's Mills. He is mentioned in the Yarmouth Records as early as 1668, Harwich then being in the constable rick of Yarmouth. In a "rate" dated 29 Apr., 1676, towards the charge of the late war," we find "Kenel. Winslow 4. 13.6. [Freeman's Hist. Cape Cod, ,p. 195.] Whether he was engaged in any of the encounters with the Indians we do not know, but, n 1678, he is styled "Col. Winslow" in the list of freemen of Yarmouth (Hist. Cape Cod, II, p. 196). He is also called "planter" or "yeoman" in sundry deeds, and is a purchaser of large tracts of wild land, especially in what is now the town of Rochester, on which several of his children afterwards dwelt. In 1679, he was engaged with the "thirty partners" in such a purchase. See Mass. Hist. Coll., XIV, 259, where he is erroneously described as of Marshfield, instead of Yarmouth. We find also on the 15 Mar. 1680, an agreement was made "with our neighbors, the purchasers or proprietors of the land between Stoney Brook and Bound Brook," subsequently signed by Ananias Wing, Paul Sears, Kenelm Winslow, and John Dillingham, Jr., on the one part, and by John Thacher, Sam'l Haw??s, Thomas Sturgis and Josiah Thacher in behalf of Yarmouth [Hist. Cape Cod, II, p.198]. Among other purchases he secured a good "water privilege," which has been of advantage to his descendants even unto the present time. In 1699 he sold it to his son Kenelm, and now (1873) it is owned by his great-great-great grandson, Wm.7 Winslow, of West Brewster, Mass.

From the Mansfield, Conn., Records, we find that Kenelm Winslow, of Harwich,Barnstable Co., Mass., bought of George Denison, of Stonington, one thousand acres of land in Windham, (in that part of the town which afterwards became Mansfield,) Conn., 11 March, 1700, for which he paid 30. On the 7th of October, 1700, he gives this land to his son Samuel, who afterwards sells it to his brother Kenelm [50]. It does not appear from the records that Kenelm Winslow, either father or son, ever resided in Windham or Mansfield. Like his father he seems to have incurred the displeasure of the General Court.Under date of 3 Oct. 1662 (Rec., IV, 29), it is recorded that "Kenelme Winslow, junr., for riding a journey on the Lord's day, although he pleaded some disappointment enforcing him thereunto, is fined ten shillings." He must not, however, be regarded as a scoffer at religion, or as negligent in the observance of its forms, for on three occasions he went to Scituate, some sixty miles distant, that his children might not remain unbaptized. "He brought to the 2d church in Scituate for baptism, Kenelm, 1668; Josiah, 1670; Thomas, 1672. It is well known that many of the ministers in the colony were opposed to infant sprinkling at that time" [Deane's Hist. Scituate, p. 389]. Also, about a year before his death, 4 Oct. 1714, he was one among five chosen "to seat persons, or place them where they shall sit, in the meeting house" [Hist. Cape Cod, II, p. 501]. He m. 23 Sept. 1667, Mercy Worden, b. abt. 1641, dau. of Peter, Jr., and Mercy, of Yarmouth. She d. 22 Sept., 1688, "in the 48th year of her age," according to her gravestone, which is still standing in the Winslow burying-ground in Dennis. The monument is of a hard slate, is said to have been brought from England, and is the oldest in the yard. The headstones of Kenelm Winslow, his two sons, and many of his descendants are also to be seen. According to History of Cape Cod, this burying-ground is "near the road leading from Nobscusset to Satucket," or, according to Josiah Paine, Esq., "a little south of the county road in East Dennis, which is but a short distance from the Brewster line." Hem. 2d, Damaris(???), who survived him, and was living 27 March, 1729.

36. LIEUT. JOB2, [5] (Kenelm1,) b. abt. 1641; d. 14 July, 1720, Freetown, Mass. He settled at Swansey abt. 1666. "At the breaking out of the Indian War, June, 1675, his house at Swansey, which he had inhabited eight or nine years, was burnt by the enemy." [Savage's Gen. Dict., IV, 600. Plym. Rec.,X, 364.] He appears to have been one of the early settlers of Rochester, as he was there about 1680. [Barber's Mass. Hist. Collections, p. 524.] But he soon removed to Freetown, for, in 1686, he was one of the selectmen of that town; Town Clerk and grand-juryman in 1690; assessor in 1691, 1701--1706,and 1711; moderator of the annual town meeting in 1708 and 1711; deputy to the General Court in 1686, and representative, in 1692, at the first General Court in Massachusetts under the charter of Wm. and Mary. He was a leading man in all town matters, both civil and religious. He is styled "Lieutenant," and was a shipwright by occupation. He m. Ruth (???), who survived him. In his will, dated 12 Nov. 1717, he gave the lot now known as the Winslow Burying-ground, situated two miles south of Assonet Village; he also mentions his wife Ruth, and all his children given below, with the exception of Mary, Hope, and John. The dates of birth of the first six children are copied from the records of Swansey, and of James, Mary, George, Jonathan and John, from the records of Freetown.

37. 1. WILLIAM, b. 16 Nov. 1674; d. s. p., leaving quite an estate to his kindred, by will dated 18 Oct. 1745, and proved 8 Mar. 1757. He was one of the town's agents for building the first church edifice erected in Freetown; assessor of Freetown in 1713; and treasurer in 1722.

38. 2. OLIVER, b. 20 Feb. 1676.

39. 3. RUTH, b. 13 Sept. 1678.

40. 4. RICHARD, [282] b. 6 Mar. 168??; d. 1728; m. Hannah (???).

41. 5. HOPE, b. 29 May, 1681.

42. 6. JOB, b. 10 July, 1683.

43. 7. JOSEPH, [289] int. 11 Feb. 1707-8, Mary Tisdale; m. 2d, Hannah(???).

44. 8. JAMES, [299] b. 9 May, 1687; m. Elizabeth Carpenter; m. 2d, Ruth Gatchell.

45. 9. MARY, b. 2 Apr. 1689, Freetown; prob. d. young.

46. 10. GEORGE, [307] b. 2 Jan. 1690-1; m. Elizabeth (???).

47. 11. JONATHAN, [316] b. 22 Nov. 1692; m. 25 Nov. 1722, Sarah Kirby.

48. 12. JOHN, [328] b. 20 Feb. 1694-5; m. 9 Oct. 1729, Betsey Hathaway.

49. 13. ELIZABETH, [341] b. 1696-7; d. Nov. 1768; m. John Marshall.

299. JAMES,3 [44] (Job,2 Kenelm,1) b. 9 May, 1687, Freetown, Mass.; d. 19Oct. 1773, at Falmouth, Me. He resided in Freetown, but removed to Falmouth, Me, about 1728, and settled on the Presumpscot River, where he had granted to him in 1728 a tract of land on the back coast, on which to erect a mill. He owned a large tract of land at Broad Bay (now called Portland) which he gave to his sons, who removed there in 1752, but on account of troubles with the Indians were obliged, after a few years, to return to Falmouth. He was the first Friend in Falmouth, and "lent a most important support to the doctrines of that respectable people in this neighborhood." [History of Portland.] May, 1751, at a monthly meeting, Nathan, James and Benjamin Winslow were made members.

He married Elizabeth Carpenter; married 2d, [int. 12 Nov. 1750] Ruth Gatchell, of Brunswick. Falmouth, Mass. His children, recorded in Freetown, were:

300. 1. MARY, b. 20 June, 1709; m. (???).

301. 2. NATHAN, [2031] b. 1 Apr. 1713; d. 22 Nov. 1772; m. Charity Hall.

302. 3. JOB, ]2042] b. 30 Mar. 1715; m. 1736, Margaret Barber.

303. 4. BENJAMIN, [2046] b. 19 June, 1717; d. 24 Apr. 1796; m. 1738, Hope Cobb.

304. 5. ELIZABETH, [2056] b. 6 May, 1721; m. 1738, David Torrey.

305. 6. JAMES, [2358] b. 6 Aug. 1725; d. 16 Nov. 1802; m. Anna Huston.

306. 7. SYBIL, b. 3 Oct. 1727; int. 22 Dec. 1752, acc. to Portland Records, Samuel

Staples, b. 19 April, 1733, Falmouth, son of Samuel and Elizabeth((???)).

2358. JAMES4, [305] (James3, Job2, Kenelm1,) b. 6 Aug. 1725, Freetown, Mass.; d. 16 Nov. 1802, Farmington, Me., and was buried there. He "with his brothers, who lived in Falmouth, received a large tract of land, from their father, at Broad Bay, and removed there in 1752. His daughter Sarah was born there in 1754. They designed to remain, but the Indian troubles forced them back to Falmouth." He and his wife and three children were among those who "set sail from Falmouth in the fall of the year, 1760, and proceeded to what was then called Dr. Gardiner's estates at Cobbiseconte, or Gardinerstown. They were a Mr. Thomes, who was a builder of grist-mills; Benjamin Fitch, a saw-mill wright; Jacob Loud, a house carpenter; James Winslow a wheelwright; and Ezra Davis, James and Henry McCausland, and William Philbrook. They arrived in safety, with the families of Winslow, Davis, Philbrook, and the McCauslands, and run their vessel into a wide creek, formed by the mouth of the stream, which was then navigable to the sites now occupied by the saw-mills, and there, on the northern bank of the stream, the craft lay all winter. James Winslow's wife took her little daughter Sarab, then six years old, by the hand, and went ashore, and they are the first two white females known to have set foot within the limits of Gardiner or Pittston. They immediately threw up some log huts, and passed the winter in making preparations for the coming summer. The McCauslands and Winslows occupied the same cottage, and, on the 23d of March, 1761, Jonathan Winslow was born, the first white child native in ancient Pittston. The house stood exactly where now (1852) is the Widow Esmond's store.

"On the 27th of March, wishing to make an addition to the cottage of Winslow, they were able to haul logs on the crust, so cold and backward was the spring of that year. "When the season opened they erected a grist-mill at the end of the lower dam, and the old sills were found in a state of preservation when the last dam was built. The Cobbossee Grist-mill was known for several years among the northern settlers, and was resorted to from a great distance by them, even from Norridgewock and Canaan, until the mill was finished at Sebasticook, and caused settlers to increase rapidly in this neighborhood. James Winslow worked on the mill until it was done, and then obtained a fine spot of land which had been cleared by the Indians, 90 acres of which Dr. Gardiner conveyed to him as partial pay for his services. This land was the north-western lot in the present town of Pittston, and now includes the farms of Messrs. Amos Lyon [See 12389] and (???) Leavitt. The family removed to that place in 1763, and the deed is dated July 26, 1764, and was signed by Sylvester Gardiner, in presence of Wm. Gardiner and Jno. McKechnie, at Cobbissceconte, before William Lithgow.

"Winslow went to Damariscotta and assisted on the mill at that place. While he was gone his wife and daughter raised their own crops. They took a batteau, and crossed the river repeatedly, and went to the Great House, where they obtained manure, with which they dressed their land for corn, and with their own hands they harvested forty bushels in the fall.

"James Winslow had been a drummer in a fort at Falmouth, while a young man, but he became a convert to the principles of the Society of Friends, and as such, abhorred war and all its preparations. Yet it was found necessary to erect a block-house immediately, for defence against the Indians. This was done in 1763. It was a substantial, bullet-proof fort. It stood on the side of the hill, near the site of the Universalist church. In the autumn of 1765 there was an Indian alarm. Several of the settlers heard mysterious sounds in the night, as of footsteps, and the dogs were clamorous, and one was heard to cry out as if struck. The settlers became very much alarmed, and fled to the block house. The Winslows, who then lived where Amos Lyon now (1852) dwells, fled across the river, and a Bullen family from Hallowell, and others of the settlers with them, until the settlement was entirely deserted, and thirty or forty families were congregated in the humble fort. Jonathan Winslow was then four years old. A little dark cloak was thrown around him, to make him the color of the ground, and he trotted along in the procession to the place of safety. They remained here several days. The next day all went out together well armed, and harvested Winslow's crops, and thus they worked, with their arms, and in company, until the crops were all gathered. The alarm seemed to be false, and gradually the settlers resumed their homes again.

"Mrs. James Winslow was a very energetic woman, and was much relied on in cases of sickness. 'Granny Winslow was the only physician in whom the early settlers believed indeed she was the only individual devoted to the practice of medicine, prior to 1769, about which time Dr. Zachariah Flitner, a German, settled on the cast side of the river.

"James Winslow carried his Quaker principles with him and refused to serve in the Revolution; and Jonathan was once drafted and escaped serving, offering as a reason that he was educated a Quaker. James always took occasion to speak against the efforts of the Americans, though he and his son Jonathan made fifty paddles for Arnold's expedition. He used every effort to dissuade the men of the town from entering the contest against England, which he declared was foolhardiness. When Arnold passed up the river, many of his soldiers wore on their caps the motto, 'Liberty or Death,' and Winslow said, 'you'll all get the latter.' Without being exactly a Tory, he was evidently a prudent, careful man, who thought it not best to strive against so formidable an adversary as Great Britain. He had 'rather bear the ills we have, than fly to others that we know not of He did not object to the drafting of Jonathan, but the tears of the mother caused the boy to offer his plea of being a Quaker.

"In the course of the Revolution there were so many roving parties constantly passing and repassing, and the Winslows were so liable to be disturbed, that they moved from the house they occupied into another in the orchard back of the house, where they remained until more peaceful times.

"On one occasion in 1778-9, a British scouting party of six entered the house, and demanded food. Mrs. Winslow said she had none cooked. They then said, 'boil us hasty pudding, or we will shoot you.' She obeyed the order, and soon the Yankee dish was smoking on the board. Before they had quite finished their repast, the party was alarmed by an unwonted noise without, and decamped, leaving a silver spoon, which one had taken from his knapsack to eat with, and a huge iron-handled sword. The latter is now (1852) in the possession of Mrs. Lyon, [12389] the granddaughter of James Winslow, and is a venerable relic of antiquity.

In the Valuation List of 1785, we find that he had 100 acres of land, and that his property was estimated at 72. He resided at that time in what is now Pittston "very near the Hallowell line, where is now a two story brick house."

He married, 5 July, 1753 [int. 14 May, 1753, Falmouth, acc. to Portland Rec.], Anna Huston, born in 1734, Falmouth, Me., dau. of (???) and Sarah (McCausland). She d. 15 Feb. 1827, New Sharon, Me., and was buried at Farmington. Pittston,Me.Children, born at Pittston, except the first three, were:

2359. 1. SARAH, [12198] b. 20 July, 1754, Broad Bay; m. Ebenezer Church.

2360. 2. (???), died about 1760, Pittston.

2361. 3. (???), " " " "

2362. 4. JONATHAN, [12387] b. 23 Mar. 1761; d. 10 Nov. 1845; m. Hannah Tarbox.

2363. 5. JOHN, [12434] born in 1764; married Sarah Baker.

2364. 6. CARPENTER, [12444] b. 22 Mar. 1766; d. 19 Nov. 1827; m. Elizabeth Colburn.

2365. 7. BETSEY, [12645] b. 20 June, 1770; m. Rev. John Thompson.

2366. 8. ANNA, [12689] married Eleazar Crowell.

2367. 9. GEORGE, born abt. 1772; was drowned in 1788, while skating on the Kennebec river.

2368. 10. JAMES, [12709] b. 28 Apr. 1774; d. 22 July, 1844; m. Betsey Willard.